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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter February 19, 2014

Density estimation of leopard cat Prionailurus bengalensis using capture-recaptures sampling in lowland forest of Pakke Tiger Reserve, Arunachal Pradesh, India

  • Muthamizh Selvan , Salvador Lyngdoh , Govindan Veeraswami Gopi EMAIL logo and Bilal Habib
From the journal Mammalia


In this study, we estimated leopard cat abundance and density using photographic capture-recapture methods. The leopard cat, Prionailurus bengalensis, is a common spread small cat in Asia, which is mainly nocturnal and solitary in nature. It occurs in across a range of habitat types. The study was conducted in Pakke Tiger Reserve (PTR) 26°54′–27°16′N, 92°36′–93°09′E), which lies in the eastern Himalayan state of Arunachal Pradesh (27°29′–29°23′N 94°02′–95°15′E) and covers an area of 862 km2. Population status and abundance estimates were made through individual identification using camera trapping combined with mark-recapture methods. A total of 900 trap nights yielded seven leopard cat individuals, with 16 left flank and nine right flanks. The population abundance was 7±1.0 and the density was 3.2 individuals/100 km2. Estimated probability of capture, p-hat=0.15. Program closure test indicates that closure assumption was not violated in the study. Our density estimates (3.21) seems to be low as the leopard cat shares resources with five other small cats in the area.

Corresponding author: Govindan Veeraswami Gopi, Wildlife Institute of India, Chandrabani, Dehradun 248 001, India, e-mail:


We thank Mr P. R. Sinha, Director of WII and Dr V. B. Mathur, Dean FWS of WII for providing the Institutional support. In particular, GVG would like to thank Drs. A.J.T. Johnsingh, S.K. Dutta, Bhaskar Acharya, Claudio Sillero-Zubiri for their support. We thank the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India for funding our research. We thank the Department of Environment and Forests, Government of Arunachal Pradesh for permissions and field support. Our special thanks to Mr. Tana Tapi, DFO Pakke Tiger Reserve and respective range officers of Tippi, Seijosa ranges and Elephant Mohout’s. We are grateful to field assistants, Joli Weli and Manas Hazarika for their support.


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Received: 2013-5-15
Accepted: 2014-1-7
Published Online: 2014-2-19
Published in Print: 2014-11-1

©2014 by De Gruyter

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