Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter May 12, 2022

Frictional wear characteristics of nickel-based alloy and reactor material in pressure vessel reactor

Wei Zhang, Hanbo Lin, Jun Tao, Chunhua Bian, Minglei Hu, Feng Xu and Linjun Xie
From the journal Kerntechnik

Abstract

The reactor pressure vessel was contact sealed with a double-channel O-ring made of Inconel 718 alloy and nuclear power material SA508. The fretting wear characteristics of Inconel 718 O-tube and SA508 plate friction pair were tested by fretting wear testing machine to explore the failure mechanism of reactor pressure vessel seal system. The test conditions are as follows: normal temperature, normal loads of 10, 20, and 40 N, displacement amplitude of 600 μm, the number of cycles of 10,000, and frequency of 4 Hz. Results show that the coefficient of friction (COF) increased with increasing normal force. Significant material losses were detected during the relative sliding of the contact surface of SA508. A large number of abrasive dust accumulated at the edge of the contact zone, forming a large number of oxides. During the friction of Inconel 718 O-ring, plastic deformation occurred, and a plastic flow layer was formed. The plastic deformation flow at the contact point formed an adhesive connection point, producing adhesive wear and oxidative wear. The wear mechanism was characterized by the combination of oxidative wear and abrasive wear.


Corresponding author: Linjun Xie, College of Mechanical Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014, China, E-mail:

Funding source: National Natural Science Foundation of China

Award Identifier / Grant number: 51605437

  1. Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  2. Research funding: This work was funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China (51605437).

  3. Conflict of interest statement: The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding this article.

References

Arman, A., Farshid, S., and Steve, S. (2018). In-situ friction and fretting wear measurements of Inconel 617 at elevated temperatures. Wear 410–411: 110–118.Search in Google Scholar

Cai, L.X., Ye, Y.M., and Zuo, G. (2005). High-temperature flattening elastic-plastic behavior of Inconel 718 alloy O-ring. J. Shanghai Jiaot. Univ. 05: 818–822, https://doi.org/10.1161/01.res.0000163631.07205.fb.Search in Google Scholar

Chung, I. and Lee, M. (2011). An experimental study on fretting wear behavior of cross-contacting Inconel 690 tubes. Nucl. Eng. Des. 241: 4103–4110, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nucengdes.2011.08.024.Search in Google Scholar

GB/T 228.1–2010 (2010). Tensile test of metallic materials part 1: test methods at room temperature. China Standard Press, China.Search in Google Scholar

Kim, G.H., Lee, Y.S., and Yang, H.L. (2021). Experimental verification of newly proposed design of metal O-ring seal. Vacuum 184: 109942, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vacuum.2020.109942.Search in Google Scholar

Kumar, S.A., Raman, S., Narayanan, T., and Gnanamoorthy, R. (2012). Fretting wear behaviour of surface mechanical attrition treated alloy 718. Surf. Coating. Technol. 206: 4425–4432, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2012.04.085.Search in Google Scholar

Lai, P., Gao, X., Tang, L., Guo, X., and Zhang, L. (2018). Effect of temperature on fretting wear behavior and mechanism of alloy 690 in water. Nucl. Eng. Des. 327: 51–60, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nucengdes.2017.12.007.Search in Google Scholar

Li, J. and Lu, Y.H. (2013). Effects of displacement amplitude on fretting wear behaviors and mechanism of Inconel 600 alloy. Wear 304: 223–230, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2013.04.027.Search in Google Scholar

Liu, Y.J. and Wu, G.F. (2019). Research on leakage model of metal O-ring seal structure. Lubric. Eng. 44: 19–24, https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.0254-0150.2019.09.004.Search in Google Scholar

Ma, M. and Lu, Y.H. (2012). Fretting wear performance of Inconel 625. Tribology 32: 458–465.Search in Google Scholar

Mi, X., Bai, X.M., Tang, P., Xie, H., Peng, J.-F., and Zhu, M.-H. (2020). The role of the third body in the fretting wear of 690 alloy. Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 34: 2050077, https://doi.org/10.1142/s0217979220500770.Search in Google Scholar

