Myotis indochinensis, a recently described species from Vietnam, was previously confused with Myotis montivagus and Myotis annectans; however, it could be distinguished from these species by its larger external, cranial measurements and well-developed sagittal and lambdoid crests. In 2012 and 2015, one and three medium-sized Myotis bats were collected in Nanling National Nature Reserve, Guangdong Province and Jiulianshan National Nature Reserve, Jiangxi Province, China, respectively. Based on their morphological characteristics and phylogenetic inference using complete cytochrome b gene and partial cytochrome oxidase subunit I gene, they were identified as M. indochinensis, representing the first records of the species in China.
We are particularly grateful to the staff of Jiulianshan National Nature Reserve in Jiangxi province for help during the field survey. This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31110103910, 31300314, 31670381 and 31672258), the Integrated Scientific Expedition of the Biodiversity of Luoxiao Range Region, China (2013FY111500) and JSPS Core-to-Core Program B (Asia-Africa Science Platforms). The research of GC received support from the School of Life Sciences, Guangzhou University, and the Hungarian Scientific Research Fund (OTKA) K112440.
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