Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published online by De Gruyter March 19, 2020

High Birefringence and Negative Dispersion Based Modified Decagonal Photonic Crystal Fibers: A Numerical Study

Anik Baul, Md. Biplob Hossain, Md. Nazmus Sakib, Md. Masud Rana, Md. Amzad Hossain, Md. Sanwar Hossain, Md. Muztahidul Islam and I.S. Amiri

Abstract

In this paper, an extremely birefringent PCF based on a modified decagonal (MD-PCF) arrangement is studied for broadband compensation covering the S-, C- and L-communication bands wavelength ranging from 1460 to 1625 nm. It is made known in theory that it is conceivable to attain negative dispersion coefficient about − 448 to − 835 ps/nm/km covering S-, C- and L-communication bands as well as a relative dispersion slope near to single mode fiber (SMF) of 0.0036 nm−1. On the basis of simulation results incorporating finite-element method based COMSOL multiphysics software, birefringence is obtained as high as 1.7 × 10−2, which is definately greater than conventional step-index fiber (SIF) and circular air- holes PCF so far. We also discuss the characteristics of chromatic dispersion, effective area and confinement loss of the designed PCF.


Anika Baul and Biplob Hossain have contributed equally to this work and are both first co-authors.


References

1. Mollah MA, Islam SR, Yousufali M, Abdulrazak LF, Hossain MB, Amiri IS. Plasmonic temperature sensor using D-shaped photonic crystal fiber. Results Phys. 2020;16:102966.10.1016/j.rinp.2020.102966Search in Google Scholar

2. Hossain MB, Hossain MS, Moznuzzaman M, Hossain MA, Tariquzzaman M, Hasan MT, et al. Numerical analysis and design of photonic crystal fiber based surface plasmon resonance biosensor. J Sens Technol. 2019;9:27–34.10.4236/jst.2019.92003Search in Google Scholar

3. Sakib MN, Hossain MB, Al-tabatabaie KF, Mehedi IM, Hasan MT, Hossain MA, et al. High performance dual core D-shape PCF-SPR sensor modeling employing gold coat. Results Phys. 2019;15:102788.10.1016/j.rinp.2019.102788Search in Google Scholar

4. Kaijage SF, Namihira Y, Hai NH, Begum F, Razzak SM, Kinjo T, et al. Broadband dispersion compensating octagonal photonic crystal fiber for optical communication applications. Jpn J Appl Phy. 2009;48:052401–8.10.1143/JJAP.48.052401Search in Google Scholar

5. Habib MS, Habib MS, AbdurRazzak SM, Namihira Y, Hossain MA, GoffarKhan MA. Broadband dispersion compensation of conventional single mode fibers using microstructure optical fibers. Optik. 2013;124:3851–5.10.1016/j.ijleo.2012.12.014Search in Google Scholar

6. Ahmed K, Ferdous M, Hossen MN, Paul BK, Amiri I, Yupapin P. Low insertion loss and high extinction ratio analysis of a new surface plasmon resonance based photonic crystal fiber filter. Optik. 2019;194:163069.10.1016/j.ijleo.2019.163069Search in Google Scholar

7. Amiri I, Khalek MA, Chakma S, Paul BK, Ahmed K, Dhasarathan V, et al. Design of Ge20Sb15Se65 embedded rectangular slotted quasi photonic crystal fiber for higher nonlinearity applications. Optik. 2019;184:63–9.10.1016/j.ijleo.2019.01.006Search in Google Scholar

8. Ortigosa-Blanch, Knight JC, Wadsworth WJ, Arriaga J, Mangan BJ, Birks TA, et al. Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers. Opt Lett. 2000;25:1325–7.10.1364/OL.25.001325Search in Google Scholar PubMed

9. Lukman V, Cherian JM. Design of highly birefringent and low confinement loss photonic crystal fibre by introducing asymmetric defect structures. Inter J Comp Appli. 2012;44:38–41.Search in Google Scholar

10. Biswas B, Ahmed K, Ramanujam K, Paul BK, Amiri IS, Raja W. Performance analysis of circularly photonic crystal fiber for orbital angular momentum mode generation. Opt Eng. 2019;58:086108.10.1117/1.OE.58.8.086108Search in Google Scholar

11. Trabelsi Y, Ali NB, Elhawil A, Krishnamurthy R, Kanzari M, Amiri IS, et al. Design of structural gigahertz multichanneled filter by using generalized Fibonacci superconducting photonic quasicrystals. Results Phys. 2019;13:102343.10.1016/j.rinp.2019.102343Search in Google Scholar

12. Aslam Mollah M, Yousufali M, Rifat Bin Asif Faysal M, Rabiul Hasan M, Biplob Hossain M, Amiri IS. Highly sensitive photonic crystal fiber salinity sensor based on sagnac interferometer. Results Phys. 2020. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rinp.2020.103022.Search in Google Scholar

13. Habib MS, Habib MS, Razzak SA, Hossain MA. Proposal for highly birefringent broadband dispersion compensating octagonal photonic crystal fiber. Opt Fiber Technol. 2013;19:461–7.10.1016/j.yofte.2013.05.014Search in Google Scholar

14. Yang KY, Chau YF, Huang YW, Yeh HY, Tsai DP. Design of high birefringence and low confinement loss photonic crystal fibers with five rings hexagonal and octagonal symmetry air-holes in fiber cladding. J Appl Phys. 2011;109:093103.10.1063/1.3583560Search in Google Scholar

