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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter August 7, 2020

The Machinery of International Law and Democratic Backsliding: The Problem of Term Limits

  • Tom Ginsburg EMAIL logo


Our era is one of democratic backsliding. International courts and institutions have provided some bulwark against this trend, but we are now witnessing leaders seeking to use international law to extend their power. Courts in several countries have relied on international human rights norms to facilitate term limit extensions by leaders seeking to retain power beyond what is constitutionally allowed. This Article documents these cases and calls for a more robust and substantive international law of democracy-protection.

Corresponding author: Tom Ginsburg, University of Chicago Law School, Chicago, IL, USA, E-mail:

Published Online: 2020-08-07
Published in Print: 2020-05-26

© 2020 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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