Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter Mouton November 9, 2020

Outlining a grammaticalization path for the Spanish formula en plan (de): A contribution to crosslinguistic pragmatics

Paula Rodríguez-Abruñeiras EMAIL logo
From the journal Linguistics

Abstract

This article discusses the diachronic development of the Spanish multifunctional formula en plan (with its variant en plan de, literally ‘in plan (of)’ but usually equivalent to English like). The article has two main aims: firstly, to describe the changes that the formula has undergone since its earliest occurrences as a marker in the nineteenth century up to the early 21st century. The diachronic study evinces a process of grammaticalization in three steps: from noun to clause adverbial and then to discourse marker. Secondly, to conduct a contrastive analysis between en plan (de) and the English markers like and kind of/kinda so as to shed new light on the potential existence of a universal pathway of grammaticalization in the emergence of discourse markers.


Corresponding author: Paula Rodríguez-Abruñeiras, IULMA/Department of English and German, Universitat de València, Avda. Blasco Ibañez, 32, E-46010 València, Spain, E-mail:

References

Aijmer, Karin. 1997. I think – An English modal particle. In Toril Swam & Olaf J. Westvik (eds.), Modality in Germanic languages. Historical and comparative perspectives, 1–47. Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter.10.1515/9783110889932.1Search in Google Scholar

Aijmer, Karin. 2002. English discourse particles: Evidence from a corpus. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins.10.1075/scl.10Search in Google Scholar

Andersen, Gisle. 2001. Pragmatic markers and sociolinguistic variation: A relevance-theoretic approach to the language of adolescents (Pragmatics & beyond new series 84). Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins.10.1075/pbns.84Search in Google Scholar

Barth-Weingarten, Dagmar & Elizabeth Couper-Kuhlen. 2002. On the development of final though: A case of grammaticalization? In Ilse Wischer & Gabriele Diewald (eds.), New reflections on grammaticalization, 345–361. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins.10.1075/tsl.49.22barSearch in Google Scholar

Blakemore, Diane. 2004. Discourse markers. In Laurence R. Horn & Gregory Ward (eds.), The handbook of pragmatics, 221–240. Malden, MA & Oxford: Blackwell.10.1002/9780470756959.ch10Search in Google Scholar

Brinton, Laurel J. 1996. Pragmatic markers in English: Grammaticalization and discourse functions. Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter.10.1515/9783110907582Search in Google Scholar

Brinton, Laurel J. 2002. Grammaticalization versus lexicalization reconsidered. On the late use of adverbs. In Teresa Fanego, María José López-Couso & Javier Pérez-Guerra (eds.), English historical syntax and morphology, 67–98. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins.10.1075/cilt.223.07briSearch in Google Scholar

Brinton, Laurel J. 2005. Processes underlying the development of pragmatic markers. The case of (I) say. In Janne Skaffari, Matti Peikola, Ruth Carroll, Risto Hiltunen & Brita Wårvik (eds.), Opening windows on texts and discourses of the past (Pragmatics & beyond new series 134), 279–299. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins.10.1075/pbns.134.23briSearch in Google Scholar

Brinton, Laurel J. 2006. Pathways in the development of pragmatic markers in English. In Ans Van Kemenade & Bettelou Los (eds.), The handbook of the history of English, 307–334. Oxford: Blackwell.10.1002/9780470757048.ch13Search in Google Scholar

Brinton, Laurel J. 2007. The development of I mean: Implications for the study of historical pragmatics. In Susan Fitzmaurice & Irma Taavitsainen (eds.), Methods in historical pragmatics, 37–80. Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter.10.1515/9783110197822.37Search in Google Scholar

Brinton, Laurel J. 2010. Discourse markers. In Andreas H. Jucker & Irma Taavitsainen (eds.), Handbooks of pragmatics: Historical pragmatics, 285–314. Berlin & New York: De Gruyter Mouton.10.1515/9783110214284.5.285Search in Google Scholar

Brinton, Laurel J. 2017. The evolution of pragmatic markers in English: Pathways of change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/9781316416013Search in Google Scholar

Cifuentes Honrubia, José Luis. 2003. Locuciones prepositivas. Sobre la gramaticalización preposicional en español. Alicante: Publicaciones Universidad de Alicante.Search in Google Scholar

Cornillie, Bert. 2015. Más allá de la epistemicidad. Las funciones discursivas de los adverbios epistémicos y evidenciales en el español conversacional. Spanish in Context 12(1). 120–139. https://doi.org/10.1075/sic.12.1.07cor.Search in Google Scholar

Cornillie, Bert. 2018. On speaker commitment and speaker involvement. Evidence from evidentials in Spanish talk-in-interaction. Journal of Pragmatics 128. 161–170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2017.11.014.Search in Google Scholar

Crible, Ludivine & Maria-Josep Cuenca. 2017. Discourse markers in speech: Characteristics and challenges for corpus annotation. Dialogue and Discourse 8(2). 149–166. https://doi.org/10.5087/dad.2017.207.Search in Google Scholar

D’Arcy, Alexandra. 2017. Discourse-pragmatic variation in context: Eight hundred years of like. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins.10.1075/slcs.187Search in Google Scholar

De Smet, Hendrik & Jean-Christophe Verstraete. 2006. Coming to terms with subjectivity. Cognitive Linguistics 17(3). 365–392. https://doi.org/10.1515/cog.2006.011.Search in Google Scholar

Defour, Tine. 2010. The semantic-pragmatic development of well from the viewpoint of (inter)subjectification. In Kristin Davidse, Lieven Vandelanotte & Hubert Cuyckens (eds.), Subjectification, intersubjectification and grammaticalization, 155–195. Berlin & New York: De Gruyter Mouton.10.1515/9783110226102.2.155Search in Google Scholar

Degand, Liesbeth & Jacqueline Evers-Vermeul. 2015. Grammaticalization or pragmaticalization of discourse markers? More than a terminological issue. Journal of Pragmatics 16(1). 59–85. https://doi.org/10.1075/jhp.16.1.03deg.Search in Google Scholar

Dér, Csilla Ilona. 2010. On the status of discourse markers. Acta Linguistics Hungarica 57(1). 3–28. https://doi.org/10.1556/aling.57.2010.1.1.Search in Google Scholar

Diewald, Gabriele. 2002. A model for relevant types of contexts in grammaticalization. In Ilse Wischer & Gabriele Diewald (eds.), New reflections on grammaticalization, 103–120. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins.10.1075/tsl.49.09dieSearch in Google Scholar

Diewald, Gabriele. 2006. Discourse particles and modal particles as grammatical elements. In Kerstin Fischer (ed.), Approaches to discourse particles (Studies in pragmatics 1), 403–425. Amsterdam: Elsevier.10.1163/9780080461588_022Search in Google Scholar

Diewald, Gabriele. 2011a. Pragmaticalization (defined) as grammaticalization of discourse functions. Linguistics 49(2). 365–390. https://doi.org/10.1515/ling.2011.011.Search in Google Scholar

Diewald, Gabriele. 2011b. Grammaticalization and pragmaticalization. In Heiko Narrog & Bernd Heine (eds.), The oxford handbook of grammaticalization, 450–461. Oxford: Oxford University Press.10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199586783.013.0036Search in Google Scholar

Diewald, Gabriele & Elena Smirnova. 2012. ‘Paradigmatic integration’: The fourth stage in an expanded grammaticalization scenario. In Kristin Davidse, Tine Breban, Lieselotte Brems & Tanja Mortelmans (eds.), Grammaticalization and language change: New reflections, 111–133. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins.10.1075/slcs.130.05dieSearch in Google Scholar

Fanego, Teresa. 2010. Paths in the development of elaborative discourse markers: Evidence from Spanish. In Kristin Davidse, Lieven Vandelanotte & Hubert Cuyckens (eds.), Subjectification, intersubjectification and grammaticalization, 197–237. Berlin & New York: De Gruyter Mouton.10.1515/9783110226102.2.197Search in Google Scholar

Fleischman, Suzanne & Marina Yaguello. 2004. Discourse markers across languages. Evidence from English and French. In Carol Lynn Moder & Aida Martinovic-Zic (eds.), Discourse analysis across languages and cultures, 129–147. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins.10.1075/slcs.68.08fleSearch in Google Scholar

Fraser, Fraser. 1996. Pragmatic markers. Pragmatics 6(2). 167–190. https://doi.org/10.1075/prag.6.2.03fra.Search in Google Scholar

Gómez Torrego, Leonardo. 1995. El léxico en el español actual: Uso y norma. Madrid: Arco.Search in Google Scholar

González Saavedra, Berta. 2010. Procesos de gramaticalización. Estudio de la formación adverbial latina y romance. Los sustantivos en ablativo mente y modo como sufijos para la formación de adverbios. Diálogos de La Lengua 2. 86–97.Search in Google Scholar

Heine, Bernd. 1993. Auxiliaries: Cognitive forces and grammaticalization. New York & Oxford: Oxford University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Heine, Bernd. 2002. On the role of context in grammaticalization. In Ilse Wischer & Gabriele Diewald (eds.), New reflections on grammaticalization, 83–101. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins.10.1075/tsl.49.08heiSearch in Google Scholar

