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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter July 3, 2013

Research utilization and evidence-based practice among Saskatchewan massage therapists

  • Donelda M. Gowan-Moody EMAIL logo , Anne M. Leis , Sylvia Abonyi , Michael Epstein and Kalyani Premkumar


While massage therapy (MT) is an increasingly used health care service with a growing evidence base, there is insufficient information about the extent to which MT practice is evidence-based. The purpose of this study was to provide a comprehensive view of Saskatchewan MT’s research utilization to inform the development of evidence-based massage therapy practice. The main objectives of the study were to describe MT’s perceptions of research, their appraised self-efficacy in research literacy and to identify the characteristic of practitioners who use research. Using a survey design all 815 registered members of the Massage Therapist Association of Saskatchewan were invited to complete a mail-out questionnaire. A total of 333 questionnaires were completed and returned for a 41% response rate. Univariate and logistic regression analysis was conducted using SPSS 17.0. While overall perceptions of research were positive, self-efficacy in research literacy was low and research utilization was limited. Characteristics associated with research use included referring to online research databases and peer-reviewed journals, belief that practice should be based on research, and 20 or greater hours per week of practice. Provincial regulatory status may be the first step to quality service delivery and research literacy training and support is needed for practitioners.


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Received: 2012-07-22
Accepted: 2013-06-07
Published Online: 2013-07-03

©2013 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin / Boston

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