Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter October 20, 2018

Yoga practice to improve sleep quality and body composition parameters of obese male - a randomized controlled trial

  • P. B. Rshikesan , Pailoor Subramanya EMAIL logo and Ram Nidhi



Globally obesity increase is a big challenge. Obesity causes many non-communicable diseases. Options to control obesity are in search.

Aim: To assess the outcome of 3 months follow-up period, after 14 weeks yoga intervention, for body composition and sleep quality parameters on obese male in urban setting.

Materials and methods

Design: Parallel group RCT (randomized controlled trial) on obese male. The two groups were yoga and control groups, with yoga (n = 37, age 40.03 ± 8.74), control (n = 35, age 42.20 ± 12.06). The IAYT (integrated approach of yoga therapy) training was given to yoga group for 14 weeks, and the unsupervised yoga practice was continued by the subjects at their home, for further 3 months. Training was 1.5 hour daily for 5 days in a week, which included the IAYT module of Suryanamaskara Asana Pranayama and relaxation. No yoga activity but walking etc. for the same time, was given to control group. Body composition parameters were assessed through BIA (bioelectrical impedance) method using InBody R 20 model. The sleep quality was assessed using PSQI (Pittsburgh sleep quality index). Within group and between group analysis were performed, using SPSS version 21. The correlation analysis was carried out on the difference in pre follow-up values.


During the follow-up period within the group, the body composition parameters improved and the parameters of quality of sleep showed trends of improvement. Also some of the gain obtained during 14 weeks intervention was lost during follow-up period.


The changes observed may indicate the long-term benefits of yoga practice for control of obesity in urban setting for males.

  1. Trial registration: Clinical Trials registry of India CTRI/2015/01/005433

  2. Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  3. Research funding: None declared.

  4. Employment or leadership: None declared.

  5. Honorarium: None declared.

  6. Competing interests: The funding organization(s) played no role in the study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; or in the decision to submit the report for publication.


[1] NCD Risk Factor Collaboration. Trends in adult body-mass index in 200 countries from 1975 to 2014: a pooled analysis of 1698 population based measurement studies with 19·2 million participants. The Lancet. 2016;387:1377–96.10.1016/S0140-6736(16)30054-XSearch in Google Scholar

[2] Telles S, Naveen VK, Balkrishna A, Kumar S. Short term health impact of a yoga and diet change program on obesity. Med Sci Monit. 2010;16:35–40.Search in Google Scholar

[3] Rshikesan PB, Subramanya P, Singh D. Sleep quality and body composition variations in obese male adults after fourteen weeks of yoga intervention: a randomized controlled trial. Int J Yoga. 2017;10:128–37.10.4103/ijoy.IJOY_53_16Search in Google Scholar

[4] Snehalatha C, Viswanathan V, Ramachandran A. Cutoff values for normal anthropometric variables in Asian Indian adults. Diabetes Care. 2003;26:1380–4.10.2337/diacare.26.5.1380Search in Google Scholar

[5] Saghaei M. Implementation of an open-source customizable minimization program for allocation of patients to parallel groups in clinical trials. J Biomed Sci Eng. 2011;04:734–9.10.4236/jbise.2011.411090Search in Google Scholar

[6] Dhananjai S, Sadashiv TS, Dutt K, Kumar R. Reducing psychological distress and obesity through Yoga practice. Int J Yoga. 2013;6:66–70.10.4103/0973-6131.105949Search in Google Scholar

[7] Jensky NE, Dieli CM, Rossuello A, Erceg DN, McCauley S, Schroeder ET. Validity and reliability of body composition analysers in children and adults. Br J Nutr. 2008;100:859–65.10.1017/S0007114508925460Search in Google Scholar

[8] Carpenter JS, Andrykowski MA. Psychometric evaluation of the Pittsburgh sleep quality index. J Psychosom Res. 1998;45:5–13.10.1016/S0022-3999(97)00298-5Search in Google Scholar

[9] Rshikesan PB, Subramanya P, Nidhi R. Yoga practice for reducing the male obesity and weight related psychological difficulties-a randomized controlled trial. Jcdr. 2016;10:OC22–OC28.10.7860/JCDR/2016/22720.8940Search in Google Scholar PubMed PubMed Central

[10] Rshikesan PB, Subramanya P. Effect of integrated approach of yoga therapy on male obesity and psychological parameters-a randomized controlled trial. Jcdr. 2016;10:KC01–KC06.10.7860/JCDR/2016/21494.8727Search in Google Scholar PubMed PubMed Central

[11] Greco EA, Lenzi A, Migliaccio S. The pathophysiological basis of bone tissue alterations associated with eating disorders. Horm Mol Biol Clin Investig. 2016;28:121–32.10.1515/hmbci-2016-0006Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[12] Innes KE, Vincent HK. The influence of yoga-based programs on risk profiles in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review. EvidBased Complement Altern Med. 2007;4:469–86.10.1093/ecam/nel103Search in Google Scholar PubMed PubMed Central

[13] St-Onge M-P, Shechter A. Sleep disturbances, body fat distribution, food intake and/or energy expenditure: pathophysiological aspects. Horm Mol Biol Clin Investig. 2014;17:29–37.10.1515/hmbci-2013-0066Search in Google Scholar PubMed PubMed Central

[14] Bankar M, Chaudhari SK, Chaudhari KD. Impact of long term Yoga practice on sleep quality and quality of life in the elderly. J Ayurveda Integr Med. 2013;4:28–32.10.4103/0975-9476.109548Search in Google Scholar PubMed PubMed Central

[15] Tsang AH, Kolbe I, Seemann J, Oster H. Interaction of circadian and stress systems in the regulation of adipose physiology. Horm Mol Biol Clin Investig. 2014;19:103–15.10.1515/hmbci-2014-0020Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[16] Filiatrault M-L, Chaput J-P, Drapeau V, Tremblay A. Eating behavior traits and sleep as determinants of weight loss in overweight and obese adults. Nutr Diabetes. 2014;4:e140.10.1038/nutd.2014.37Search in Google Scholar PubMed PubMed Central

[17] Kiecolt-Glaser JK, Christian LM, Andridge R, Hwang BS, Malarkey WB, Belury MA, et al. Adiponectin, leptin, and yoga practice. Physiol Behav. 2012;107:809–13.10.1016/j.physbeh.2012.01.016Search in Google Scholar PubMed PubMed Central

[18] Yadav R, Yadav RK, Khadgawat R, Mehta N. Beneficial effects of a 12-week yoga-based lifestyle intervention on cardio-metabolic risk factors and adipokines in subjects with pre-hypertension or hypertension. J Hypertens. 2016;34:e252.10.1097/01.hjh.0000500572.10167.f4Search in Google Scholar

[19] Lu YH, Rosner B, Chang G, Fishman LM. Twelve minute daily Yoga regimen reverses osteoporotic bone loss. Top Geriatr Rehabil. 2016;32:81–7.10.1097/TGR.0000000000000085Search in Google Scholar PubMed PubMed Central

Received: 2016-06-23
Accepted: 2018-05-02
Published Online: 2018-10-20

© 2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

Downloaded on 2.4.2023 from
Scroll to top button