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Dynamics of species composition of small non-volant mammals from the northern Cordillera Central of Colombia

Camilo Sánchez-Giraldo and Juan F. Díaz-Nieto
From the journal Mammalia

Abstract

On the basis of our recent fieldwork and historical records, we document the diversity of small non-volant mammals in the northern end of Cordillera Central of Colombia, an important region in the context of vertebrate biodiversity. From February 2004 to February 2006, we completed mammal surveys in three localities at the department of Antioquia, with elevations ranging from 1650 to 2000 m. We recorded a total of 14 species: three marsupials, one shrew, one heteromyid, and nine sigmodontinae rodents, including three species endemic in Cordillera Central. The rodents Heteromys australis, Nephelomys pectoralis, and Rhipidomys latimanus were recorded in all localities. Nephelomys pectoralis was captured in all surveys and was the most abundant species. Nearby historical records exist for 16 species, seven of which were not captured during our surveys. The community of small mammals in the northern Cordillera Central has species richness similar or higher than that in other Andean localities with a broader elevational range. We show that small mammal communities from middle elevations are a mixture of middle elevation endemics and highland species, but with little contribution from the lowlands. Finally, the occurrence of endemic and threatened species in this region suggests its importance from a conservational and biogeographical standpoint for small terrestrial mammals.


Corresponding author: Camilo Sánchez-Giraldo, Grupo Mastozoología y Colección Teriológica, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia; and Calle 70 No. 52-21, Medellín, Antioquia, Colombia AA 1226, e-mail:

Acknowledgments

We sincerely thank the campesinos of finca Costa Rica in Amalfi, finca La Linda and finca Villanueva in Yarumal, and finca Chaquiral in Anorí for letting us live in their homes and providing us the necessary field support for our work. We thank colleagues and friends who selflessly helped us in fieldwork: Juliana Cardona-Duque, Jorge Gonzalez, David Marín, Juan D. Sanchez, Ursula Herrera, and Lina M. Arcila. We acknowledge our friend Carlos A. Delgado-V for providing us unpublished data of his Amalfi fieldwork in June 2004 and Bibiana Gómez Valencia for giving us access to her unpublished undergraduate research project. Sergio Solari provided comments to an early version of the original manuscript. We are grateful to two reviewers, and especially to Bruce D. Patterson who carefully read the original manuscript and gave insightful comments for its improvement. Fieldwork of this research was funded through “Iniciativa para las Especies Amenazadas” of Fundación Omacha and Conservation International-Colombia, The Youth Activity Fund Grant of the Explorers Club-NY, partial grant of the Organization for Tropical Studies (OTS), and the local environmental authority Corporación Autónoma Regional del Centro de Antioquia-CORANTIOQUIA. J.F.D. is currently supported by a Francisco José de Caldas Fellowship from the Colombian department of science, technology, and innovation (COLCIENCIAS).

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Supplemental Material

The online version of this article (DOI:10.1515/mammalia-2014-0018) offers supplementary material, available to authorized users.

Received: 2014-2-16
Accepted: 2014-8-22
Published Online: 2014-9-23
Published in Print: 2015-11-1

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