15. Kim S, Chul-sikkee C, Lee G, Hybrid Square-lattice photonic crystal fiber. In: CLEO/Pacific Rim 2009, Shanghai, China, August 31-September 3, 2009.10.1109/CLEOPR.2009.5292548Search in Google Scholar

16. Knight JC, Birks TA, Russell PS, Atkin DM. All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photoniccrystal cladding. Opt Lett. 1996;21:1547–9.10.1364/OL.21.001547Search in Google Scholar PubMed

17. Birks TA, Mogilevtsev D, Knight JC, Russell PS. Dispersion compensation using single-materialfibers. IEEE Photon Technol Lett. 1999;11:674–6.10.1109/68.766781Search in Google Scholar

18. Matsui T, Nakajima K, Sankawa I. Dispersion compensation over all the telecommunication bands with double-cladding photonic-crystal fiber. J Lightw Technol. 2007;25:757–62.10.1109/JLT.2006.889668Search in Google Scholar

19. Monir MK, Hasan M, Paul BK, Ahmed K, El-Khozondar HJ, Amiri I. High birefringent, low loss and flattened dispersion asymmetric slotted core-based photonic crystal fiber in THz regime international. J Mod Phys B. 2019;33:1950218.10.1142/S0217979219502187Search in Google Scholar

20. Nielsen MD, Jacobsen C, Mortensen NA, Folkenberg JR, Simonsen HR. Low-loss photonic crystal fibers for transmission systems and their dispersionproperties. Opt Express. 2004;12:1372–6.10.1364/OPEX.12.001372Search in Google Scholar

21. Shen LP, Huang WP, Jian SS. Design and optimization of photoniccrystalfibers for broadband dispersion compensation. IEEE Photon Technol Lett. 2003;15:540–2.10.1109/LPT.2003.809322Search in Google Scholar

22. Gruner-Nielsen L, Knudsen SN, Edvold B, Veng T, Magnussen D, Larsen CC, et al. Dispersion compensating fibers. Opt Fiber Technol. 2000;23:3566.10.1006/ofte.1999.0324Search in Google Scholar

23. Li SG, Liu XD, Hou LT. Numerical study on dispersion compensating property in photonic crystal fibers. Acta Phys Sin. 2004;53:1880–6.10.7498/aps.53.1880Search in Google Scholar

24. Tan ZW, Ning TG, Liu Y, Tong Z, Jian SS. Suppression of the interactions between fibre gratings used as dispersion compensators in dense wave-lengthdivision multiplexing systems. Chin Phys. 2006;15:1819.10.1088/1009-1963/15/8/032Search in Google Scholar

25. Ni Y, Zhang L, An L, Peng J, Fan CC. Dual-core photonic crystal fiber for dispersion compensation, Photon. Technol Lett. 2004;16:1516–8.10.1109/LPT.2004.827108Search in Google Scholar

26. Poli F, Cucinotta A, Selleri S, Bouk AH. Ailoring of flattened dispersion in highly nonlinear photonic crystal fibers. IEEE Photon Technol Lett. 2004;16:1065–7.10.1109/LPT.2004.824624Search in Google Scholar

27. Gérôme F, Auguste JL, Blondy JM. Design of dispersion-compensating fibers based on a dualconcentric-core photonic crystal fiber. Opt Lett. 2004;29:2725–7.10.1364/OL.29.002725Search in Google Scholar

28. Poletti F, Finazzi V, Monro TM, Broderick NG, Tse V, Richardson DJ. Inverse design and fabricationtolerances of ultra-flattened dispersion holey fibers. Opt Express. 2005;13:3728–36.10.1364/OPEX.13.003728Search in Google Scholar

29. Razzak SM, Namihira Y. Tailoring dispersion and confinement losses of photonic crystal fibers using hybrid cladding. J Lightwave Technol. 2008;26:1909–13.10.1109/JLT.2008.922323Search in Google Scholar

30. Roberts PJ, Mangan BJ, Sabert H, Couny F, Birks TA, Knight JC, et al. Control ofdispersion in photonic crystal fibers. J Opt Fiber Commun Rep. 2005;2:435–61.10.1007/s10297-005-0058-9Search in Google Scholar

31. Reeves WH, Knight JC, Russell PS. Demonstration of ultra-flattened dispersion in photoniccrystal fibers. Opt Express. 2002;10:609–13.10.1364/OE.10.000609Search in Google Scholar

32. Etheshami N, Sathi V. A novel dispersion compensation square -lattice photonic crystal fiber. Opt Quant Elect. 2012;44:323–35.10.1007/s11082-012-9541-8Search in Google Scholar

33. Saitoh K, Koshiba M. Full-vectorial imaginary distance beam propagation method based on a finite element scheme: Application to photonic crystal fibers. IEEE J Quantum Electron. 2002;38:927–33.10.1109/JQE.2002.1017609Search in Google Scholar

34. Begum F, Namihira Y, Razzak SM, Zou N. Novel square photonic crystal fibers with ultra-flattened chromatic dispersion and low confinement losses. IEICE Trans Electron. 2007;E90-C:607–12.10.1093/ietele/e90-c.3.607Search in Google Scholar

35. Kaneshima K, Namihira Y, Zou N, Higa H, Nagata Y. Numerical investigations of octagonal photonic crystal fibers with strong confinement field. IEICE Trans Electron. 2006;E89-C:830–7.10.1093/ietele/e89-c.6.830Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2020-01-28
Accepted: 2020-02-24
Published Online: 2020-03-19

© 2020 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

Scroll Up Arrow