Combinatorial/probabilistic models for cross-country dual-meets are proposed. The first model assumes that all runners are equally likely to finish in any possible order. The second model assumes that each team is selected from a large identically distributed population of potential runners and with each potential runner’s ranking determined by the initial draw from the combined population.
We thank the anonymmous referee for pointing out the Wilcoxon rank-sum statistic as well as many other references.
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