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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter October 28, 2016

Layered Stimulus Response Training versus Combined Action Observation and Imagery: Effects on Golf Putting Performance and Imagery Ability Characteristics

  • Ben Marshall EMAIL logo and David J. Wright


This experiment compared the effectiveness of layered stimulus response training (LSRT) and combined action observation and motor imagery (AOMI) for improving golf putting performance and imagery ability characteristics. Twenty-four novice golfers were randomly assigned to LSRT, AOMI or reading (control) intervention groups (n=8), that all incorporated physical practice. Putting performance and imagery ability characteristics were measured at pre-test (day 1), post-test (day 5) and retention test (day 8). Putting performance improved in the LSRT group but not in the AOMI or control groups. Whilst there was no change in general movement imagery ability across the experiment, task-specific imagery ability did improve in both the LSRT and AOMI groups.


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Published Online: 2016-10-28
Published in Print: 2016-1-1

©2016 by De Gruyter

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