Accessible Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published online by De Gruyter May 20, 2021

Technical specifications and spectral performance characteristics of dispersion flattened fiber (DFF) in optical fiber systems

Mahmoud M. A. Eid, Vishal Sorathiya, Sunil Lavadiya, Ahmed Helmy and Ahmed Nabih Zaki Rashed ORCID logo

Abstract

This work has clarified the technical specifications and spectral performance characteristics of dispersion flattened fiber (DFF) in optical fiber systems. Effective nonlinear refractive index and first, second order polarization mode dispersion against spectral wavelength with fiber length of 1000 m and coupling length of 20 m are simulated and demonstrated. Total DFF fiber losses/dispersion performance parameters are investigated and simulated by using OptiFiber simulation. Zero DFF fiber dispersion and its dispersion slope are demonstrated clearly in details. The dominant modes and the cutoff data theoretical values based these modes for the proposed DFF fiber is determined and simulated in a clear manner.


Corresponding author: Ahmed Nabih Zaki Rashed, Electronics and Electrical Communications Engineering Department, Faculty of Electronic Engineering, Menoufia University, Menouf32951, Egypt, E-mail:

  1. Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  2. Research funding: None declared.

  3. Conflict of interest statement: The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding this article.

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100. Eid, MMA, Zaki Rashed, AN, Sultan Ahammad, M, Paul, BK, Ahmed, K. The effects of Tx./Rx. pointing errors on the performance efficiency of local area optical wireless communication networks. J Opt Commun 2020 Feb 10. https://doi.org/10.1515/joc-2019-0256 [Epub ahead of print]. Search in Google Scholar

101. Eid, MMA, El-Hamid, HSA, Zaki Rashed, AN. High-speed fiber system capacity with bidirectional Er-Yb CDFs based on differential phase shift keying (DPSK) modulation technique. J Opt Commun 2020 Feb 15. https://doi.org/10.1515/joc-2021-0001 [Epub ahead of print]. Search in Google Scholar

102. Eid, MMA, Ibrahim, A, Zaki Rashed, AN. In line and post erbium-doped fiber amplifiers with ideal dispersion compensation fiber Bragg grating for upgrading optical access networks. J Opt Commun 2020 Feb 16. https://doi.org/10.1515/joc-2020-0306 [Epub ahead of print]. Search in Google Scholar

103. Eid, MMA, Helmy, A, Zaki Rashed, AN. Chirped Gaussian pulse propagation with various data rates transmission in the presence of group velocity dispersion (GVD). J Opt Commun 2020 Feb 16. https://doi.org/10.1515/joc-2020-0307 [Epub ahead of print]. Search in Google Scholar

104. Habib, A, Zaki Rashed, AN, El-Hageen, HM, Alatwi, AM. Extremely sensitive photonic crystal fiber–based cancer cell detector in the terahertz regime. Plasmonics 2020 Feb 23. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11468-021-01409-6 [Epub ahead of print]. Search in Google Scholar

105. Shafkat, A, Zaki Rashed, AN, El-Hageen, HM, Alatwi, AM. Design and analysis of a single elliptical channel photonic crystal fiber sensor for potential malaria detection. J Sol Gel Sci Technol 2020 Feb 23. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10971-021-05490-5 [Epub ahead of print]. Search in Google Scholar

106. MMA Eid, AN Zaki Rashed. Fixed scattering section length with variable scattering section dispersion based optical fibers for polarization mode dispersion penalties. Indones J Electr Eng Comput Sci 2021;21:1540–7. https://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v21.i3.pp1540-1547. Search in Google Scholar

107. MMA Eid, AS Seliem, AN Zaki Rashed, AE-NA Mohammed, MY Ali, and SS Abaza. High sensitivity sapphire FBG temperature sensors for the signal processing of data communications technology. Indones J Electr Eng Comput Sci 2021;21:1567–74. https://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v21.i3.pp1567-1574. Search in Google Scholar

