Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter Mouton July 11, 2019

Adnominal conditionals in German

Andreas Blümel
From the journal Linguistics Vanguard

Abstract

In this short paper I give a description of salient structural and semantic properties of adnominal conditional clauses in German, drawn from online corpora (cf. Lasersohn 1996 for the English counterpart). Facts from prosody tentatively indicate, and from Binding, DP-internal distribution and extraposition more distinctively suggest, the paper’s main conclusion: Syntactically, adnominal conditionals behave like restrictive relative clauses. I sketch a recent analysis by Frana (2017), which captures important semantic properties of the construction. A restrictor analysis of conditional clauses can be retained and indeed fits snugly with the fact that only intensional nouns co-occur with, e.g. can be modified by, adnominal conditionals.

Acknowledgments

I am grateful to Mingya Liu for her efforts in this endeavour and to two anonymous reviewers. All mistakes are my responsibility.

References

Bhatt, Rajesh & Roumyana Pancheva. 2006. Conditionals. In Martin Everaert and Henk van Riemsdijk (eds.), The blackwell companion to syntax, Volume v, 638–687. Blackwell. Search in Google Scholar

Blühdorn, Hardarik. 2013. Syntaktische Nebensatzklassen im Deutschen. Pandaemonium 16(21). 149–218. Search in Google Scholar

Caponigro, Ivano & Maria Polinsky. 2011. Relative embeddings: A Circassian puzzle for the syntax/semantics interface. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 29. 71–122. Search in Google Scholar

Chomsky, Noam. 1981. Lectures on government and binding: The pisa lectures. Mouton de Gruyter. Search in Google Scholar

de Cuba, Carlos. 2017. Noun complement clauses as referential modifiers. Glossa: A Journal of General Linguistics 2(3). 1–46. Search in Google Scholar

Dehé, Nicole. 2009. Clausal parentheticals, intonational phrasing, and prosodic theory. Journal of Linguistics 45. 569–615. Search in Google Scholar

Frana, Ilaria. 2017. Modality in the nominal domain: The case of adnominal conditionals. In Ana Arregui, María L. Rivero, and Andrés Salanova (eds.), Modality across syntactic categories, Volume 63 of Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics, 49–69. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Frey, Werner & Kerstin Schwabe. 2012/2013. Handout, winter term. Manuscript, ZAS Berlin. Search in Google Scholar

Haegeman, Liliane. 2003. Conditional clauses: External and internal syntax. Mind and Language 18(4). 317–339. Search in Google Scholar

Hall, David & Ivano Caponigro. 2010. On the semantics of temporal when-clauses. In Proceedings of Semantics and Linguistic Theory, Volume 20, 544–563. Search in Google Scholar

Heim, Irene. 1982. The semantics of definite and indefinite noun phrases. Ph. D. thesis, University of Massachusetts. Search in Google Scholar

Hinterwimmer, Stefan. 2008. If vs. when, wenn vs. als: Microvariation in the semantics of conditional and temporal complementizers in English and German. In Emily Elfner and Martin Walkow (eds.), Proceedings of the 37th Conference of the North Eastern Linguistic Society (NELS) 37. Amherst, University of Massachusetts: GLSA Publications. Search in Google Scholar

Jęedrzejowski, Łukasz. 2016. On ‘falls’-clauses in German. Synchronic and diachronic observations. Talk at the workshop ‘The internal and external syntax of adverbial clauses’, ZAS Berlin. Search in Google Scholar

Kiss, Tibor. 2005. Semantic constraints on relative clause extraposition. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 23. 281–334. Search in Google Scholar

Kratzer, Angelika. 1986. Conditionals. In Proceedings of the Chicago Linguistic Society Volume 22, 1–15. Search in Google Scholar

Lasersohn, Peter. 1996. Adnominal conditionals. Semantics and Linguistic Theory 6. 154–166. Search in Google Scholar

Lewis, David. 1975. Adverbs of quantification. In Edward L. Keenan (ed.), Formal semantics of natural language, 3–15. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Liu, Mingya. 2018. Speaker commitment of different dimensions: conditional connectives and polarity items. Talk at the Linguistics and Philosophy Workshop. Department of Linguistics, University of Chicago. Search in Google Scholar

Ott, Dennis. 2010. Varieties of VP-Fronting. Manuscript Harvard University. Search in Google Scholar

Reis, Marga & Angelika Wöllstein. 2010. Zur Grammatik (vor allem) konditionaler V1-Gefüge im Deutschen. Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft 29(1). 111–179. Search in Google Scholar

Sternefeld, Wolfgang. 2008. Syntax, Eine morphologisch motivierte generative Beschreibung des Deutschen. Stauffenburg. Search in Google Scholar

van Fintel, Kai & Sabine Iatridou. 2001. On the interaction of modals, quantifiers, and if–Clauses. Manuscript, MIT. Search in Google Scholar

Zifonun, Gisela, Ludger Hoffmann, Bruno Strecker & Joachim Ballweg. 1997. Grammatik der deutschen Sprache. Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter. Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2018-08-30
Accepted: 2019-03-05
Published Online: 2019-07-11

© 2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston