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Seasonality and habitat influence on bat assemblage structure in an urban Atlantic Forest remnant from Southeastern Brazil

Roberto Leonan M. Novaes EMAIL logo , Renan F. Souza , Saulo Felix , André C. Siqueira , Rafael S. Laurindo , Luis Fernando Menezes and Julie T. Shapiro
From the journal Mammalia

Abstract

The Brazilian Atlantic Forest is a severely threatened biodiversity hotspot and many remnants exist only as fragments. In order to understand how bat assemblage structure within a forest fragment surrounded by an urban matrix might respond to seasonality and different habitats, we sampled bats over 39 nights in the forest fragment of Gericinó-Mendanha Massif, Rio de Janeiro State. From February 2006 to January 2010, we captured 874 bats, belonging to 25 species and eight different feeding guilds. Frugivorous species were the most abundant, representing 83.33% of captures, and the gleaning insectivores were the least abundant (1.47%). We did not find changes in bat species composition between seasons, although capture rate was higher in the rainy season. However, we did find significant differences in species abundance between seasons. The habitat influence did not significantly differentiate the assemblages, but species richness was higher in the mature ombrophilous forest. The community composition indicates that this conservation unit is an important remaining fragment for maintaining the diversity and richness of bats, although it is possible that historical processes of environmental exploitation have already resulted in a loss of species.

Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to Ana C. Façanha, Flávio A.P. Mello, Luiz Fernando Dias-de-Oliveira, Luzianne Gomes, Mariana A.S. Louro, Mariana V.P. Aguiar, Paula C. Andrade, Raphael Silvares, Rogério Guedes, Tatiane S. Cardoso, Tiago Lobo and Vinícius de Bruycker for the fieldwork assistance; to SEMUAM/Nova Iguaçu for the research license in the Parque Natural Municipal de Nova Iguaçu (N001/2010). This project was also carried out with the support of Zootech®.

Appendix

Appendix 1: Bats from Gericinó-Mendanha Massif deposited in the collection of bats Adriano Lucio Peracchi (ALP) of the Institute of Biology, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Phyllostomidae:Artibeus fimbriatus (ALP6791, ALP9470); Artibeus lituratus (ALP6790, ALP9471, ALP9472, ALP9473, ALP9474); Artibeus obscurus (ALP9475); Chiroderma doriae (ALP6785); Platyrrhinus lineatus (ALP9476); Platyrrhinus recifinus (ALP6792, ALP9477, ALP9478); Pygoderma bilabiatum (ALP9479, ALP9480); Sturnira lilium (ALP6789, ALP9481, ALP9482); Vampyressa pusilla (ALP6787, ALP9483); Desmodus rotundus (ALP6793, ALP9484, ALP9485); Anoura caudifer (ALP6786, ALP9486); Anoura geoffroyi (ALP9487); Glossophaga soricina (ALP6794, ALP9488); Lonchophylla peracchii (ALP9489, ALP9490); Carollia perspicillata (ALP6788, ALP9491, ALP9492, ALP9493, ALP9494); Micronycteris microtis (ALP9495); Micronycteris minuta (ALP9496); Phyllostomus hastatus (ALP6784, ALP9497); Tonatia bidens (ALP9498, ALP9499); Molossidae:Molossus molossus (ALP6795, ALP6796, ALP9500, ALP9501); Vespertilionidae:Eptesicus brasiliensis (ALP6821), Myotis nigricans (ALP6797, ALP9502, ALP9503, ALP9504, ALP9505, ALP9506, ALP9507); Myotis riparius (ALP9508, ALP9509, ALP9510).

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Received: 2015-7-3
Accepted: 2016-4-13
Published Online: 2016-5-24
Published in Print: 2017-5-1

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