108. MMA Eid, AS Seliem, AN Zaki Rashed, AE-NA Mohammed, MY Ali, and SS Abaza. High modulated soliton power propagation interaction with optical fiber and optical wireless communication channels. Indones J Electr Eng Comput Sci 2021;21:1575–83. https://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v21.i3.pp1575-1583. Search in Google Scholar

109. Singh, M, Malhotra, J. 4×20 Gbit/s-40 GHz OFDM based radio over FSO transmission link incorporating hybrid wavelength division multiplexing-mode division multiplexing of LG and HG modes with enhanced detection. Optoelectron Adv Mat Rapid Commun 2020;14:233–43. Search in Google Scholar

110. Singh, M, Malhotra, J. 40 Gbit/s-80 GHz hybrid MDM-OFDM-multibeam based RoFSO transmission link under the effect of adverse weather conditions with enhanced detection. Optoelectron Adv Mat Rapid Commun 2019;14:146–53. Search in Google Scholar

111. Al-Khaffaf, DAJ, Rashid Hujijo, HS. High data rate optical wireless communication system using millimeter wave and optical phase modulation. ARPN J Eng Appl Sci 2018;13:9086–92. Search in Google Scholar

112. Zaki Rashed, AN. High reliability optical interconnections for short range applications in high speed optical communication systems. J Opt Laser Technol 2013;48:302–8. Search in Google Scholar

113. Zaki Rashed, AN. High performance photonic devices for multiplexing/demultiplexing applications in multi band operating regions. J Comput Theor Nanosci 2012;9:522–31. Search in Google Scholar

114. Zaki Rashed, AN, Sharshar, HA. Analysis of transmission line feed method for transparent conductor oxide materials based optical microstrip patch antennas design. Optoelectron Adv Mat Rapid Commun 2012;6:980–7. Search in Google Scholar

115. Zaki Rashed, AN, Metwae’e, MA. Operation performance characteristics of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSELs) under high thermal neutrons irradiated fields. J Russ Laser Res 2013;34:1–8. Search in Google Scholar

116. Zaki Rashed, AN. Optical fiber communication cables systems performance under harmful gamma irradiation and thermal environment effects. IET Commun 2013;7:448–55. Search in Google Scholar

117. Zaki Rashed, AN, Mohamed, M, El-halawany, E. Transmission characteristics evaluation under bad weather conditions in optical wireless links with different optical transmission windows. Wireless Pers Commun 2013;71:1577–95. Search in Google Scholar

118. Zaki Rashed, AN, Sharshar, H, Performance evaluation of short range underwater optical wireless communications for different ocean water types. Wireless Pers Commun 2013:72:693–708. Search in Google Scholar

119. Zaki Rashed, AN. Performance signature and optical signal processing of high speed electro-optic modulators. Opt Commun 2013;294:49–58. Search in Google Scholar

120. Rashed, ANZ, Metwae’e, MA. Maximization of repeater spacing in ultra wide-wavelength-division multiplexing optical communication systems based on multi pumped laser diodes. J Russ Laser Res 2013;34:255–61. Search in Google Scholar

121. Zaki Rashed, AN. High efficiency wireless optical links in high transmission speed wireless optical communication networks. Int J Commun Syst 2014;27:3416–27. Search in Google Scholar

122. Zaki Rashed, AN, Saad, AE-FA. Different electro-optical modulators for high transmission-data rates and signal-quality enhancement. J Russ Laser Res 2013;34:336–45. Search in Google Scholar

123. Zaki Rashed, AN. High efficiency laser power transmission with all optical amplification for high transmission capacity submarine cables. J Russ Laser Res 2013;34:603–13. Search in Google Scholar

124. Zaki Rashed, AN. Submarine fiber cable network systems cost planning considerations with achieved high transmission capacity and signal quality enhancement. Opt Commun 2014;311:44–54. Search in Google Scholar

