To develop a predictive model for assessing the risk of developing neonatal respiratory morbidity using lamellar body counts (LBCs) and gestational age (GA) to provide a more patient-specific assessment.
Retrospective cohort study of patients’ ≥32 weeks’ gestation who received amniocentesis with LBC analysis over a 9-year period. Respiratory morbidity was defined as respiratory distress syndrome, transient tachypnea of the newborn or oxygen requirement for >24 h. Logistic regression analyses were used to predict the absolute risk and odds of respiratory morbidity as a function of GA and lamellar body count.
Two hundred and sixty-seven mother-infant pairs included in the analysis with 32 cases (12.0%) of respiratory morbidity. When compared to those without respiratory morbidity, neonates with respiratory morbidity had amniocentesis performed at an earlier median GA, had lower mean birthweight and had lower median LBC (P<0.01). The GA specific absolute risks and odds ratios for the presence of respiratory morbidity were calculated. The predicted absolute risks of neonatal respiratory morbidity ranged from 38% at 32 weeks to 6% at 40 weeks when LBC were 35,000/μL.
GA specific predicted risk of neonatal respiratory morbidity using LBC provides a statistical model, which can aid clinicians in individually counseling patients regarding the absolute risk of their neonate developing respiratory morbidity.
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The authors stated that there are no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this article.
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