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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter February 28, 2020

Workshop and package education intervention to knowledge, attitude and practice of ICU nurses on the use of physical restraints

  • Mohammad Khajeh , Milad Bazghaleh , Yaser Tabarraie , Reza Mohammadpourhodki and Mohsen Koushan EMAIL logo



The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of the two training methods: educational workshop and electronic package on the knowledge, attitude and practice of nurses in intensive care units (ICUs).

Materials and Methods

In this experimental study, 64 nurses working in ICU at Imam Hossein and Bahar Hospitals in 2017 in Shahroud were randomly selected into two groups of training: workshops and educational package. At first, knowledge, attitude and performance of the two groups were measured and then 2 weeks after the post-test training. Data were analyzed by Fisher exact, Wilcoxon, independent t-test, Mann–Whitney test with a significance level ≤0.05.


A significant difference was found between knowledge score in the workshop (10.40 ± 1.41) and educational package (11.25 ± 0.95) (p=0.007). However, No significant difference was found between the nurses attitude in the workshop group (28.59 ± 2.74) and the trained by educational package (28.25 ± 2.85) (p=0.617). Also, no significant difference was found between the mean practice scores in two groups (p=0/143).


The results of this study indicated that the educational package was more effective than the workshop on improving the level of knowledge of nurses about physical restriction, but both methods increased the attitude and practice of nurses.


This article is the result of a student dissertation for obtaining a Master’s Degree in Internal Surgery Nursing approved by Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences. This is to be commended for the cooperation of the officials and members of the Research Council of Sabzevar Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, as well as the authorities and nurses of the intensive care unit of Imam Hossein Research Center and BaharShahrood.

  1. Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  2. Research funding: None declared.

  3. Employment or leadership: None declared.

  4. Honorarium: None declared.

  5. Competing interests: The funding organization(s) played no role in the study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; or in the decision to submit the report for publication.


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Received: 2019-03-10
Accepted: 2019-05-22
Published Online: 2020-02-28

© 2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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