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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter July 13, 2013

The Military’s Response to Domestic CBRNE Incidents

David G. Heffelfinger , Craig M. Tuckett and Jeffrey R. Ryan EMAIL logo

Abstract

The military’s increasing role in response to CBRNE events throughout the US has resulted in the need for a re-structuring of military forces. The development of the CBRNE Consequence Management Enterprise is a prime example of the military’s effort to support federal, state, and local disaster response agencies. The National Guard improved their response capabilities through the development of 57 Weapons of Mass Destruction Civil Support Teams, 17 CBRNE Enhanced Response Force Packages and 10 Homeland Response Forces. With their additional manpower, equipment, and response capabilities the active duty military still has a vital disaster response role. The active duty military does, however, have a primary mission of fighting and winning wars, therefore it is only practical to utilize the National Guard as the main element of a response to a major CBRNE incident. National Guard units are less restricted by both the Posse Comitatus Act and the Title 10 US Code (USC) allowing them greater flexibility during response to CBRNE events. Civilian leaders responsible for leading National Guard units must be well versed in the laws, structure and tactics pertaining to National Guard forces and must be familiar with the National Guard’s capabilities and limitations.


Corresponding author: Jeffrey R. Ryan, Emergency Management, Jacksonville State University, 100 Gamecock Drive, Anniston, AL 36205, USA, Tel.: 2567828334, e-mail:

Appendix

Acronym Index:

AARAfter-Action Reports
AFIAir Force Instruction
AFRATAir Force Radiological Assessment Team
AORArea of Responsibility
C2Command and Control
C2CRECommand and Control CBRN Consequence Response Elements
CBIRFChemical and Biological Incident Response Force
CBRNEChemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear and High Yield Explosive
CCMRFsCBRNE Consequence Management Response Forces
CCMRFCBRNE Consequence Management Response Force
CERFPCBRNE Enhanced Response Force Package
CHEM Plt - BIDSChemical Biological Integrated Detection System Platoon
CHEM C0-DeconChemical Decontamination Company
CHEM Plt - ReconChemical Reconnaissance Platoon
CoMSUPCENConsequence Management Support Center
CONUSThe Continental United States
CSTWGCivil Support Team Working Group
CSTCivil Support Team
DCEDefense Coordinating Element
DCOsDefense Coordinating Officers
DCRFDefense CBRN Response Force
DODDepartment of Defense
DRRSDefense Readiness Reporting System
DSCDual Status Commander
DTRADefense Threat Reduction Agency
EMACEmergency Management Assistance Compact
EODExplosive Ordnance Disposal
FBIFederal Bureau of Investigations
FCOFederal Coordinating Officer
FEMAFederal Emergency Management Agency
FSRTFatalities Search and Recovery Team
GAOGovernment Accountability Office
HAMMER ACEHammer Adaptive Communications Element
HRFHomeland Response Force
IAWIn accordance with
ICIncident Commander
JCCSEJoint CONUS Communications Support Environment
JFHQ-StateJoint Force Headquarters – State
JTFJoint Task Force
JTF-CSJoint Task Force – Civil Support
LRNLaboratory Response Network Laboratory
MOAMemorandum of Agreement
NGBNational Guard Bureau
NGRNational Guard Regulation
NIMSNational Incident Management System
NRFNational Response Framework
NORTHCOMUS Northern Command
O5Army or Air Force Grade of Lieutenant Colonel
O6Army or Air Force Grade of Colonel
PCAPosse Comitatus Act
PDDPresidential Disaster Declaration
POTUSPresident of the United States
QDRQuadrennial Defense Review
RFARequest for Assistance
SADState Active Duty
SCOState Coordinating Officer
SEATStandardization and Evaluation Assistance Team
TAGThe Adjutant General
TE&O/ARTEPCollective Training and Evaluation Outcomes/Army Training and Evaluation Program
TICsToxic Industrial Chemicals
TIMsToxic Industrial Materials
TSCsTheater Sustainment Commands
USCUnited States Code
USCGUnited States Coast Guard
US GAOThe United States Government Accountability Office
WMD – CSTWeapons of Mass Destruction – Civil Support Team
WMDWeapons of Mass Destruction

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Published Online: 2013-07-13
Published in Print: 2013-01-01

©2013 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin Boston

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