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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter February 3, 2021

Herbal foodstuffs in Avicenna’s recommended diet to improve sperm quality and increase male fertility; an evidence-based approach

  • Azita Sadogh , Narjes Gorji and Reihaneh Moeini EMAIL logo


Attention to diet was considered important issues in improvement of men infertility in Persian Medicine (PM). The purpose of this study was to extract herbal foodstuffs introduced by Avicenna, one of the greatest PM physicians to improve the semen production and to provide evidence of their impact on the basis of current studies.“Canon of Medicine”, the most important Avecinna's book, was searched with keywords equivalent to semen, fertility and infertility, main herbal foodstuffs were extracted and was searched with keywords sperm, semen, infertility, and fertility in Google scholar, PubMed and Scopus databases. Manuscripts from 1950 up to December 2019 were selected and reviewed. Almond, Onion, Chickpea, Garlic, Coconut, Palm date, Sesame, Fenugreek, Carrot, Fig, Grapes, Pistachio, Hazelnut and Walnut are among main foodstuffs which recommended by Avicenna and there is also evidence that they have positive effects on testosterone production and improvement of various sperm parameters, including count, motility and morphology. Containing large amount of different macro and micronutrients such as vitamins including vit B, C, A and E, minerals such as Mg, Se, Zn, Cu and Fe, important unsaturated fatty acids such as linoleic and oleic acids, amino acids such as lysine and arginine and phytochemicals such as polyphenols, flavonoids, triterpenes and steroids can be considered as a main factor in the effectiveness of these foodstuffs. Designing a diet based on the fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds that Avicenna has recommended, may be effective in treating male infertility but further studies are needed to clarify this issue. Research on the effectiveness of his other recommended foodsuffs may also offer new treatments and supplements for this purpose.

Corresponding author: Reihaneh Moeini, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor, Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Iranian Traditional Medicine, Traditional Medicine and History of Medical Sciences Research Center, Babol University of Medical Science, Babol, Islamic Republic of Iran, Phone: +98 (11) 32194728 30, Fax: +98 (11) 32194728 30, E-mail:

  1. Research funding: There is no funding.

  2. Author contributions: All authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this manuscript and approved its submission.

  3. Competing interests: Authors state no conflict of interest.


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Received: 2020-08-02
Accepted: 2021-01-02
Published Online: 2021-02-03

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