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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter August 14, 2020

Biosurveillance: A Modern Look

James Lee Brooks


The early part of the twenty-first century saw a revolution in the field of Homeland Security. The 9/11 attacks, shortly followed thereafter by the Anthrax Attacks, served as a wakeup call to the United States and showed the inadequacy of the current state of the nation’s Homeland Security operations. Biodefense, and as a direct result Biosurveillance, changed dramatically after these tragedies, planting the seeds of fear in the minds of Americans. They were shown that not only could the United States be attacked at any time, but the weapon could be an invisible disease-causing agent.

Corresponding author: James Lee Brooks, School of Law, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, USA, E-mail:

Published Online: 2020-08-14

© 2020 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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