Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter April 2, 2021

Effect of yoga on plasma glucose, lipid profile, blood pressure and insulin requirement in a patient with type 1 diabetes mellitus

Jintu Kurian, Venugopal Vijayakumar, A. Mooventhan and Ramesh Mavathur



The objective of the study is to evaluate the short-term effect of yoga on plasma glucose, lipid profile, blood pressure and insulin requirement in a patient with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).

Case presentation

A 28-years old female was diagnosed with T1DM at the age of seven. She was under Human Mixtard insulin 30-70, thrice/day for 15-15-15 units. She had a history of poor glycemic control, diabetic ketoacidosis and hypoglycemic shock. At the age of 27, she got admitted with complaints of general weakness, joints stiffness and weight loss in our holistic health centre and underwent two weeks of yoga. Results showed a better reduction in the plasma glucose levels, lipid profile, blood pressure and insulin dose and an increase in hemoglobin levels with no episodes of hypoglycemia after yoga.


Yoga might be considered as a safer and effective adjuvant in the management of T1DM.

Corresponding author: Dr. A. Mooventhan, MD (Naturopathy), Department of Research, Government Yoga and Naturopathy Medical College, Arumbakkam, Chennai, 600106, Tamilnadu, India, E-mail:

  1. Research funding: Nil.

  2. Conflict of interest: None declared.

  3. Informed consent: An informed written consent was obtained from the patient for reporting this case.


1. Insel, RA, Dunne, JL, Atkinson, MA, Chiang, JL, Dabelea, D, Gottlieb, PA, et al.. Staging presymptomatic type-1-diabetes: a scientific statement of JDRF, the Endocrine Society, and the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care 2015;38:1964–74.10.2337/dc15-1419Search in Google Scholar

2. International Diabetes Federation. IDF diabetes atlas, 8th ed. Brussels, Belgium: International Diabetes Federation; 2017.Search in Google Scholar

3. Venugopal, V, Rathi, A, Raghuram, N. Effect of short-term yoga-based lifestyle intervention on plasma glucose levels in individuals with diabetes and pre-diabetes in the community. Diabetes Metab Syndrome 2017;11:S597–9.10.1016/j.dsx.2017.04.010Search in Google Scholar

4. Mooventhan, A. A narrative review on role of yoga as an adjuvant in the management of risk factor, disease progression and the complications of type-2-diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Metab Syndrome 2017;11(1 Suppl):S343–6.10.1016/j.dsx.2017.03.013Search in Google Scholar

5. Thind, H, Lantini, R, Balletto, BL, Donahue, ML, Salmoirago-Blotcher, E, Bock, BC, et al.. The effects of yoga among adults with type-2-diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Prev Med 2017;105:116–26.10.1016/j.ypmed.2017.08.017Search in Google Scholar

6. Riddell, MC, Gallen, IW, Smart, CE, Taplin, CE, Adolfsson, P, Lumb, AN, et al.. Exercise management in type 1 diabetes: a consensus statement. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol 2017;l5:377–90.10.1016/S2213-8587(17)30014-1Search in Google Scholar

7. Singh, VP, Khandelwal, B, Sherpa, NT. Psycho-neuro-endocrine-immune mechanisms of action of yoga in type II diabetes. Ancient Sci Life 2015;35:12–7.10.4103/0257-7941.165623Search in Google Scholar PubMed PubMed Central

8. Hegde, SV, Adhikari, P, Kotian, S, Pinto, VJ, D’Souza, S, D’Souza, V. Effect of 3-month yoga on oxidative stress in type 2 diabetes with or without complications: a controlled clinical trial. Diabetes Care 2011;34:2208–10.10.2337/dc10-2430Search in Google Scholar PubMed PubMed Central

9. Singh, S, Kyizom, T, Singh, KP, Tandon, OP, Madhu, SV. Influence of pranayamas and yoga-asanas on serum insulin, blood glucose and lipid profile in type 2 diabetes. Indian J Clin Biochem 2008;23:365–8.10.1007/s12291-008-0080-9Search in Google Scholar PubMed PubMed Central

Received: 2020-06-30
Accepted: 2020-09-21
Published Online: 2021-04-02

© 2021 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

Scroll Up Arrow