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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter February 25, 2021

Private Agricultural R&D: Do the Poor Benefit?

Jock R. Anderson ORCID logo EMAIL logo , Regina Birner , Latha Nagarajan , Anwar Naseem ORCID logo and Carl E. Pray


Private agricultural research and development can foster the growth of agricultural productivity in the diverse farming systems of the developing world comparable to the public sector. We examine the extent to which technologies developed by private entities reach smallholder and resource-poor farmers, and the impact they have on poverty reduction. We critically review cases of successfully deployed improved agricultural technologies delivered by the private sector in both large and small developing countries for instructive lessons for policy makers around the world.

Corresponding author: Jock R. Anderson, MAgrSc, PhD, DEc, Rutgers The State University of New Jersey, 226 Hillsboro Dr, Silver Spring, MD, USA, E-mail:


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Received: 2021-02-05
Accepted: 2021-02-10
Published Online: 2021-02-25

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