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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter October 8, 2016

White-lipped peccaries are recorded at Iguaçu National Park after 20 years

  • Carlos R. Brocardo EMAIL logo , Marina Xavier da Silva , Luis Eduardo da S. Delgado and Mauro Galetti
From the journal Mammalia


The white-lipped peccary (WLP) is the most endangered ungulate in the Neotropics. In the recent years, this species has undergone a large reduction in range size and experienced the loss of several populations. An emblematic case was the local extinction of this species from the Iguaçu National Park (INP) in the mid-1990s. After the report of this particular WLP disappearance, surveys conducted along the 2000s confirmed its absence in the park. However, in 2016, after 20 years of previous reports, we obtained five records of WLP herds, indicating a possible population recovery probably resulting from emigration. To effectively re-establish white-lipped peccary population and, consequently, restore its ecological role, urgent practical conservation measures are necessary.


The authors like to thank “Fundação Grupo Boticário de Proteção à Natureza” for financial support. We are grateful to “Instituto Chico Mendes de Consevação da Biodiversidade” (ICMbio) and Iguaçu National Park for the research authorizations. We thank the INP’s team for their help and attention. We also thank Robson C. Machado and Mauro Costa for the field assistance provided. We thank Ivan Baptiston for his personal communication. We would like to thank two anonymous reviewers for their comments and suggestions. C.R.B. received a doctoral fellowship from “Conselho Nacional para o Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico” (CNPq) and M.G. received a research fellowship from CNPq.


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Received: 2016-4-12
Accepted: 2016-8-26
Published Online: 2016-10-8
Published in Print: 2017-8-28

©2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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