Classical karyotyping and copy-number variation sequencing (CNV-seq) are useful methods for the prenatal detection of chromosomal abnormalities. Here, we examined the potential of using a combination of the two methods for improved and accurate diagnosis.
From February 2013 to January 2018, 64 pregnant women showing indications for fetal chromosomal examination in the affiliated hospital of the Inner Mongolia Medical University were selected for this study. Amniotic fluid was collected and used for karyotype analysis and CNV-seq.
Karyotype analysis of the 64 cases showed that six cases (9.38%) had chromosomal abnormalities. Using CNV-seq, in addition to three cases with numerical abnormalities of chromosomes, 14 cases were detected with CNV, of which five were pathogenic CNV, four were of uncertain clinical significance and five were polymorphic CNV. However, CNV-seq failed to detect one case with sex chromosome mosaicism and a balanced translocation carrier. The rate of abnormal chromosome and CNV detection was 26.56% (17/64) by CNV-seq.
Application of CNV-seq in prenatal diagnosis could allow the detection of submicroscopic chromosomal abnormalities and effectively reduce the birth of children with microdeletion and microduplication syndrome. Additionally, the combined application of karyotype analysis and CNV-seq can effectively improve the detection rate of chromosome abnormalities.
Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.
Research funding: This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (81660542) and the Inner Mongolia Natural Science Fund (2018MS08091).
Employment or leadership: None declared.
Honorarium: None declared.
Competing interests: The funding organization(s) played no role in the study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; or in the decision to submit the report for publication.
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