Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter April 16, 2015

The Use of Imagery by Portuguese Soccer Goalkeepers

Joana Ribeiro, João Madeira, Cláudia Dias, Lindsay Ross Stewart, Nuno Corte-Real and António Fonseca

Abstract

The purpose of this investigation was to study the extent to which Portuguese soccer goalkeepers used imagery, and to examine if and how athletes of different ages differed in their use of imagery. Seventy soccer goalkeepers playing in the two major Portuguese soccer leagues completed the translated versions of the Sports Inventory of Mental Strategies, the Imagery Use Questionnaire for Soccer Players, the Sport Imagery Training and the Sport Imagery Questionnaire. The results showed that imagery was most used in competition than in training, preferably in its visual dimension and from an internal perspective. The results also demonstrated that athletes used imagery both for motivational and cognitive purposes, but the motivational function, namely its general-mastery component, was slightly more used and with more vivid images. After competition and when injured, under-21 athletes used imagery significantly less than their older counterparts.

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Published Online: 2015-4-16
Published in Print: 2015-1-1

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