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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter February 21, 2017

An SEM image reference guide to hairs of 12 species of large African mammals

  • Shelby Wade EMAIL logo , Michael Stokes and Craig Spencer
From the journal Mammalia


We developed a pictorial atlas of 52 scanning electron microscope (SEM) images of hairs found on 12 mammalian game species commonly found in the South African lowveld. Guard hairs were taken from the dorsoscapular, scapular, sternal, or axillary regions of each animal; and bristle hairs, if present, were collected from the manes of animals of each species. These images, along with other diagnostic features of hairs, can be used as an identification system. Such a system is useful for ecological studies where identifying animal remains is necessary.


We thank all of the volunteers at Transfrontier Africa for their encouragement and support. We also thank Limpopo Taxidermy, the Louisville Zoo, and the Thomas M. Baker Collection for supplying hairs used for this project. Dr. John Andersland directs the electron microscopy facility and ensured best results. Funding for the project was provided by the Honors College and FUSE program at Western Kentucky University, Grant/Award Number: “15-FA218”.


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Received: 2016-4-26
Accepted: 2016-12-23
Published Online: 2017-2-21
Published in Print: 2017-12-20

©2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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