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Die neue Auffassung der Metaphysik als reine Philosophie in der Inauguraldissertation und ihre propädeutische Bedeutung im Rahmen der Entwicklungsgeschichte der Kritik der reinen Vernunft

Fernando Moledo
From the journal Kant-Studien

Abstract:

In the Critique of Pure Reason, Kant criticizes Baumgarten’s definition of metaphysics as the science of the first principles of human knowledge (Metaphysica § 1). He maintains that this definition doesn’t consider the distinction between sensible and pure knowledge. Instead of this definition, Kant provides a new one in the first Critique: metaphysics is the system of pure reason (KrV, A 841/B 869). This definition is first anticipated eleven years before in the Inaugural Dissertation, where metaphysics is defined as pure philosophy (MSI, AA 02: 411). Kant presents the Dissertation as a proof of the propaedeutic that must precede metaphysics, and so anticipates the idea that will be fully developed in the Critique of Pure Reason. In this paper, I will argue that the new definition of metaphysics in the Inaugural Dissertation must be seen as the text’s very important result, establishing the Dissertation’s status as a propaedeutic to metaphysics and as a specific step in the development of the Critique of Pure Reason.

Online erschienen: 2016-9-27
Erschienen im Druck: 2016-9-27

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