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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter November 9, 2019

Farmers’ Grain Storage and Losses in Ethiopia

Fantu Bachewe, Bart Minten, Alemayehu Seyoum Taffesse, Karl Pauw, Alethia Cameron and Tirsit Genye Endaylalu

Abstract

While storage losses at the farm are often assumed to be an important contributor to presumed large postharvest losses in developing countries, reliable and representative data on these losses are often lacking. We study farmers’ storage decisions and self-reported storage losses for grains based on two large-scale household surveys conducted in major agricultural areas in Ethiopia. We show that a relatively large share of grain production is stored by farm households for own consumption and that storage technologies are rudimentary. Farmers’ self-reported storage losses amount to an average of 4 % of all grains stored and 2 % of total harvest. These storage losses differ significantly by socioeconomic variables and wealth, as well as by crop and humidity. We further see strong spatial heterogeneity in storage losses being significantly higher in southwest Ethiopia. Efforts to scale up the adoption of improved storage technologies to reduce storage losses at the farm level should consider these characteristics.

JEL Classification: Q1; Q13; Q18

Acknowledgements

We acknowledge the support for this research by the Monitoring and Analyzing Food and Agricultural Policies (MAFAP) program of the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) of the United Nations and by the Ethiopia Strategy Support Program (ESSP). ESSP is managed by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), is implemented in partnership with the Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI), and is financially supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the Department for International Development (DFID) of the government of the United Kingdom and the European Union (EU). The research presented here was conducted as part of the CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM), which is led by IFPRI.

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Published Online: 2019-11-09

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