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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter August 13, 2020

Is the Infringement of a Treaty a Fault?

The Impact of the Absence of Direct Effect on the Extra-Contractual Liability of the State

  • Françoise Auvray EMAIL logo


This contribution deals with the wrongful behaviour of public authorities, in this case in particular the Belgian State, and delves into a challenge that the multi-levelled legal order poses for the national tort system. It inquires how the violation of an international treaty relates to liability in the national legal system. More specifically, the author examines if it is necessary, when dealing with state liability, to limit the concept of fault to the infringements of international treaties with direct effect, excluding the violation of those without such effect.


This contribution is a translation of the previously published article: F Auvray, La violation d’un traité est-elle une faute? – Incidence de l’absence d’effet direct sur la responsabilité extracontractuelle de l’État, Journal des Tribunaux (2019), 21.

Published Online: 2020-08-13
Published in Print: 2020-07-03

© 2020 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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