This paper presents a first approach to the complex topic of “exclusion by language” in dialect lexicography using the example of the Franconian Dictionary (WBF). Particular difficulties arise in the analysis, since the lexemes, as the result of indirect questionnaire surveys, often appear without a pragmatic context. It is shown how this problem can be partly compensated for by the context of the question and sometimes by comments of the respondents. Nevertheless, analysing the attitudes of dialect speakers requires a sensitive approach, as evaluations may differ depending on the variety and within a given time period. The fact that exclusion by language and negative stereotyping are documented in various forms in the WBF is shown by some analyses based on the lexemes Zigeuner (‘gypsy’), Neger (‘negro’) and Gastarbeiter (‘guest worker’). These differ in terms of their historical depth, which correlates with a differently pronounced discrimination potential of the lexemes in the dialect. Finally, the example of WBF is used to problematise how historically burdened lexemes can be documented lexicographically.
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