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Effect of Basalt Intraply Fiber Hybridization on the Compression Behavior of Filament Wound Composite Pipes

Ö. Özbek EMAIL logo , Ö. Y. Bozkurt and A. Erkliğ

Abstract

The current study deals with the effect of basalt fiber hybridization on the compressive properties of composite pipes reinforced with glass fiber and carbon fiber. Hybrid and non-hybrid fiber reinforced pipes (FRPs) were fabricated through wet filament winding technique. Intraply fiber winding structure in which different fiber types were simultaneously wound at the layer was employed for the hybridization. The FRP samples wound by different fiber winding angles (± (40°), ± (55°), ± (70°)) were prepared in order to gain a better insight on the influence of basalt intraply fiber hybridization. The compression properties of FRP samples were experimentally determined by quasi-static compression tests using external parallel-plates for both the axial and radial directions. The non-hybrid carbon FRP pipes showed the maximum axial compression strength in parallel to the highest strength and lowest ductility of carbon fibers, while the minimum axial compression strength was obtained for the non-hybrid pipes reinforced with basalt fibers that, in comparison, exhibit much less strength and higher ductility. The pipes submitted to the axial compression tests predominantly failed due to the development of cracks and buckling along the fiber direction. While the inclusion of basalt fiber reduced the axial compression behavior of the non-hybrid carbon and glass FRP samples, it improved that behavior in the radial compression tests. Delamination was determined as the major failure mode for the damaged FRPs under radial compression. It is found that the incorporation of basalt fiber provides improvements in radial compression properties as opposed to axial compression properties and in the same manner the increment in fiber winding angle makes a positive contribution to radial compression properties.


* Mail address: Özkan Özbek, Mechanical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Kilis 7 Aralık University, 79000, Kilis, Turkey


Acknowledgements

Financial support for the raw materials was supplied from Gaziantep University Scientific Research Projects Center (BAP) under grant number MF.DT.16.13.

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Received: 2020-07-08
Accepted: 2020-10-08
Published Online: 2021-05-14
Published in Print: 2021-05-26

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