Ming, X., Liu, L., Zhang, Z., Wang, J., and Han, E.-H. (2018). Effect of normal force on the fretting wear behavior of Inconel 690 TT against 304 stainless steel in simulated secondary water of pressurized water reactor. Tribol. Int. 126: 133–143, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.triboint.2018.05.020.Search in Google Scholar

Niu, Z., Zhou, W., Wang, C., Cao, Z., Yang, Q., and Fu, X. (2021). Fretting wear mechanism of plasma-sprayed CuNiIn coating on Ti-6Al-4V substrate under plane/plane contact. Surf. Coating. Technol. 408: 126794, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2020.126794.Search in Google Scholar

Shen, M., Peng, X., Xie, L., Meng, X., and Li, X. (2016). Deformation characteristics and sealing performance of metallic O-rings for a reactor pressure vessel. Nucl. Eng. Technol. 48: 533–544, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.net.2015.11.009.Search in Google Scholar

SJ/T 1542–2020 (2020). Method for chemical analysis of nickel and nickel alloy for vacuum tubes. China Standard Press, China.Search in Google Scholar

Song, X., Jie, Y., Wei, W., and Li, J. (2021). Research on life distribution of hydraulic seal O-ring based on covariate. J. Phys. Conf. 1903: 012055, https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1903/1/012055.Search in Google Scholar

Soria, S.R., Claramonte, S., and Yawny, A. (2021). Evolution of fretting wear with the number of cycles on Inconel 690 steam generator tubes against AISI 420 steel under gross slip conditions. Tribol. Int. 155: 106803, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.triboint.2020.106803.Search in Google Scholar

Wang, Z., Xu, J., Li, J., Xin, L., Lu, Y., Shoji, T., Takeda, Y., Otsuka, Y., and Mutoh, Y. (2018). The synergy of corrosion and fretting wear process on Inconel 690 in the high temperature high pressure water environment. J. Nucl. Mater. 502: 255–262, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.02.021.Search in Google Scholar

Wei, X., Sheng, L., Li, H., Xu, X., Peng, J., Gou, G., and Zhu, M. (2020). The effect of oxygen pressure on the fretting wear of titanium alloys. Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 34: 2050128, https://doi.org/10.1142/s0217979220501283.Search in Google Scholar

Weijtjens, W., Stang, A., Devriendt, C., and Schaumann, P. (2021). Bolted ring flanges in offshore-wind support structures – in-situ validation of load-transfer behaviour. J. Constr. Steel Res. 176: 106361, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2020.106361.Search in Google Scholar

Xin, L., Wang, Z.H., Li, J., Lu, Y., and Shoji, T. (2016). Microstructural characterization of subsurface caused by fretting wear of Inconel 690TT alloy. Mater. Char. 115: 32–38, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchar.2016.03.010.Search in Google Scholar

Yang, S., Cai, Z.B., Chen, Z.Q., Qian, H., Tang, L.-C., Xie, Y., Zhou, Z.R., and Zhu, M.-H. (2017). Impact fretting wear of Inconel 690 tube with different supporting structure under cycling low kinetic energy. Wear 376–377: 625–633, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2017.01.011.Search in Google Scholar

Yao, B., Cai, L.X., and Jiang, Y.N. (2012). Research on springback behavior of O-shaped metal sealing ring of pressure vessel. Chin. Test 38: 25–27.Search in Google Scholar

Yun, J.Y., Park, M.C., Shin, G.S., and Heo, J.H. (2014). Effects of amplitude and frequency on the wear mode change of Inconel 690 SG tube mated with SUS 409. Wear 313: 83–88, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2014.02.019.Search in Google Scholar

Yu, W.W., Cai, L.X., and Ye, Y.M. (2006). Springback properties of Inconel718 alloy O-ring. Eng. Mech. 23: 142–147.Search in Google Scholar

Zhen, J., Li, F., Zhu, S., Ma, J., Qiao, Z., Liu, W., and Yang, J. (2014). Friction and wear behavior of nickel-alloy-based high temperature self-lubricating composites against Si3N4 and Inconel 718. Tribol. Int. 75: 1–9, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.triboint.2014.03.005.Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2021-08-30
Published Online: 2022-05-12
Published in Print: 2022-06-27

© 2022 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston