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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter Oldenbourg May 5, 2021

Argument parsing via corpus queries

Natalie Dykes, Stefan Evert ORCID logo, Merlin Göttlinger, Philipp Heinrich and Lutz Schröder

Abstract

We present an approach to extracting arguments from social media, exemplified by a case study on a large corpus of Twitter messages collected under the #Brexit hashtag during the run-up to the referendum in 2016. Our method is based on constructing dedicated corpus queries that capture predefined argumentation patterns following standard Walton-style argumentation schemes. Query matches are transformed directly into logical patterns, i. e. formulae with placeholders in a general form of modal logic. We prioritize precision over recall, exploiting the fact that the sheer size of the corpus still delivers substantial numbers of matches for all patterns, and with the goal of eventually gaining an overview of widely-used arguments and argumentation schemes. We evaluate our approach in terms of recall on a manually annotated gold standard of 1000 randomly selected tweets for three selected high-frequency patterns. We also estimate precision by manual inspection of query matches in the entire corpus. Both evaluations are accompanied by an analysis of inter-annotator agreement between three independent judges.

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Received: 2020-11-27
Revised: 2021-02-12
Accepted: 2021-03-15
Published Online: 2021-05-05
Published in Print: 2021-02-23

© 2021 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston