Dictionaries are only marginally involved in the formation of ideologies. However, they reflect the values that are typical of individual epochs, and help to consolidate and spread ideological concepts. The analysis of dictionaries therefore has considerable heuristic potential for illustrating different forms of ideologies in their linguistic expression. The present paper exemplarily sheds light on the relationship of ideology and lexicography from a German and Romance point of view. It starts with 17th-century academy dictionaries, which mirror the elitist social realities of the time, and goes on with reflections on taboo vocabulary, feminine job titles and the lexical influence of English on French.
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