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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter September 4, 2013

New records of pigmentation disorders in molossid and phyllostomid (Chiroptera) bats from Peru

Carlos Tello, Daniel G. Streicker, Jorge Gomez and Paúl M. Velazco
From the journal Mammalia

Abstract

Pigmentation disorders, either from the complete absence (albinism), partial (leucism), or excess (melanism) of melanin, are rare in vertebrates. Worldwide, only a few records of these disorders had been reported for bats. Thanks to recent fieldwork and examination of museum specimens of the collections of the AMNH and MUSM, we report five species with those conditions in Peru. In this study, we report the first cases of leucism in Artibeus anderseni, Chiroderma trinitatum, and Desmodus rotundus and partial melanism in Carollia perspicillata. Additionally, we report the first record of an albino bat (Molossus molossus) for Peru.


Corresponding author: Carlos Tello, Programa de Investigación, Yunkawasi, Av. Mariscal Castilla 582, Lima 33, Perú; and Programa de Conservación de Murciélagos del Perú, Lima, Peru, e-mail:

Acknowledgments

We thank all the participants of the “International Bat Course 2012” organized by CEBIO. Special thanks are for the course organizer, Erika Paliza. The following curators and collection staff graciously provided access to the specimens under their care: Nancy B. Simmons and Eileen Westwig, AMNH; Erika Paliza, CEBIO; and Víctor Pacheco, MUSM. We are grateful to Marco Tschapka for the live photographs of the albino Molossus molossus and Kerry Kline and two anonymous reviewers for reading and improving early versions of this report. Funding for this project was provided to PMV by the Gerstner and Roosevelt postdoctoral fellowships at the American Museum of Natural History, by NSF grant DEB 0949859 to Nancy B. Simmons, National Geographic Grant CRE-4-17-07 to DGS and NSF grant DEB-1020966 to Sonia Altizer and Pejman Rohani.

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Received: 2013-2-4
Accepted: 2013-7-31
Published Online: 2013-9-4
Published in Print: 2014-5-1

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