Hopper, Paul J. 1991. On some principles of grammaticization. In Elizabeth Closs Traugott & Bernd Heine (eds.), Approaches to grammaticalization, vol. I: Focus on theoretical and methodological issues, 17–35. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins.10.1075/tsl.19.1.04hopSearch in Google Scholar

Hopper, Paul J. & Elizabeth Closs Traugott. 2003 [1993]. Grammaticalization, 2nd edn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/CBO9781139165525Search in Google Scholar

Iglesias Botrán, Ana María. 2006. Chats como factor de cambio lingüístico en la lengua francesa. Asociación de Jóvenes Lingüistas 21. 503–509.Search in Google Scholar

Jørgensen, Annette Myre. 2009. En plan used as a hedge in Spanish teenage language. In Anna-Brita Stenström & Annette Myre Jørgensen (eds.), Youngspeak in a multilingual perspective, 95–115. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins.10.1075/pbns.184.08jorSearch in Google Scholar

König, Ekkehard & Detlef Stark. 1991. The treatment of function words in a new bilingual German-English dictionary. In Werner Abraham (ed.), Discourse particles, 303–328. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins.10.1075/pbns.12.10konSearch in Google Scholar

Langacker, Ronald Wayne. 1977. Syntactic reanalysis. In Charles N. Li (ed.), Mechanisms of syntactic change, 57–139. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.10.7560/750357-005Search in Google Scholar

Lehmann, Christian. 1985. Synchronic variation and diachronic change. Lingua e Stile 20(3). 303–318.Search in Google Scholar

Lehmann, Christian. 2002 [1995]. Thoughts on grammaticalization, 2nd edn. Munich & Newcastle: Lincom Europa.10.26530/OAPEN_603353Search in Google Scholar

López-Couso, María José. 2010. Subjectification and intersubjectification. In Andreas H. Jucker & Irma Taavitsainen (eds.), Historical pragmatics (Handbooks of pragmatics 8), 127–163. Berlin & New York: De Gruyter Mouton.10.1515/9783110214284.3.127Search in Google Scholar

López-Couso, María José. 2016. Continuing the dialogue between corpus linguistics and grammaticalization theory: Three case studies. Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory 12. 7–29. https://doi.org/10.1515/cllt-2015-0069.Search in Google Scholar

López-Couso, María José & Elena Seoane. 2017. Grammaticalisation. In Anne Barron, Gerard Steen & Gu Yueguo (eds.), Routledge handbook of pragmatics, 277–292. London: Routledge.10.4324/9781315668925-22Search in Google Scholar

Loureiro-Porto, Lucía. 2012. On the relationship between subjectification, grammaticalization and constructions. Journal of Historical Pragmatics 13(2). 232–258. https://doi.org/10.1075/jhp.13.2.03lou.Search in Google Scholar

Margerie, Hélène. 2010. On the rise of (inter)subjective meaning in the grammaticalization of kind of/kinda. In Kristin Davidse, Lieven Vandelanotte & Hubert Cuyckens (eds.), Subjectification, intersubjectification and grammaticalization, 315–346. Berlin & New York: De Gruyter Mouton.10.1515/9783110226102.3.315Search in Google Scholar

Mayans i Planells, Joan. 2002. De la incorrección normativa en los chats. Revista de Investigación Lingüística 5(2). 101–116.Search in Google Scholar

Moliner, María. 1966. Diccionario de uso del español. Madrid: Gredos.Search in Google Scholar

Moliner, María. 2007 [1966]. Diccionario de uso del español, 3rd edn. Madrid: Gredos.Search in Google Scholar

Moreno Cabrera, Juan C. 1998. On the relationship between grammaticalization and lexicalization. In Anna Giacalone Ramat & Paul J. Hopper (eds.), The limits of grammaticalization, 211–227. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins.10.1075/tsl.37.10morSearch in Google Scholar

Newmeyer, Frederick J. 1998. Language form and language function. Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology.Search in Google Scholar

Ocampo, Francisco. 2006. Movement towards discourse is not grammaticalization: The evolution of claro from adjective to discourse particle in spoken Spanish. In Nuria Sagarra & Almeida Jacqueline Toribio (eds.), Selected proceedings of the 9th Hispanic linguistics symposium, 308–319. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.Search in Google Scholar

Palacios Martínez, Ignacio Miguel. 2014. The quotative system in Spanish and English youth talk. A contrastive corpus-based study. Miscelánea: A Journal of English and American Studies 49. 95–114.Search in Google Scholar

