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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter April 25, 2022

Thermal hydraulic characteristics of silicon irradiation in a typical MTR reactor

Said M. A. Ibrahim, Abdelfatah Abdelmaksoud and W. Helal
From the journal Kerntechnik


In this work, a three-dimensional study is conducted for silicon ingot irradiation facility in a typical MTR reactor. The silicon ingot heat generation is allowed to change around its nominal value in the range of 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1.0, and 1.25 W/g. The dimensionless clearance ratio ζ between the ingot and the outer casing is changed for values of 0.01, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15, and 0.2. The computational fluid dynamics code ANSYS FLUENT is employed to carry out these calculations. The temperature profile inside the silicon ingot during irradiation is of significant importance for uniform doping. Therefore, the impact of Rayleigh number and dimensionless clearance ratio ζ on the radial and axial temperature profiles through the ingot is reported. A best estimate correlation for the silicon irradiation facility global Nusselt number in terms of Rayleigh and dimensionless clearance ratio is presented. The dimensionless clearance ratio ζ value of 0.05 gives the best thermal hydraulic performance. Comparison with the available experimental correlations in the literature shows good agreement.

Corresponding author: Abdelfatah Abdelmaksoud, Reactors Department, Nuclear Research Center, Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority, Cairo, Egypt, E-mail:

  1. Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  2. Research funding: None declared.

  3. Conflict of interest statement: The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding this article.


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Received: 2022-01-13
Published Online: 2022-04-25
Published in Print: 2022-06-27

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