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How L2 learners of French and English express modality using verbal means: A crosslinguistic and developmental study

Pascale Leclercq and Amanda Edmonds

Abstract

This study describes and analyzes how native and non-native speakers express modality using verbal means during oral retellings. Participants included native speakers of French and English, as well as English-speaking learners of French and French-speaking learners of English at three levels of language proficiency. All participants performed the same short film retelling, which was then transcribed and analyzed in terms of modalization. Results show that all groups use verbal modal means, although rates, meanings and types of modal forms used vary across the two languages, and especially as a function of second language proficiency.

Keywords: modality; SLA; French; English

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Published Online: 2017-9-1
Published in Print: 2017-9-26

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