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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published online by De Gruyter January 12, 2021

High birefringence and broadband dispersion compensation photonic crystal fiber

  • Md. Mahbub Hossain EMAIL logo , Md. Shamim Ahsan , Niloy Sikder , Md. Ekhlasur Rahaman , Abdullah Al-Mamun Bulbul and Himadri Shekhar Mondal


We propose a perfectly square lattice photonic crystal fiber (PCF) which shows high birefringence and negative dispersion. To set up high asymmetry in the core, dual line imperfection is considered where the fill fraction ratio and defect air hole diameter exhibit significant impact on dispersion and birefringence. Numerical analyses of guiding properties of the proposed PCF are done using finite element method with perfectly matched layer boundary condition from 1.2 to 1.8 μm wavelength. The optimized square lattice PCF presents high birefringence of 2.48 × 10−2 and dispersion of −777.66 (ps/ at 1.55 μm wavelength. In addition, the proposed PCF offers ultra-low confinement and insertion loss at 1.55 μm wavelength. Moreover, −0.45 (ps/ dispersion slope and 0.0045 nm−1 relative dispersion slope are observed at 1.55 μm wavelength. Additionally, the proposed PCF maintains dispersion and birefringence variation of ±30 (ps/ and ±0.00001 between 1.5 and 1.6 μm wavelength ranges, respectively. Furthermore, the proposed PCF shows high quality factor and low bit error rate at 10 dBm input power. We believe the proposed square lattice PCF can be deployed in wavelength division multiplexing based optical fiber transmission system for wide-band dispersion compensation.

Corresponding author: Md. Mahbub Hossain, Electronics and Communication Engineering Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna, Bangladesh, E-mail:

  1. Author contribution: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  2. Research funding: None declared.

  3. Conflict of interest statement: The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding this article.


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Received: 2020-06-19
Accepted: 2020-12-07
Published Online: 2021-01-12

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