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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter February 14, 2022

Radioactive waste treatment technology: a review

Gunjanaporn Tochaikul ORCID logo, Archara Phattanasub, Piyatida Khemkham, Kanjanaporn Saengthamthawee, Nuttapong Danthanavat and Nutthapong Moonkum
From the journal Kerntechnik


Radioactive waste is generated from activities that utilize nuclear materials such as nuclear medicine or power plants. Depending on their half-life, they emit radiation continuously, ranging from seconds to millions of years. Exposure to ionizing radiation can cause serious harm to humans and the environment. Therefore, special attention is paid to the management of radioactive waste in order to deal with its large quantity and dangerous levels. Current treatment technologies are still being developed to improve efficiency in reducing the hazard level and waste volume, to minimize the impact on living organisms. Thus, the aim of this study was to provide an overview of the global radioactive waste treatment technologies that have been released in 2019–2021.

Corresponding author: Gunjanaporn Tochaikul, Faculty of Radiological Technology, Rangsit University, 52/347 Lak Hok, Mueang Pathum Thani District, Pathum Thani 12000, Thailand, E-mail:

Funding source: Thailand Institute of Nuclear Technology

Award Identifier / Grant number: TINT to University


We would like to thank the staffs of Faculty of Radiological Technology, Rangsit University, Thailand for suggestions which helped improvement of the information in this paper. Finally, I would like to thank our co-authors who gather ideas and helped throughout the work.

  1. Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  2. Research funding: We are very grateful to the Thailand Institute of Nuclear Technology, TINT for financial support.

  3. Conflict of interest statement: The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding this article.


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Received: 2021-09-27
Published Online: 2022-02-14
Published in Print: 2022-04-26

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