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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter October 14, 2022

A sustainable solution to ensure the dependently and safety of electrical grid relying on optimal allocation of UPFC for research reactor

Yasser M. Ammar EMAIL logo , Adel A. Elbaset , Ahmed S. Adail and Sayed El. Araby
From the journal Kerntechnik


The dependently of the electrical grid is critical key point to safety of the nuclear research reactor (NRR) operation. This paper provides an optimization approach relying on optimal allocation of UPFC device to obtain higher electrical power quality of such nuclear facilities. The particle swarm optimization (PSO) technique was used to address the optimal UPFC allocation problem. The suggested approach is applied to the IEEE 33-bus test system, and results reveal that the suggested PSO is more efficient in minimizing total power losses and enhancing voltage profile using only one of UPFC device. The results show the technique is good method in this case.

Corresponding author: Yasser M. Ammar, Egypt Second Research Reactor (ETRR-2), Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority (EAEA), Cairo, Egypt, E-mail:

  1. Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  2. Research funding: None declared.

  3. Conflict of interest statement: The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding this article.


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Received: 2022-06-04
Published Online: 2022-10-14
Published in Print: 2022-12-16

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