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BY-NC-ND 4.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter October 18, 2016

UV-visible scanning spectrophotometry and chemometric analysis as tools for carotenoids analysis in cassava genotypes (Manihot esculenta Crantz)

Rodolfo Moresco EMAIL logo , Virgílio G. Uarrota , Aline Pereira , Maíra Tomazzoli , Eduardo da C. Nunes , Luiz Augusto Martins Peruch , Jussara Gazzola , Christopher Costa , Miguel Rocha and Marcelo Maraschin

Summary

In this study, the metabolomics characterization focusing on the carotenoid composition of ten cassava (Manihot esculenta) genotypes cultivated in southern Brazil by UV-visible scanning spectrophotometry and reverse phase-high performance liquid chromatography was performed. Cassava roots rich in β-carotene are an important staple food for populations with risk of vitamin A deficiency. Cassava genotypes with high pro-vitamin A activity have been identified as a strategy to reduce the prevalence of deficiency of this vitamin. The data set was used for the construction of a descriptive model by chemometric analysis. The genotypes of yellow-fleshed roots were clustered by the higher concentrations of cis- β-carotene and lutein. Inversely, cream-fleshed roots genotypes were grouped precisely due to their lower concentrations of these pigments, as samples rich in lycopene (redfleshed) differed among the studied genotypes. The analytical approach (UV-Vis, HPLC, and chemometrics) used showed to be efficient for understanding the chemodiversity of cassava genotypes, allowing to classify them according to important features for human health and nutrition.

Published Online: 2016-10-18
Published in Print: 2015-12-1

© 2015 The Author(s). Published by Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics.

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License.

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