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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter January 13, 2016

Recent observation for leopard Panthera pardus in Egypt

Alaaeldin Soultan, Omar Attum, Ayman Hamada, El-Bialy Hatab, Saied E. Ahmed, Ali Eisa, Ismail Al Sharif, Abdullah Nagy and Wael Shohdi
From the journal Mammalia


An adult male leopard Panthera pardus was killed in Elba Protected Area in south-east Egypt. This record represents the first confirmed observation in Egypt during the past 65 years, and the first confirmed record in this region. We visited the surrounding areas where the leopard was killed and in areas where tracks were observed by local people to follow the animal’s movement and describe the habitat. The external measurements and the morphology are also described and a tissue sample was preserved for genetic analysis.

Corresponding author: Alaaeldin Soultan, Department for Migration and Immuno-ecology, Max Plank Institute for Ornithology, Am Obstberg 1, 78315 Radolfzell, Germany; Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, 78464 Konstanz, Germany; and St. Katherine Protectorate, South Sinai, Nature Conservation Sector, EEAA, Egypt, e-mail:


We would like to thank Dr. Francis Gilbert (Nottingham University) for providing us with the leopard observations compiled by Egypt biomap project ( We would also like to thank the Nature Conservation Sector (NCS), Dr. Yousria Abdel Rahaman manager of Support to the Egyptian Protected Areas project SEPA, Mr. Mohamed Gad director of Red See protected areas and the Elba Protected Area staff for their logistical support.


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Received: 2015-5-29
Accepted: 2015-11-25
Published Online: 2016-1-13
Published in Print: 2017-1-1

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