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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter September 15, 2021

Effect of Introducing Long Chain Branching on Fiber Diameter and Fiber Diameter Distribution in Melt Blowing Process of Polypropylene

  • K. Iiba , W. Takarada and T. Kikutani


In the melt blowing process, the molten polymers extruded from nozzles are elongated by high-velocity and high-temperature air flow. In this study, with the aim of stabilizing the melt blowing process for producing nonwoven webs with fine diameter fibers, the effect of the control of polymer rheology by the introduction of either low melt flow rate (MFR) polypropylene (PP) or long chain branched PP (LCB-PP) to regular high MFR PP was investigated. Introduction of low MFR PP into regular PP increased shear viscosity and fibers of larger diameter were produced in the melt blowing process, while introduction of low MFR LCB-PP suppressed the elongational viscosity reduction with the increase of strain rate, and eventually spinning was stabilized. It was found that the blending of an optimum amount of LCB-PP to regular PP caused the stabilization of the melt blowing process. As a result, the formation of nonwoven webs consisting of fine fibers of rather uniform diameter distribution could be achieved.

Kozo Iiba, Functional Materials Laboratory, Mitsui Chemicals Inc., 580-32, Nagaura, Sodegaura, Chiba 299-0265 Japan


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Received: 2019-12-04
Accepted: 2021-02-08
Published Online: 2021-09-15
Published in Print: 2021-09-27

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