Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter May 13, 2014

Relationship between Mental Rotation of Body Parts and Postural Stability during Quiet Stance

Tsubasa Kawasaki, Kazuhiro Yasuda, Kazunobu Fukuhara and Takahiro Higuchi

Abstract

The present study was designed to investigate a relationship between the ability to quickly perform a mental rotation (MR) task using body (particularly foot) stimuli and postural stability during unipedal and bipedal quiet stance. Twenty-four healthy young adults participated in this study to measure reaction times for the MR (stimuli: foot, hand, and car), postural sway values during unipedal and bipedal standings, and lower extremity functions. Results showed significant correlations between the reaction time for the MR of the foot stimuli (but not for hand and car stimuli) and some of postural sway values (total length of sway and mean velocity in the anterior–posterior direction) during unipedal standing (but not for bipedal standing). Consistently, participants who performed the MR task quickly showed significantly smaller sway values during unipedal standing than those who performed the task slowly. These findings suggest that the ability to mentally imagine the foot movement is likely to relate to postural stability, while involving a challenging postural task, such as unipedal standing. The reaction time for the MR of foot stimuli was also correlated with two-point discrimination (TPD) distance on the plantar skin. Given that the TPD distance not only represents cutaneous acuity but also reflects participants’ body image relating to their feet, MR performance may have been related to postural stability because both involve cognitive processes used for both motor imagery and motor execution of the foot movement.

References

Arzy, S., Overney, L. S., Landis, T., & Blanke, O. (2006). Neural mechanisms of embodiment: Asomatognosia due to premotor cortex damage. Archives of Neurology, 63(7), 10221025. Search in Google Scholar

Day, B. L., Steiger, M. J., Thompson, P. D., & Marsden, C. D. (1993). Effect of vision and stance width on human body motion when standing: Implications for afferent control of lateral sway. Journal of Physiology (Paris), 469, 479499. Search in Google Scholar

De Lange, F. P., Hagoort, P., & Toni, I. (2005). Neural topography and content of movement representations. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17(1), 97112. Search in Google Scholar

De Lange, F. P., Helmich, R. C., & Toni, I. (2006). Posture influences motor imagery: An fMRI study. NeuroImage, 33(2), 609617. Search in Google Scholar

Fu, A. S., & Hui-Chan, C. W. (2005). Ankle joint proprioception and postural control in basketball players with bilateral ankle sprains. The American journal of sports medicine, 33(8), 11741182. Search in Google Scholar

Gage, W. H., Winter, D. A., Frank, J. S., & Adkin, A. L. (2004). Kinematic and kinetic validity of the inverted pendulum model in quiet standing. Gait & Posture, 19(2), 124132. Search in Google Scholar

Galton, F. (1899). On Instruments for (1) testing perception of differences of Tint and for (2) determining reaction time. The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 19, 2729. Search in Google Scholar

Gregg, M., Hall, C., & Butler, A. (2010). The MIQ-RS: A suitable option for examining movement imagery ability. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 7(2), 249257. Search in Google Scholar

Hall, C. R., & Martin, K. A. (1997). Measuring movement imagery abilities: A revision of the movement imagery questionnaire. Journal of Mental Imagery, 21, 183154. Search in Google Scholar

Heinen, T. (2013). Does the athletes’ body shape the athletes’ mind? A few ideas on athletes’ mental rotation performance. Commentary on Jansen and Lehmann. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 9(2), 99101. Search in Google Scholar

Hurley, M. V., Rees, J., & Newham, D. J. (1998). Quadriceps function, proprioceptive acuity and functional performance in healthy young, middle-aged and elderly subjects. Age and Ageing, 27(1), 5562. Search in Google Scholar

Hyde, C., Wilmut, K., Fuelscher, I., & Williams, J. (2013). Does implicit motor imagery ability predict reaching correction efficiency? A test of recent models of human motor control. Journal of Motor Behavior, 45(3), 259269. Search in Google Scholar

Ionta, S., & Blanke, O. (2009). Differential influence of handsposture on mental rotation of hands and feet in leftand right handers. Experimental Brain Research, 195(2), 207217. Search in Google Scholar

Ishihara, M., & K. Imanaka. (2008). Visual perception and motor preparation of manual aiming: A review of behavioral studies and neural correlates. Visual Perception. Search in Google Scholar

Ishihara, M., Imanaka, K., & Mori, S. (2002). Lateralized effects of target location on reaction times when preparing for manual aiming at a visual target. Human Movement Science, 21(5–6), 563582. Search in Google Scholar

Jansen, P., & Kaltner, S. (2013). Object-based and egocentric mental rotation performance in older adults: The importance of gender differences and motor ability. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 4(ahead-of-print), 121. Search in Google Scholar

Jansen, P., Lehmann, J., & Van Doren, J. (2012). Mental rotation performance in male soccer players. PLoS One, 7(10), e48620. Search in Google Scholar

Kaltner, S., & Jansen, P. (2014). Mental rotation and motor performance in children with developmental dyslexia. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 35(3), 741754. Search in Google Scholar

