Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter February 2, 2010

Loss of FHR variability diagnosed by frequency analysis

Kazuo Maeda and Takashi Nagawawa
From the journal


Aims: To determine the loss of fetal heart rate (FHR) baseline variability by frequency analysis.

Methods: The FHR tracings of 12 normal fetuses and others with various conditions, as well as flat FHR tracings of a late deceleration (LD) and anencephaly recorded with Doppler fetal monitors, were scanned and processed using fast Fourier transform (FFT) analysis. The ratio of the area under the low frequency spectrum divided by the area under the whole spectrum (La/Ta) and the peak power spectrum density (PPSD) were determined.

Results: Long-term variability (LTV) measures >10 bpm revealed significantly more La/Ta and PPSD than LTV <10 bpm in normal FHR tracings. The La/Ta and PPSD were >15% and 60 bpm2/Hz, respectively, in representative values of normal FHR cases and in those of fetal respiration, hiccupps and non-reactive FHR, whereas those of the flat baseline of LD and anencephaly were <15% and 60 bpm2/Hz.

Conclusion: Loss of baseline variability is diagnosed when the La/Ta ratio and PPSD are <15% and 60 bpm2/Hz, respectively, based on the FFT frequency analysis of the FHR baseline.

Corresponding author: Kazuo Maeda, MD, PhD Nadamachi 3–125 Yonago Tottoriken 683-0835 Japan Tel./fax: +81-859-22-6856

Received: 2009-9-18
Revised: 2009-10-7
Accepted: 2009-10-20
Published Online: 2010-02-02
Published Online: 2010-02-2
Published in Print: 2010-03-01

©2010 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin New York