Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter March 20, 2015

Diversity and richness of small mammals at a well-conserved site of The Yungas in Jujuy Province, Argentina

Santiago Gamboa Alurralde, M. Fernanda López Berrizbeitia, Rubén M. Barquez and M. Mónica Díaz
From the journal Mammalia

Abstract

We present the results obtained from 12 small-mammal surveys conducted between 1996 and 2013 in “Finca Las Capillas”, province of Jujuy, Argentina. This region has been formally recognized as an “Area of Importance for the Conservation of Bats” (AICOM) based on the diversity of species detected in our previous studies. This site in the Yungas forests of northwestern Argentina still maintains an excellent conservation status due to restrictions to human activities involving deforestation and limitations to cattle-raising imposed 50 years ago. A total of 39 species belonging to three orders, namely, Didelphimorphia, Chiroptera and Rodentia, were recorded. The species accumulation curve revealed that our records represent 83–95% of the community, and with high diversity indexes. Several of the genera and species that we recorded from our collection trips have been included in the fauna of Argentina. Our previous studies and the present findings provide new records for the province or significant extensions to previously known distributions of several taxa of small mammals. These results show that the site represents an icon for conservation in such a fragmented and exploited area as the Yungas in Argentina today.

Acknowledgments

We wish to acknowledge all the members of PIDBA for extending their support during our field collection trips. The study was funded by CONICET (Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Tecnológicas de Argentina) and through grants from the National Science Foundation, U.S.A (DEB-9870184 y BSR 8906665 awarded to M.A. Mares and J.K. Braun).

Appendix I

List of specimens, the number of collected and released individuals by species in brackets, collection locality, the sex of captured individuals and collection number are indicated (see Materials and methods). The collection localities are:

  • Locality 1 (Loc 1): Laja Morada, 15 km al N de Las Capillas por ruta provincial 20; 24° 02′ S, 65° 07′ W, 1061 m.

  • Locality 2 (Loc 2): Los Matos, 7 km al N de Las Capillas por ruta provincial 20; 24° 04′46″ S, 65° 08′36 W, 1198 m.

  • Locality 3 (Loc 3): Río Las Capillas, cruce con ruta provincial número 20; 24° 05′ S, 65° 10′ W, 1168 m.

  • Locality (Loc 4): Las Capillas; 24° 05′ 29″ S, 65° 10′ 33″ W, 1175 m.

DIDELPHIMORPHIA

Didelphidae

Didelphis albiventris (n=1): Loc 1, 1 male (CML 7353).

Marmosa (Micoureus) constantiae (n=4): Loc 2, 1 male (PIDBA 1281), 3 released (undetermined sex).

Thylamys sponsorius (n=15): Loc 1, 1 female (CML 4276), 2 males (PIDBA 1552, 1553). Loc 2, 7 females (PIDBA 1256, 1257, 1260, 1272, 1275, 1285, 1556), 2 males (PIDBA 1481, 1557), 1 undetermined sex (PIDBA 1270), 2 released (undetermined sex).

CHIROPTERA

Noctilionidae

Noctilio leporinus (n=1): Loc 1, 1 male (ARG 4246).

Phyllostomidae

Anoura caudifer (n=4): Loc 1, 1 female (CML 4278), 1 male (CML 7727), 1 released (undetermined sex). Loc 2, 1 female (CML 7726).

Artibeus planirostris (n=175): Loc 1, 6 females (2 ARG 4243, 4248; 4 CML 4158, 4159, 4280, 7609), 7 males (1 ARG 4215; 5 CML 4160, 4279, 4417, 5125, 5129; 1 released), 59 released (undetermined sex). Loc 2, 2 females (CML 7331, 8928), 1 male (CML 8415), 90 released (undetermined sex). Loc 3, 1 female (CML 8417), 1 male (PIDBA 1296), 8 released (undetermined sex).

Chrotopterus auritus (n=5): Loc 1, 1 male (CML 4277). Loc 2, 1 male (CML 8945), 3 released (undetermined sex).

Desmodus rotundus (É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1810) (n=47): Loc 1, 2 females (CML 6512; 1 released), 5 males (2 CML 4286, 5131; 1 MS 8; 2 released), 11 released (undetermined sex). Loc 2, 1 female (PIDBA 1252), 28 released (undetermined sex).

Pygoderma bilabiatum (n=1): Loc 1, 1 male (CML 7730).

Sturnira erythromos (n=191): Loc 1, 4 females (1 ARG 4251; 2 CML 6510, 6511; 1 MS 15), 2 males (CML 4281, 4282), 1 undetermined sex (ARG 4227), 67 released (undetermined sex). Loc 2, 4 females (3 CML 7397, 7705, 7706; 1 MS 5), 2 males (CML 7333, 7704), 111 released (undetermined sex).

Sturnira lilium (n=341): Loc 1, 4 females (1 ARG 4217; 2 CML 4283, 4284; 1 PIDBA 1541), 5 males (CML 5123, 5124, 6508, 6509, 7849), 111 released (undetermined sex). Loc 2, 4 females (3 CML 7329, 7330, 7332; 1 PIDBA 1248), 215 released (undetermined sex). Loc 3, 1 male (PIDBA 1298). Loc 4, 1 male (ARG 6939).

Sturnira oporaphilum (Tschudi 1844) (n=12): Loc 1, 1 female (CML 4285), 1 male (MS 12), 3 released (undetermined sex). Loc 2, 1 female (PIDBA 1288); 6 released (undetermined sex).

Molossidae

Cynomops planirostris (Peters 1865) (n=5): Loc 1, 2 females (1 CML 4177; 1 PIDBA 1551), 1 male (PIDBA 1543); 2 released (undetermined sex).

Eumops glaucinus (Wagner 1843) (n=18): Loc 1, 11 females (4 CML 4319, 7616, 7918, 8418; 1 SGA 16; 6 released), 3 males (1 CML 4318; 1 SGA 10; 1 released), 4 released (undetermined sex).

Molossops temminckii (Burmeister 1854) (n=3): Loc 1, 1 male (PIDBA 1538), 1 released (undetermined sex). Loc 4, 1 male (PIDBA 1485).

Molossus molossus (Pallas 1766) (n=2): Loc 1, 1 female (released). Loc 4, 1 female (PIDBA 1487).

Nyctinomops macrotis (Gray 1839) (n=1): Loc 1, 1 female (CML 7737).

Tadarida brasiliensis (I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1824) (n=20): Loc 1, 2 females (1 CML 4321; 1 MS 11), 9 males (2 CML 4320, 7921; 1 PIDBA 1535; 1 SGA 11; 5 released), 7 released (undetermined sex). Loc 2, 1 released (undetermined sex). Loc 4, 1 male (PIDBA 1488).

Vespertilionidae

Dasypterus ega (Gervais 1856) (n=5): Loc 1, 3 females (1 CML 4163; 1 PIDBA 1547; 1 SGA 13), 1 released (undetermined sex). Loc 4, 1 male (PIDBA 1484).

Eptesicus chiriquinus (n=2): Loc 1, 1 female (released). Loc 2, 1 female (CML 7541).

Eptesicus furinalis (d’Orbigny y Gervais 1847) (n=14): Loc 1, 5 females (1 ARG 4222; 3 CML 4312, 4313, 7878; 1 PIDBA 1539), 6 released (undetermined sex). Loc 3, 1 female (PIDBA 1299). Loc 4, 2 females (PIDBA 1486, 1489).

Histiotus laephotis (Thomas 1916) (n=1): Loc 1, 1 female (MS 68).

Histiotus velatus (n=2): Loc 1, 2 females (1 CML 7059; 1 SGA 17).

Lasiurus blossevillii (Lesson y Garnot 1826) (n=15): Loc 1, 2 females (1 CML 7060; 1 PIDBA 1542), 1 male (MS 9), 3 released (undetermined sex). Loc 2, 1 female (PIDBA 1555); 7 released (undetermined sex). Loc 3, 1 undetermined sex (PIDBA 1292).

Lasiurus cinereus (Beauvois 1796) (n=2): Loc 1, 2 males (1 CML 4314; 1 SGA 12).

Myotis albescens (É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1806)(n=12): Loc 1, 3 females (1 CML 7068; 1 MS 10; 1 PIDBA 1540), 7 males (1 ARG 4238; 4 CML 4315, 4316, 7067, 8936; 2 released), 2 released (undetermined sex).

Myotis dinellii (Thomas 1902) (n=3): Loc 1, 2 females (1 CML 4317; 1 SGA 15), 1 male (SGA 14).

RODENTIA

Cricetidae

Akodon budini (n=43): Loc 1, 6 females (CML 4323, 5035, 5036, 5038, 5041, 5042), 9 males (3 ARG 4220, 4240, 4247; 6 CML 4322, 5034, 5037, 5039, 5040, 6448), 2 released (undetermined sex). Loc 2, 3 females (PIDBA 1277, 1278, 1286), 6 males (PIDBA 1268, 1273, 1276, 1283, 1284, 1291), 1 undetermined sex (PIDBA 1293), 16 released (undetermined sex).

Akodon caenosus (Thomas 1918) (n=1): Loc 1, 1 female (PIDBA 1546).

Akodon simulator (Thomas 1916) (n=4): Loc 1, 1 female (ARG 4225), 1 male (PIDBA 1554), 1 undetermined sex (PIDBA 1537). Loc 2, 1 male (PIDBA 1267).

Calomys venustus (Thomas 1894) (n=5): Loc 1, 1 female (MFL 30), 2 males (CML 4324, 4325). Loc 2, 1 male (PIDBA 1274). Loc 4, 1 male (PIDBA 1483).

Euryoryzomys legatus (Thomas 1925) (n=8): Loc 1, 1 female (ARG 4237), 6 males (4 ARG 4226, 4239, 4241, 4253; 2 CML 4327, 8330). Loc 2, 1 male (PIDBA 1289).

Oligoryzomys brendae (n=17): Loc 1, 3 females (1 CML 4326; 2 MMD 344, 345), 12 males (3 ARG 4236, 4244, 4245; 1 CML 4500; 1 MFL 54; 5 MMD 346, 347, 348, 356, 357; 2 PIDBA 1544, 1545). Loc 2, 1 male (CML 8332). Loc 4, 1 male (ARG 6941).

Oligoryzomys chacoensis (Myers y Carleton 1981) (n=1): Loc 1, 1 male (ARG 4242).

Oligoryzomys flavescens (Waterhouse 1837) (n=2): Loc 2, 2 males (1 MS 52; 1 PIDBA 1279).

Oligoryzomys sp. (n=4): Loc 1, 1 female (MFL 29). Loc 2, 1 female (PIDBA 1282), 2 males (1 CML 8331; 1 PIDBA 1259).

Oxymycterus paramensis (Thomas 1902) (n=8): Loc 1, 2 males (1 ARG 4219; 1 CML 6397). Loc 2, 4 males (PIDBA 1271, 1280, 1294, 1295), 2 released (undetermined sex).

Rhipidomys austrinus (n=2): Loc 2, 1 female (PIDBA 1482), 1 male (CML 7750).

Tapecomys primus (n=3): Loc 1, 1 male (MFL 55). Loc 2, 1 female (CML 7080), 1 male (PIDBA 1480).

Ctenomyidae

Ctenomys frater (Thomas 1902) (n=2): Loc 1, 2 females (1 ARG 4252; 1 CML 7235).

Dasyproctidae

Dasyprocta punctata (n=1): Loc 2, 1 undetermined sex (CML 7676).

Sciuridae

Sciurus ignitus (n=1): Loc 2, 1 male (PIDBA 1253).

References

Aguirre, L.F. 2002. Structure of a Neotropical savanna bat community. J. Mammal. 83: 775–784.Search in Google Scholar

Amori, G., F. Chiozza, B.D. Patterson, C. Rondinini, J. Schipper and L. Luiselli. 2012. Species richness and distribution of Neotropical rodents, with conservation implications. Mammalia 77: 1–19.Search in Google Scholar

Aprile, G., E. Cuyckens, C. De Angelo, M. Di Bitetti, M. Lucherini, N. Muzzachiodi, R. Palacios, A. Paviolo, V. Quiroga and L. Soler. 2012. Orden carnívora, familia felidae. In: (R.A. Ojeda, V. Chillo and G.B. Diaz Isenrath, eds.) Libro rojo de mamíferos amenazados de la Argentina. Sociedad Argentina para el Estudio de los Mamíferos (SAREM), Mendoza. pp. 257.Search in Google Scholar

Barquez, R.M. and M.M. Díaz. 2001. Bats of the Argentine Yungas: a systematic and distributional analysis. Acta Zool. Mex. 82: 29–81.Search in Google Scholar

Barquez, R.M. and M.M. Díaz. 2009. Los Murciélagos de Argentina-Clave de Identificación. Publicación Especial No. 1. PCMA (Programa de Conservación de los Murciélagos de Argentina).Search in Google Scholar

Barquez, R.M., N.P. Giannini and M.A. Mares. 1993. Guide to the bats of Argentina/Guía de los murciélagos de Argentina. Oklahoma Museum of Natural History, Norman, Oklahoma, pp. 119.Search in Google Scholar

Barquez, R.M., L.I. Ferro and M.S. Sánchez. 2006a. Tapecomys primus (Rodentia: Cricetidae), nuevo género y especie para la Argentina. Mastozoología Neotropical 13: 117–121.Search in Google Scholar

Barquez, R.M., M.M. Díaz and R.A. Ojeda. 2006b. Mamíferos de Argentina. Sistemática y distribución. SAREM (Sociedad Argentina para el Estudio de los Mamíferos), Mendoza, Argentina. pp. 359.Search in Google Scholar

Barquez, R.M., M.S. Sánchez and J.C. Bracamonte. 2009. Nueva especie de Eptesicus (Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae) para Argentina. Mastozoología Neotropical 16: 199–203.Search in Google Scholar

Bianconi, G.V., S.B. Mikich and W.A. Pedro. 2004. Diversidade de morcegos (Mammalia, Chiroptera) em remanescentes florestais do município de Fenix, noroeste do Paraná, Brasil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 21: 943–954.Search in Google Scholar

Bracamonte, J.C. 2010. Murciélagos de bosque montano del Parque Provincial Potrero de Yala, Jujuy, Argentina. Mastozoología Neotropical 17: 361–366.Search in Google Scholar

Brown, A.D., H.R. Grau, L.R. Malizia and A. Grau. 2001. Argentina. In: (M. Kappelle and A.D. Brown, eds.) Bosques Nublados del Neotrópico. Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INBio). Costa Rica. pp. 623–659.Search in Google Scholar

Burkart, R., N.O. Bárbaro, R.O. Sanchez and D.A. Gomez. 1999. Eco-regiones de la Argentina. Administración de Parque Nacionales. Programa Desarrollo Institucional Ambiental, Buenos Aires, pp. 43.Search in Google Scholar

Cabrera, A.L. 1976. Regiones Fitogeográficas Argentinas. ACME, Buenos Aires, Argentina, pp. 85.Search in Google Scholar

Ceballos, G. and P.R. Ehrlich. 2006. Global mammal distributions, biodiversity hotspots, and conservation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 103: 19374–19379.Search in Google Scholar

Chalukian, S., S. De Bustos, M. Di Bitetti, C. De Angelo and A. Paviolo. 2012. Orden Perissodactyla. In: (R.A, Ojeda, V. Chillo and G.B. Diaz Isenrath, eds.) Libro rojo de mamíferos amenazados de la Argentina. Sociedad Argentina para el Estudio de los Mamíferos (SAREM), Mendoza. pp. 257.Search in Google Scholar

Colwell, R.K. 2005. EstimateS: statistical estimation of species richness and shared species from samples. Version 7. Available at: purl.oclc.org/estimates. Access date 14 July 2014.Search in Google Scholar

Davis, W.B. 1973. Geographic variation in the fishing bat, Noctilio leporinus. J. Mammal. 54: 862–874.Search in Google Scholar

Díaz, M.M. 2000. Key to mammals of Jujuy Province, Argentina. Occasional Papers of the Oklahoma Museum of Natural History, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 7: 1–29.Search in Google Scholar

Diaz, M.M. 2012. Orden Chiroptera. In: (R.A, Ojeda, V. Chillo and G.B. Diaz Isenrath, eds.) Libro rojo de mamíferos amenazados de la Argentina. Sociedad Argentina para el Estudio de los Mamíferos (SAREM), Mendoza. pp. 257.Search in Google Scholar

Díaz, M.M. and R.M. Barquez. 2002. Los mamíferos de Jujuy, Argentina. L.O.L.A. (Literature of Latin America), Buenos Aires, Argentina. pp. 308.Search in Google Scholar

Díaz, M.M. and R.M. Barquez. 2007. The wild mammals of Jujuy Province, Argentina: systematics and distribution. In: (D.A. Kelt, E.P. Lessa, J.A. Salazar-Bravo and J.L. Patton, eds.) The quintessential naturalist: honoring the life and legacy of Oliver Pearson. University of California Publications in Zoology. pp. 417–578.Search in Google Scholar

Díaz, M.M., D.A. Flores and R.M. Barquez. 1998. Instrucciones para la preparación y conservación de mamíferos. Publicaciones especiales, No. 1, PIDBA (Programa de Investigaciones de Biodiversidad Argentina). pp. 44.Search in Google Scholar

Díaz, M.M., U.F.J. Pardiñas and R.M. Barquez. 2006. Order Rodentia. Family Cricetidae. Tribe Thomasomyini. In: (R.M. Barquez, M.M. Díaz and R.A. Ojeda, eds.) Los mamíferos de Argentina: sistemática y distribución. SAREM (Sociedad Argentina para el Estudio de los Mamíferos), Mendoza, Argentina. pp. 191–192.Search in Google Scholar

Díaz, M.M., R.M. Barquez and L.V. Carrizo. 2009. Mammalia, Rodentia, Cricetidae, Sigmodontinae, Tapecomys primus Anderson and Yates, 2000: new locality record. Check List 5: 439–441.Search in Google Scholar

Dotta, G. and L.M. Verdade. 2011. Medium to large-sized mammals in agricultural landscapes of south-eastern Brazil. Mammalia 75: 345–352.Search in Google Scholar

Flores, D.A. 2006. Order Didelphimorphia. In: (R.M. Barquez, M.M. Díaz and R.A. Ojeda, eds.) Mamíferos de Argentina: sistemática y distribución. SAREM (Sociedad Argentina para el Estudio de los Mamíferos), Mendoza, Argentina. pp. 31–45.Search in Google Scholar

Flores, D.A. and M.M. Díaz. 2002. Extensión austral a la distribución conocida de Micoureus constantiae (Didelphimorphia, Didelphidae). Acta Zool. Mex. 86: 239–242.Search in Google Scholar

Flores, D.A., M.M. Díaz and R.M. Barquez. 2000. Mouse opossums (Didelphimorphia, Didelphidae) of northwestern Argentina: systematics and distribution. Z. Sâugetierkd. 65: 321–339.Search in Google Scholar

Flores, D.A., M.M. Díaz and R.M. Barquez. 2007. Systematics and distribution of marsupials in Argentina: a review. In: (D.A. Kelt, E.P. Lessa, J.A. Salazar-Bravo and J.L. Patton, eds.) The quintessential naturalist: honoring the life and legacy of Oliver Pearson. University of California Publications in Zoology. pp. 579–670.Search in Google Scholar

Flores-Saldaña, M.G. 2008. Estructura de las comunidades de murciélagos en un gradiente ambiental en la reserva de la biosfera y tierra comunitaria de origen Pilón Lajas, Bolivia. Mastozoología Neotrop. 5: 309–322.Search in Google Scholar

Gallo, P.H., N.R. Dos Reis, F.R. Andrade and I.G. De Almeida. 2010. Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) in native and reforested areas in Rancho Alegre, Paraná, Brazil. Rev. Biol. Trop. 58: 1311–1322.Search in Google Scholar

Hansen, M.C., S.V. Stehman and P.V. Potapov. 2010. Quantification of global gross forest cover loss. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 107: 8650–8655.Search in Google Scholar

Jayat, J.P. and P.E. Ortiz. 2010. Mamíferos del pedemonte de Yungas de la alta cuenca del río Bermejo en Argentina: una línea de base de diversidad. Mastozoología Neotrop. 17: 69–86.Search in Google Scholar

Jayat, J.P., P.E. Ortiz and M.D. Miotti. 2009. Mamíferos de la selva pedemontana del noroeste argentino. In: (A.D. Brown, P.G. Blendinger, T. Lomáscolo and P. García Bes, eds.) Ecología, historia natural y conservación de la selva pedemontana de las yungas australes. Ediciones del Subtrópico. pp. 273–316.Search in Google Scholar

Jayat, J.P., P.E. Ortiz, J. Salazar-Bravo, U.F.J. Pardiñas and G. D’elía. 2010. The Akodon boliviensis species group (Rodentia: Cricetidae: Sigmodontinae) in Argentina: species limits and distribution, with the description of a new entity. Zootaxa 2409: 1–61.Search in Google Scholar

Medellín, R.A. 1993. Estructura y diversidad de una comunidad de murciélagos en el trópico húmedo Mexicano. In: (R.A. Medellín and G. Ceballos, eds.) Avances en el Estudio de los Mamíferos de México. Publicaciones Especiales, Vol. 1. Asociación Mexicana de Mastozoología, A.C., México. pp. 333–354.Search in Google Scholar

Medellín, R.A., M. Equihua and M.A. Amin. 2000. Bat diversity and abundance as indicators of disturbance in Neotropical rainforests. Conserv. Biol. 14: 1666–1675.Search in Google Scholar

Mittermeier, R.A., N. Myers, P. Robles Gil and C.G. Mittermeier. 1999. Hotspots: Earth’s biologically richest and most endangered terrestrial Ecoregions. CEMEX/Agrupación Sierra Madre, Ciudad de México, pp. 430.Search in Google Scholar

Moreno, C.E. 2001. Métodos para medir la biodiversidad. M&T–Manuales y Tesis SEA, Vol. 1. Zaragoza. pp. 84.Search in Google Scholar

Moya, M.I., F. Montaño-Centellas, L.F. Aguirre, J. Tordoya, J. Martinez and M.I. Galarza. 2008. Variación temporal de la quiropterofauna en un Bosque de Yungas en Bolivia. Mastozoología Neotrop. 15: 349–357.Search in Google Scholar

Noss, R., B. Custi and M.J. Groom. 2006. Habitat fragmentation. In: (M.J. Groom, G.K. Meffe and C.R. Carrol, eds.) Principles of conservation biology. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, USA. pp. 213–251.Search in Google Scholar

Nuñez Montellano, M.G., C. Guerra and J.P. Jayat. 2010. Vertebrados terrestres de la sierra de San Javier (Tucumán, Argentina) y su área de influencia. In: (H.R. Grau, ed.) Ecología de una interfase natural-urbana. Bases para el estudio y la planificación territorial de las interacciones entre la sierra de San Javier y el gran San Miguel de Tucumán. EDUNT, San Miguel de Tucumán, Tucumán, Argentina. pp. 51–76.Search in Google Scholar

Ojeda, R.A., J. Stadler and R. Brandl. 2003. Diversity of mammals in the tropical-temperate Neotropics: hotspots on a regional scale. Biodivers. Conserv. 12: 1431–1444.Search in Google Scholar

Ojeda, R.A., V. Chillo and G.B. Diaz Isenrath. 2012. Libro rojo de mamíferos amenazados de la Argentina. Sociedad Argentina para el Estudio de los Mamíferos (SAREM), Mendoza, Argentina. pp. 257.Search in Google Scholar

Pacheco, S. and L. Cristóbal. 2009. Cambio de uso de la tierra y fragmentación en la Reserva de Acambuco. In: (A.D. Brown, P.G. Blendinger, T. Lomáscolo and P. García Bes, eds.) Selva pedemontana de las Yungas. Historia natural, ecología y manejo de un ecosistema en peligro. Fundación ProYungas, Tucumán. pp. 319–332.Search in Google Scholar

Paoli, H.P., H.J. Elena, M.J. Mosciaro, Y.E. Noe and F.M. Ledesma. 2011. Caracterización de las Cuencas Hídricas de las provincias de Salta y Jujuy. INTA EEA Salta.Search in Google Scholar

Rodriquez Macedo, M., A. González-Christen and L.S. León-Paniagua. 2014. Diversidad de los mamíferos silvestres de Misantla, Veracruz, México. Rev. Mex.Biodivers. 85: 262–275.Search in Google Scholar

Simmons, N. B. and D. P. Voss. 1998. The mammals of Paracou, French Guiana: a Neotropical lowland rainforest fauna Part 1. Bats. B. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 263: 1–219.Search in Google Scholar

Terborgh, J. and B. Winter. 1980. Some causes of extinction. In: (M.E. Soul’e and B.A. Wilcox, eds.) Conservation biology: an evolutionary-ecological perspective. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, Massachusetts. pp. 119–133.Search in Google Scholar

Turner, I.M. and R.T. Corlett. 1996. The conservation value of small, isolated fragments of lowland tropical rain forest. Trends Ecol. Evol. 11: 330–333.Search in Google Scholar

Vázquez, L.B., R.A. Medellín and G.N. Cameron. 2000. Population and community ecology of small rodents in montane forest of western Mexico. J. Mammal. 81: 77–85.Search in Google Scholar

Voss, R.S. and S.A. Jansa. 2009. Phylogenetic relationships and classification of didelphid marsupials, an extant radiation of New World metatherian mammals. B. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 322: 1–177.Search in Google Scholar

Wade, T.G., K.H. Riitters, J.D. Wickham and K.B. Jones. 2003. Distribution and causes of global forest fragmentation. Conserv. Ecol. 7: 7.Search in Google Scholar

Walther, B.A. and J.L. Moore. 2005. The concepts of bias, precision, and accuracy, and their use in testing the performance of species richness estimators, with a literature review of estimator performance. Ecography 28: 1–15.Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2014-10-21
Accepted: 2015-2-18
Published Online: 2015-3-20
Published in Print: 2016-5-1

©2016 by De Gruyter