Pavón Lucero, María Victoria. 2003. Sintaxis de las partículas. Madrid: Visor Libros.Search in Google Scholar

Penadés Martínez, Inmaculada. 2005. Diccionario de locuciones adverbiales para la enseñanza del español. Madrid: Arco Libros.Search in Google Scholar

Pfenninger, Simone E. 2009. Grammaticalization paths of English and High German existential constructions: A corpus-based study. Bern & Berlin: Peter Lang.Search in Google Scholar

Pinto de Lima, José. 2002. Grammaticalization, subjectification and the origin of phatic markers. In Ilse Wischer & Gabriele Diewald (eds.), New reflections on grammaticalization, 363–378. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins.10.1075/tsl.49.23pinSearch in Google Scholar

Portilla Chaves, Mario. 2011. El origen de las preposiciones en español. Filología y Lingüística 37(1). 229–244. https://doi.org/10.15517/RFL.V37I1.2356.Search in Google Scholar

Quirk, Randolph, Sidney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech & Jan Svartvik. 1985. A comprehensive grammar of the English language. London: Longman.Search in Google Scholar

Real Academia Española. 2019. Diccionario de la lengua española (DLE). Available at: http://dle.rae.es/?w=diccionario.Search in Google Scholar

Rodríguez-Abruñeiras, Paula. 2020. ‘Me vais a permitir que me ponga en plan profesor’: Las funciones de en plan de en un estudio de corpus. Revista Española de Lingüística Aplicada/Spanish Journal of Applied Linguistics (RESLA). 33(1). 278–301. https://doi.org/10.1075/resla.17061.rod.Search in Google Scholar

Schiffrin, Deborah. 1987. Discourse markers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/CBO9780511611841Search in Google Scholar

Seco, Manuel, Olimpia Andrés & Gabino Ramos. 1999. Diccionario del español actual (DEA). Madrid: Aguilar.Search in Google Scholar

Seco, Manuel, Olimpia Andrés & Gabino Ramos. 2011 [1999]. Diccionario del español actual (DEA), 2nd edn. Madrid: Aguilar.Search in Google Scholar

Sweetser, Eve. 1990. From etymology to pragmatics: Metaphorical and cultural aspects of semantic structure. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/CBO9780511620904Search in Google Scholar

Tagliamonte, Sali A. 2016. Teen talk: The language of adolescents. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/CBO9781139583800Search in Google Scholar

Traugott, Elizabeth Closs. 1997 [1995]. The role of the development of discourse markers in a theory of grammaticalization. In Paper presented at international conference on historical linguistics (ICHL XII), Manchester 1995. Available at: https://web.stanford.edu/~traugott/papers/discourse.pdf.Search in Google Scholar

Traugott, Elizabeth Closs. 2003a. From subjectification to intersubjectification. In Raymond Hickey (ed.), Motives for language change, 124–139. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/CBO9780511486937.009Search in Google Scholar

Traugott, Elizabeth Closs. 2003b. Constructions in grammaticalization. In Brian Joseph & Richard Janda (eds.), The handbook of historical linguistics, 624–647. Oxford: Blackwell.10.1002/9780470756393.ch20Search in Google Scholar

Traugott, Elizabeth Closs. 2010. (Inter)subjectivity and (inter)subjectification: A reassessment. In Kristin Davidse, Lieven Vandelanotte &Hubert Cuyckens (eds.), Subjectification, intersubjectification and grammaticalization, 29–71. Berlin & New York: De Gruyter Mouton.10.1515/9783110226102.1.29Search in Google Scholar

Traugott, Elizabeth Closs & Richard B. Dasher. 2002. Regularity in semantic change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/CBO9780511486500Search in Google Scholar

Traugott, Elizabeth Closs & Graeme Trousdale. 2013. Constructionalization and constructional change. Oxford: Oxford University Press.10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679898.001.0001Search in Google Scholar

Wichmann, Anne, Anne-Marie Simon-Vandenbergen & Karin Aijmer. 2010. How prosody reflects semantic change: A synchronic case study of of course. In Kristin Davidse, Lieven Vandelanotte & Hubert Cuyckens (eds.), Subjectification, intersubjectification and grammaticalization, 103–154. Berlin & New York: De Gruyter Mouton.10.1515/9783110226102.2.103Search in Google Scholar

Published Online: 2020-11-09
Published in Print: 2020-11-25

© 2020 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

Downloaded on 9.12.2022 from https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/ling-2020-0229/html
Scroll Up Arrow