Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter June 1, 2015

Is the knowledge of bat distribution in the Atlantic Rainforest sufficient? Comments about new findings and a case study in the Paraná State coastal area, Brazil

  • Luiz H. Varzinczak ORCID logo EMAIL logo , Itiberê Piaia Bernardi and Fernando C. Passos
From the journal Mammalia


This study aimed to utilize data of recent studies of bats surveying in the Atlantic Rainforest to evaluate the degree of knowledge of bat distribution in this biome. Data of new records or range extension of species published between 2010 and 2013 were compared among Brazilian biomes. We also utilized a case study in the Paraná State coastal area, southern Brazil, which was considered of low priority for bat inventories but had new records reported recently. The Atlantic Rainforest showed the highest number of papers with new information about bat distribution in Brazil. The number of bat species for this biome reaches 117. In the past 10 years, 11 new records have been reported for the Paraná State coastal area, increasing the bat richness by 33%. Our findings suggest that we do not know sufficiently the bat distribution across the Atlantic Rainforest. In such a hotspot for biodiversity conservation, it may be dangerous to establish low-priority areas for inventories, especially when an almost unique and biased survey method has been used.


This research was conducted while Luiz H. Varzinczak was supported by Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq), which provided a scholarship for his scientific initiation. CNPq also provided a grant to Fernando C. Passos (303757/2012-4). Itiberê Piaia Bernardi received from Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) a scholarship for his doctorate degree.


Aguiar, P.A., A.G. Chiarello, S.L. Mendes and E.N. Matos. 2003. The Central and Serra do Mar corridors in the Brazilian Atlantic forest. In: (C. Galindo-Leal and I.G. Câmara, eds.) The Atlantic forest of South America: biodiversity status, threats, and outlook. Island Press, Washington, DC. pp. 118–132.Search in Google Scholar

Althoff, S.L. 1997. Análise da ocorrência da família Emballonuridae (Mammalia-Chiroptera) para o Estado do Paraná, Brasil. Est. Biol. 42: 25–31.Search in Google Scholar

Alvarez, C.A., J.L. Stape, P.C. Sentelhas, J.L.M. Gonçalves and G. Sparovek. 2012. Köppen’s climate classification map for Brazil. Meteorol. Z. 22: 711–728.10.1127/0941-2948/2013/0507Search in Google Scholar

Bernard, E. 2001. Vertical stratification in bat communities in primary forests of central Amazon, Brazil. J. Trop. Ecol. 17: 115–126.10.1017/S0266467401001079Search in Google Scholar

Bernard, E., L.M.S. Aguiar and R.B. Machado. 2011. Discovering the Brazilian bat fauna: a task for two centuries? Mammal Rev. 41: 23–39.10.1111/j.1365-2907.2010.00164.xSearch in Google Scholar

Bernard, E., J.L. Nascimento and L.M.S. Aguiar. 2013. Flagging a species as threatened: the case of Eptesicus taddeii, an endemic bat from the Brazilian Atlantic forest. Biota Neotrop. 13: 314–318.10.1590/S1676-06032013000200032Search in Google Scholar

Bernardi, I.P., J.M.D. Miranda, J. Sponchiado, E. Grotto, F.F. Jacomassa, E.M. Teixeira, S.H. Roani and F.C. Passos. 2009. Morcegos de Frederico Westphalen, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil (Mammalia: Chiroptera): riqueza e utilização de abrigos. Biota Neotrop. 9: 349–354.10.1590/S1676-06032009000300029Search in Google Scholar

Bianconi, G.V., R. Gregorin and D.C. Carneiro. 2009. Ampliação da distribuição de Nyctinomops aurispinosus (Molossidae) no Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 9: 267–270.10.1590/S1676-06032009000200026Search in Google Scholar

Bordignon, M.O. 2001. Padrão de atividade, comportamento de forrageio, dieta, reprodução e coloração da pelagem em Noctilio leporinus (Chiroptera, Noctilionidae) na Baía de Guaratuba, Paraná. Ph.D. Dissertation, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil. pp. 90.Search in Google Scholar

Brito, J.E.C. 2011. Morcegos do Parque Estadual do Pico Marumbi: frugivoria e germinação de sementes. Master Thesis, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil. pp. 65.Search in Google Scholar

Carvalho, F., V. Mottin, J.M.D. Miranda and F.C. Passos. 2014. First record of Vampyrodes caraccioli (Thomas, 1889) (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) for the state of Paraná, and range extension to southern region of Brazil. Check List 10: 1189–1194.10.15560/ in Google Scholar

Cerboncini, R.A.S., C.M. Mochi Jr, L.M. Tiepolo and F.C. Passos. 2014a. New records of the red-rumped mouse Juliomys pictipes (Osgood, 1933) (Rodentia: Sigmodontinae) in coastal Atlantic forest of Paraná, southern Brazil. Biotemas 27: 159–164.10.5007/2175-7925.2014v27n1p159Search in Google Scholar

Cerboncini, R.A.S., T.B. Zanata, W.L. Cunha, A.M. Rorato, A.S. Calefi, M. R. Sbeghen, R. Macagnan, K.C. Abreu, M.A. Ono and F.C. Passos. 2014b. Distribution extension of Abrawayaomys ruschii Cunha and Cruz, 1979 (Rodentia: Cricetidae) with the first records in the state of Paraná, southern Brazil. Check List 10: 660–662.10.15560/10.3.660Search in Google Scholar

Dala-Rosa, S. 2004. Morcegos (Chiroptera, Mammalia) de um remanescente de restinga, Estado do Paraná, Brasil: ecologia da comunidade e dispersão de sementes. Master Thesis, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil. pp. 128.Search in Google Scholar

Dias, D., C.E.L. Esbérard and R. Moratelli. 2013. A new species of Lonchophylla (Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae) from the Atlantic forest of southeastern Brazil, with comments on L. bokermanni. Zootaxa 3722: 347–360.10.11646/zootaxa.3722.3.4Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Esbérard, C.E.L. and H.G. Bergallo. 2005. Research on bats in the state of Rio de Janeiro, southeastern Brazil. Mastozool. Neotrop. 12: 237–243.Search in Google Scholar

Fenton, M.B., L. Acharyia, D. Audet, M.B. Hickey, C. Merriman, M.K. Obrist and D.M. Syme. 1992. Phyllostomid bats as indicators of habitat disruption in the neotropics. Biotropica 24: 440–446.10.2307/2388615Search in Google Scholar

Fonseca, G.A.B. 1985. The vanishing Brazilian Atlantic Rainforest. Biol. Conserv. 34: 17–34.10.1016/0006-3207(85)90055-2Search in Google Scholar

Gardner, A.F. 2007. Order Chiroptera. In: (A.F. Gardner, ed.) Mammals of South America. Volume I. Marsupials, xernarthrans, shrews and bats. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL. pp. 187–580.Search in Google Scholar

Gazarini, J. and I.P. Bernardi. 2007. Mammalia, Chiroptera, Molossidae, Molossops neglectus: first record in the state of Paraná, Brazil. Check List 3: 123–125.10.15560/3.2.123Search in Google Scholar

Gregorin, R., K.L. Vasconcellos and B.B. Gil. 2015. Two new range records of bats (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) for the Atlantic forest, eastern Brazil. Mammalia 79: 121–124.10.1515/mammalia-2013-0142Search in Google Scholar

Handley, C.O. 1989. The Artibeus of gray 1838. In: (K.H. Redford and J.F. Eisenberg, eds.) Advances in neotropical mammalogy. The Sandhill Crane Press, Gainesville, FL. pp. 443–468.Search in Google Scholar

IBGE: Instituto brasileiro de geografia e estatística. 2004. Mapa de biomas brasileiros. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Escala 1:5.000.000.Search in Google Scholar

Kaku-Oliveira, N.Y. 2010. Estrutura de comunidade, reprodução e dinâmica populacional de morcegos (Mammalia, Chiroptera) na Reserva Natural do Salto Morato, Guaraqueçaba, Paraná. Master Thesis, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil. pp. 109.Search in Google Scholar

Kalko, E.K.V. 1998. Organisation and diversity of tropical bat communities through space and time. Zoology 101: 281–297.Search in Google Scholar

Kalko, E.K.V and C.O. Handley. 2001. Neotropical bats in the canopy: diversity, community structure, and implications for conservation strategies. Plant Ecol. 153: 319–333.10.1007/978-94-017-3606-0_26Search in Google Scholar

Maack, R. 2012. Geografia física do estado do Paraná. Editora UEPG, Ponta Grossa, PR, Brazil. pp. 528.Search in Google Scholar

Medellin, R.A., M. Equihua and M.A. Amin. 2000. Bat diversity and abundance as indicators of disturbance in neotropical rainforests. Conserv. Biol. 14: 1666–1675.10.1111/j.1523-1739.2000.99068.xSearch in Google Scholar

Mello, M.A.R. 2009. Temporal variation in the organization of a neotropical assemblage of leaf-nosed bats (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae). Acta Oecol. 35: 280–286.10.1016/j.actao.2008.11.008Search in Google Scholar

Miranda, J.M.D., I.P. Bernardi and F.C. Passos. 2006. A new species of Eptesicus (Mammalia: Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) from the Atlantic forest, Brazil. Zootaxa 1383: 57–68.10.11646/zootaxa.1383.1.4Search in Google Scholar

Miranda, J.M.D., I.P. Bernardi, F. Carvalho and F.C. Passos. 2011. Novos dados distribucionais do morcego recém descrito Eptesicus taddeii (Vespertilionidae). Chiropt. Neotrop. 16: 672–674.Search in Google Scholar

Miretzki, M. 2003. Morcegos do estado do Paraná, Brasil (Mammalia, Chiroptera): riqueza de espécies, distribuição e síntese do conhecimento atual. Pap. Avulsos Zool. 43: 101–138.10.1590/S0031-10492003000600001Search in Google Scholar

Moratelli, R. and D.E. Wilson. 2013. Distribution and natural history of Myotis lavali (Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae). J. Mammal. 94: 650–656.10.1644/12-MAMM-A-257.1Search in Google Scholar

Moratelli, R., A.L. Peracchi, D. Dias and J.A. Oliveira. 2011. Geographic variation in South American populations of Myotis nigricans (Schinz, 1821) (Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae) with the description of two new species. Mammal. Biol. 76: 592–607.10.1016/j.mambio.2011.01.003Search in Google Scholar

Myers, N., R.A. Mittermeier, C.G. Mittermeier, G.A.B. Fonseca and J. Kent. 2000. Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature 403: 853–845.10.1038/35002501Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Nogueira, M.R., I.P. Lima, A.L. Peracchi and N.B. Simmons. 2012. New genus and species of nectar-feeding bat from the Atlantic forest of Southeastern Brazil (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae: Glossophaginae). Am. Mus. Novit. 3747: 1–30.10.7934/P761Search in Google Scholar

Nogueira, M.R., I.P. Lima, R. Moratelli, V.C. Tavares, R. Gregorin and A.L. Peracchi. 2014. Checklist of Brazilian bats, with comments on original records. Check List 10: 808–821.10.15560/10.4.808Search in Google Scholar

O’Farrell, M. J. and W.L. Gannon. 1999. Qualitative identification of free-flying bats using the Anabat detector. J. Mammal. 80: 11–23.10.2307/1383203Search in Google Scholar

Oliveira-Filho, A.T. and M.A.L. Fontes. 2000. Patterns of floristic differentiation among Atlantic forests in Southeastern Brazil and the influence of climate. Biotropica 32: 793–810.10.1111/j.1744-7429.2000.tb00619.xSearch in Google Scholar

Paglia, A.P., G.A.B. Fonseca, A.B. Rylands, G. Herrmann, L.M.S. Aguiar, A.G. Chiarello, Y.L.R. Leite, L.P. Costa, S. Siciliano, C.M. Kierulff, S.L. Mendes, V.C. Tavares, R.A. Mittermeier and J.L. Patton. 2012. Lista anotada dos mamíferos do Brasil. Occas. Pap. Conserv. Biol. 6: 1–76.Search in Google Scholar

Passos, F.C., J.M.D. Miranda, I.P. Bernardi, N.Y. Kaku-Oliveira and L.C. Munster. 2010. Morcegos da Região Sul do Brasil: análise comparativa da riqueza de espécies, novos registros e atualizações nomenclaturais (Mammalia, Chiroptera). Iheringia Ser. Zool. 100: 25–34.10.1590/S0073-47212010000100004Search in Google Scholar

Peracchi, A.L. and M.R. Nogueira. 2010. Lista anotada dos morcegos do estado do Rio de Janeiro, sudeste do Brasil. Chiropt. Neotrop. 16: 508–519.Search in Google Scholar

Pierri, N., R.J. Ângulo, M.C. Souza and M.K. Kim. 2006. A ocupação e o uso do solo no litoral paranaense: condicionantes, conflitos e tendências. Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente 13: 137–167.10.5380/dma.v13i0.9849Search in Google Scholar

Ribeiro, M.C., J.P. Metzger, A.C. Martensen, F. Ponzoni and M. Hirota. 2009. Brazilian Atlantic forest: how much is left and how is the remaining forest distributed? Implications for conservation. Biol. Conserv. 142: 1141–1153.10.1016/j.biocon.2009.02.021Search in Google Scholar

Rubio, M.B.G., L.H. Varzinczak, I.P. Bernardi, F.C. Passos and J.M.D. Miranda. 2014. Bats from two sites of the Paraná State coastal area, southern Brazil. Chiropt. Neotrop. 20: 1255–1263.Search in Google Scholar

Scaramuzza, C.A.M., L.L. Simões, S.T. Rodrigues, G.M. Accacio, M. Hercowitz, M.R. Rosa, W.G. Silva, E.R. Pinage and M.S. Soares. 2011. Visão da biodiversidade da ecoregião da Serra do Mar, domínio biogeográfico Mata Atlântica. WWF, Brasília, DF, Brazil. pp. 169.Search in Google Scholar

Scultori, C. 2009. Comunidade de morcegos, interação com flores e estratificação vertical em Mata Atlântica no sul do Brasil. Master Thesis. Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, Brazil. pp. 158.Search in Google Scholar

Scultori, C., D. Dias and A.L. Peracchi. 2009a. Mammalia, Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae, Artibeus cinereus: first record in the State of Paraná, Southern Brazil. Check List 5: 325–329.10.15560/5.2.325Search in Google Scholar

Scultori, C., D. Dias and A.L. Peracchi. 2009b. Mammalia, Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae, Lampronycteris brachyotis (Dobson, 1879): first record in the state of Paraná, southern Brazil. Check List 5: 872–875.10.15560/5.4.872Search in Google Scholar

Scultori, C., D. Dias and A.L. Peracchi. 2009c. Mammalia, Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae, Platyrrhinus recifinus: first record in the State of Paraná, Southern Brazil. Check List 5: 238–242.10.15560/5.2.238Search in Google Scholar

Tabarelli, M., L.P. Pinto, J.M.C. Silva, M. Hirota and L. Bedê. 2005. Challenges and opportunities for biodiversity conservation in the Brazilian Atlantic forest. Conserv. Biol. 19: 695–700.10.1111/j.1523-1739.2005.00694.xSearch in Google Scholar

Thomas, O. 1902. On mammals from the Serra do Mar of Paraná, collected by Alphonse Robert. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 9: 59–64.10.1080/00222930208678540Search in Google Scholar

Vanhoni, F. and F. Mendonça. 2008. O Clima do litoral do Estado do Paraná. Rev. Brasil. Climatol. 3: 49–63.10.5380/abclima.v3i0.25423Search in Google Scholar

Vilar, E.M., H. Nunes, J.L. Nascimento and P.C. Estrela. 2015. Distribution extension of Ametrida centurio Gray, 1847 (Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae): first record in the Brazilian Atlantic forest. Check List 11: 1503.10.15560/11.1.1503Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2014-9-4
Accepted: 2015-4-23
Published Online: 2015-6-1
Published in Print: 2016-5-1

©2016 by De Gruyter

Downloaded on 7.6.2023 from
Scroll to top button