125. Zaki Rashed, AN, Mohamed, AE–NA, Metawe’e, MA. New trends of transmission capacity evaluation of submarine fiber cable systems with different ultra-high multiplexing, amplification and propagation techniques. Arabian J Sci Eng 2014;39:945–56. Search in Google Scholar

126. Zaki Rashed, AN. Optical network management and its performance evaluation for both future cost planning and triple play solutions. Wireless Pers Commun 2014;75:2005–20. Search in Google Scholar

127. Zaki Rashed, AN, Metawe’e, MA. Optical filters dimensions and thermal operation conditions impact on its transmission considerations in near infrared (NIR) optical spectrum transmission region. Optoelectron Adv Mat Rapid Commun 2014;8:175–84. Search in Google Scholar

128. Zaki Rashed, AN, Mohammed, A-EA, Dardeer, OMA. Performance evaluation of a WDM/OCDM based hybrid optical switch utilizing efficient resource allocation. Chin Opt Lett 2014;12:050602. Search in Google Scholar

129. Zaki Rashed, AN. Optical wireless communication systems operation performance efficiency evaluation in the presence of different fog density levels and noise impact. Wireless Pers Commun 2015;81:427–44. Search in Google Scholar

130. Delwar, TS, Siddique, A, Ranjan Biswal, M, Zaki Rashed, AN, Jana Jee, A, Ryu, Y. Novel multi-user MC-CSK modulation technique in visible light communication. Opt Quant Electron 2021 Apr 3. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11082-021-02784-4 [Epub ahead of print]. Search in Google Scholar

131. Eid, MMA, Zaki Rashed, AN, Delwar, TS, Siddique, A, Youl Ryu, J. Linear/cubic measured pulse numerically with electrical jitter amplitude variations for the impact on fiber communication systems. J Opt Commun 2021 Mar 9. https://doi.org/10.1515/joc-2020-0301 [Epub ahead of print]. Search in Google Scholar

132. Eid, MMA, El-Meadawy, S, Mohammed, AE-NA, Zaki Rashed, AN. Wavelength division multiplexing developed with optimum length-based EDFA in the presence of dispersion-compensated fiber system. J Opt Commun 2021 Mar 9. https://doi.org/10.1515/joc-2020-0302 [Epub ahead of print]. Search in Google Scholar

133. Eid, MMA, Sorathiya, V, Lavadiya, S, Ahasan Habib, M, Helmy, A, Zaki Rashed, AN. Dispersion compensation FBG with optical quadrature phase shift keying (OQPSK) modulation scheme for high system capacity. J Opt Commun 2021 Mar 9. https://doi.org/10.1515/joc-2021-0022 [Epub ahead of print]. Search in Google Scholar

134. Eid, MMA, Sorathiya, V, Lavadiya, S, Shehata, E, Zaki Rashed, AN. Free space and wired optics communication systems performance improvement for short-range applications with the signal power optimization. J Opt Commun 2021 Mar 15. https://doi.org/10.1515/joc-2020-0304 [Epub ahead of print]. Search in Google Scholar

135. Eid, MMA, Zaki Rashed, AN. Numerical simulation of long-period grating sensors (LPGS) transmission spectrum behavior under strain and temperature effects. Sens Rev 2021 Mar 22. https://doi.org/10.1108/SR-10-2020-0248 [Epub ahead of print]. Search in Google Scholar

136. Eid, MMA, Zaki Rashed, AN. Basic FBG apodization functions effects on the filtered optical acoustic signal. Indones J Electr Eng Comput Sci 2021;22:287–96. https://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v22.i1.pp287-296. Search in Google Scholar

137. Eid, MMA, El-Meadawy, S, Mohammed, AE-NA, Zaki Rashed, AN. High data rates in optic fiber systems based on the gain optimization techniques. J Opt Commun 2021 Apr 2. https://doi.org/10.1515/joc-2021-0017 [Epub ahead of print]. Search in Google Scholar

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Received: 2021-03-06
Accepted: 2021-05-05
Published Online: 2021-05-20

© 2021 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston