Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter January 14, 2016

Fruit selection of a binturong (Arctictis binturong) by focal animal sampling in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo

Miyabi Nakabayashi, Abdul Hamid Ahmad and Shiro Kohshima
From the journal Mammalia


We investigated fruit selection of a radio-collared female binturong (Arctictis binturong pageli Schwarz, 1911) by focal animal sampling in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. We recorded seven food species from 12 feeding trees over 16 months. The radio-collared binturong fed only ripe fig fruits (Ficus spp., Moraceae), suggesting that her diet largely depended on figs. As the present study was based on only one female individual, more efforts are needed to elucidate the feeding ecology of this cryptic carnivore.

Corresponding author: Miyabi Nakabayashi, Wildlife Research Center of Kyoto University, 2-24 Tanaka-Sekiden-cho, Sakyo, Kyoto 606-8203, Japan, e-mail:


We thank Glen Reynolds, Mike B. Ola, and all friends of The Royal Society for field assistance. We thank the Sabah Biodiversity Centre and Danum Valley Management Committee for their permission to conduct this research. We also thank anonymous reviewers for critical readings. This research was supported by the Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science Core-to-Core Program and Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research to MN (#25-597).


Anders, U. 2005. Okomorphologie sudostasiatischer Viverridae (Schleichkatzen). Phd thesis. Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universitat, Frankfurt am Main. pp. 89.Search in Google Scholar

Colon, C.P. and Campos-Arceiz, A. 2013. The impact of gut passage by binturongs (Arctictis binturong) on seed germination. Raffles B. Zool. 61: 417–421.Search in Google Scholar

Corlett, R.T. 2011. How to be a frugivore (in a changing world). Acta Oecologica 37: 674–681.10.1016/j.actao.2011.01.005Search in Google Scholar

Harrison, J. 1952. The food of a binturong. Malayan Nature Journal 7: 39–40.Search in Google Scholar

Harrison, R. 2005. Figs and the diversity of tropical rainforests. BioScience 55: 1053–1064.10.1641/0006-3568(2005)055[1053:FATDOT]2.0.CO;2Search in Google Scholar

Kleiber, M. 1961. The fire of life: an introduction to animal energetics. Wiley, Hoboken. pp. 454.Search in Google Scholar

Lambert, F. 1990. Some notes on fig-eating by arboreal mammals in Malaysia. Primates 31: 453–458.10.1007/BF02381118Search in Google Scholar

Marsh, C.W. and Greer, A.G. 1992. Forest land-use in Sabah, Malaysia: an introduction to Danum Valley. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences B 335: 331–339.10.1098/rstb.1992.0025Search in Google Scholar

Mitchell, P. 1905. On the intestinal tract of mammals. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 17: 437–536.10.1111/j.1096-3642.1905.tb00036.xSearch in Google Scholar

Nettelbeck, A. 1997. Sightings of Binturongs in the Khao Yai National Park, Thailand. Small Carnivore Conservation 16: 22–24.Search in Google Scholar

Rozhnov, V. 1994. Notes on the behaviour and ecology of the Binturong (Arctictis binturong) in Vietnam. Small Carnivore Conservation 10: 4–5.Search in Google Scholar

Shanahan, M. 2000. Ficus Seed Dispersal Guilds: Ecology, Evolution and Conservation Implications. Ph.D. thesis, University of Leeds, Leeds. pp. 122.Search in Google Scholar

Sikes, R.S., Gannon, W.L. and the Animal Care and Use Committee of the American Society of Mammalogists 2011. Guidelines of the American Society of Mammalogists for the use of wild mammals in research. J. Mammal. 92: 235–253. in Google Scholar

Received: 2015-1-14
Accepted: 2015-11-25
Published Online: 2016-1-14
Published in Print: 2017-1-1

©2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

Scroll Up Arrow