Kavounoudias, A., Roll, R., & Roll, J. P. (1998). The plantar sole is a “dynamometric map” for human balance control. NeuroReport, 9(14), 32473252. Search in Google Scholar

Kawamichi, H., Kikuchi, Y., Endo, H., Takeda, T., & Yoshizawa, S. (1998). Temporal structure of implicit motor imagery in visual hand-shape discrimination as revealed by MEG. NeuroReport, 9(6), 11271132. Search in Google Scholar

Kawasaki, T., & Higuchi, T. (2013). Immediate beneficial effects of mental rotation using foot stimuli on upright postural stability in healthy participants. Rehabilitation Research and Practice, 2013, 7. Search in Google Scholar

Lord, S. R., Clark, R. D., & Webster, I. W. (1991). Postural stability and associated physiological factors in a population of aged persons. Journal of Gerontology, 46(3), M69M76. Search in Google Scholar

Luomajoki, H., & Moseley, G. L. (2011). Tactile acuity and lumbopelvic motor control in patients with back pain and healthy controls. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 45(5), 437440. Search in Google Scholar

Morioka, S., Fukumoto, T., Hiyamizu, M., Matsuo, A., Takebayashi, H., & Miyamoto, K. (2012). Changes in the equilibrium of standing on one leg at various life stages. Current Gerontology Geriatrics Research, 2012, 516283. Search in Google Scholar

Moseley, G. L. (2004). Why do people with complex regional pain syndrome take longer to recognize their affected hand?. Neurology, 62(12), 21822186. Search in Google Scholar

Moseley, G. L. (2008). I cant find it! Distorted body image and tactile dysfunction in patients with chronic back pain. Pain, 140(1), 239243. Search in Google Scholar

Moseley, G. L., Zalucki, N. M., & Wiech, K. (2008). Tactile discrimination, but not tactile stimulation alone, reduces chronic limb pain. Pain, 137(3), 600608. Search in Google Scholar

Olivier, G., Velay, J. L., Labiale, G., Celse, C., & Faure, S. (2004). Mental rotation and simulation of a reaching and grasping manual movement. Percept Mot Skills, 98(3 Pt 2), 11071116. Search in Google Scholar

Parsons, L. M. (1994). Temporal and kinematic properties of motor behavior reflected in mentally simulated action. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 20(4), 709730. Search in Google Scholar

Rugelj, D. (2002). The relationship between innervation density and dynamic balance function. Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters, 7(1), 149150. Search in Google Scholar

Schwoebel, J., Friedman, R., Duda, N., & Coslett, H. B. (2001). Pain and the body schema: Evidence for peripheral effects on mental representations of movement. Brain, 124(Pt 10), 20982104. Search in Google Scholar

Sekiyama, K. (1982). Kinesthetic aspects of mental representations in the identification of left and right hands. Perception & Psychophysics, 32(2), 8995. Search in Google Scholar

Shepard, R., & Metzler, J. (1971). Mental rotation of three-dimensional objects. Search in Google Scholar

Soames, R. W., & Atha, J. (1982). The spectral characteristics of postural sway behaviour. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, 49(2), 169177. Search in Google Scholar

Stanton, T. R., Lin, C. W., Bray, H., Smeets, R. J., Taylor, D., Law, R. Y., & Moseley, G. L. (2013). Tactile acuity is disrupted in osteoarthritis but is unrelated to disruptions in motor imagery performance. Rheumatology (Oxford), 52(8), 15091519. Search in Google Scholar

Steggemann, Y., Engbert, K., & Weigelt, M. (2011). Selective effects of motor expertise in mental body rotation tasks: Comparing object-based and perspective transformations. Brain and Cognition, 76(1), 97105. Search in Google Scholar

ter Horst, A. C., van Lier, R., & Steenbergen, B. (2010). Mental rotation task of hands: Differential influence number of rotational axes. Experimental Brain Research, 203(2), 347354. Search in Google Scholar

Wand, B. M., Di Pietro, F., George, P., & O’Connell, N. E. (2010). Tactile thresholds are preserved yet complex sensory function is impaired over the lumbar spine of chronic non-specific low back pain patients: A preliminary investigation. Physiotherapy, 96(4), 317323. Search in Google Scholar

Winter, D. A., Patla, A. E., Ishac, M., & Gage, W. H. (2003). Motor mechanisms of balance during quiet standing. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 13(1), 4956. Search in Google Scholar

Winter, D. A., Patla, A. E., Prince, F., Ishac, M., & Gielo-Perczak, K. (1998). Stiffness control of balance in quiet standing. Journal of Neurophysiology, 80(3), 12111221. Search in Google Scholar

Winter, D. A., Prince, F., Frank, J. S., Powell, C., & Zabjek, K. F. (1996). Unified theory regarding A/P and M/L balance in quiet stance. Journal of Neurophysiology, 75(6), 23342343. Search in Google Scholar

Zacks, J. M. (2008). Neuroimaging studies of mental rotation: A meta-analysis and review. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 20(1), 119. Search in Google Scholar

Published Online: 2014-5-13
Published in Print: 2014-1-1

©2014 by De Gruyter