Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter August 25, 2017

Bat diversity in the western Brazilian Pantanal

Marcelo Oscar Bordignon and Julie Teresa Shapiro
From the journal Mammalia

Abstract

Located in southwestern Brazil, the Pantanal is a Wetland of International Importance and Biosphere reserve. It is composed of several subregions, each with distinct vegetation, and hosts diverse bat fauna. The goal of this study was to compare the bat communities between different subregions of the Pantanal, especially poorly sampled areas. From February 2008 to November 2009, we surveyed bats using mist nets at five sites with different vegetation structure and hydrology, over an area of 30,000 km2. Fecal samples were also collected. We captured 254 bats belonging to six families and 37 species: Phyllostomidae (19), Vespertilionidae (8), Molossidae (8), Noctilionidae (1), Emballonuridae (1) and Natalidae (1). The most abundant species was Artibeus planirostris (32%). The species reported in this study represent 60% of bat species recorded in Mato Grosso do Sul and 71% of species known from the Pantanal region of the state. We also highlight important records for the Pantanal, including Eumops patagonicus, Eptesicus diminutus and Micronycteris sanborni. The most common plant species in the feces of bats were from the genera Cecropia and Ficus. The community of bats in the Pantanal proved rich and diverse, with differences among subregions, possibly reflecting their complex landscape and different habitats.

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to the command of the 17° Batalhão de Infantaria de Fronteira and Embrapa Pantanal, for logistics support at Fort Coimbra and Nhumirim Farm, respectively; to the Ecology and Conservation Graduate Program from UFMS and CNPq (Project No. 470502/2007-0) for financial support, and the National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship for support of J.T. Shapiro (DGE-1315138). We are also grateful to Adriano Peracchi, Marcelo Nogueira and Itiberê Bernardi for help with species identification.

References

Aguiar, L. and Y. Antonini. 2008. Diet of two sympatric insectivores bats (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) in the Cerrado of Central Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 25: 28–31.10.1590/S0101-81752008000100005Search in Google Scholar

Alho, C.J.R., E. Fischer, L.F. Oliveira-Pissini and C.F. Santos. 2011. Bat species richness in the Pantanal floodplain and its surrounding uplands. Braz. J. Biol. 71: 311–320.10.1590/S1519-69842011000200010Search in Google Scholar

Allem, A.C. and J.F.M. Valls. 1987. Recursos forrageiros nativos do Pantanal Mato-Grossense. C. Nac. Rec. Gen. Biot. 8: 300–339.Search in Google Scholar

Bader, E., K. Jung, E.K. Kalko, R.A. Page, R. Rodriguez and T. Sattler. 2015. Mobility explains the response of aerial insectivorous bats to anthropogenic habitat change in the Neotropics. Biol. Conserv. 186: 97–106.10.1016/j.biocon.2015.02.028Search in Google Scholar

Bergallo, H.G., C.E.L. Esbérard, M.A.R. Mello, V. Lins, R. Mangolin, G.S. Melo and M. Baptista. 2003. Bat species richness in Atlantic Forest: what is the minimum sampling effort? Biotropica 35: 278–288.10.1111/j.1744-7429.2003.tb00286.xSearch in Google Scholar

Bernard, E. 2001. Vertical stratification of bat communities in primary forests of Central Amazon, Brazil. J. Trop. Ecol. 17: 115–126.10.1017/S0266467401001079Search in Google Scholar

Bernard, E. and B. Fenton. 2007. Bats in a fragmented landscape: species composition, diversity and habitat interactions in savannas of Santarém, Central Amazonia, Brazil. Biol. Conserv. 134: 332–343.10.1016/j.biocon.2006.07.021Search in Google Scholar

Bernard, E., L.M.S. Aguiar and R.B. Machado. 2011. Discovering the Brazilian bat fauna: a task for two centuries? Mammal Rev. 41: 23–39.10.1111/j.1365-2907.2010.00164.xSearch in Google Scholar

Bordignon, M.O. 2005. Predação de morcegos por Chrotopterus auritus (Peters) (Mammalia, Chiroptera) no Pantanal de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 22: 1207–1208.10.1590/S0101-81752005000400058Search in Google Scholar

Bordignon, M.O. and A.O. França. 2009. Riqueza, diversidade e variação altitudinal em uma comunidade de morcegos filostomídeos (Mammalia: Chiroptera) no Centro-Oeste do Brasil. Chiropt. Neotrop. 15: 425–433.Search in Google Scholar

Bordignon, M.O. and T.M.R. Santos. 2010. Ampliação na distribuição de Artibeus obscurus (Schinz, 1821) no Centro-Oeste do Brasil. Chiropt. Neotrop. 16: 728–731.Search in Google Scholar

Bordignon, M.O., T.M.R. Santos and I.P. Bernardi. 2011. Ocorrência de Eumops patagonicus Thomas, 1924 no limite dos biomas Chaco e Pantanal, Centro-Oeste do Brasil. Chiropt. Neotrop. 17: 853–856.Search in Google Scholar

Bredt, A., W. Uieda and P.P. Pinto. 2002. Visitas de morcegos fitófagos a Muntingia calabura L. (Muntigingiaceae) em Brasília, centro-oeste do Brasil. Rev. Bras. Zooci. 4: 111–122.Search in Google Scholar

Brosset, A., P. Charles-Dominique, A. Cockle, J.F. Cosson and D. Masson. 1996. Bat communities and deforestation in French Guiana. Can. J. Zool. 74: 1974–1982.10.1139/z96-224Search in Google Scholar

Cáceres, N.C., A.P. Carmignotto, E. Fischer and C.F. Santos. 2008. Mammals from Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Check List 4: 321–335.10.15560/4.3.321Search in Google Scholar

Camargo, G. and E.A. Fischer. 2005. Primeiro registro do morcego Mimom crenulatum (Phyllostomidae) no Pantanal, Sudoeste do Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 5: 1–4.Search in Google Scholar

Carvalho, F., M.E. Fabián and J.O. Menegheti. 2013. Vertical structure of an assemblage of bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) in a fragment of Atlantic Forest in Southern Brazil. Zoologia 30: 491–498.10.1590/S1984-46702013000500004Search in Google Scholar

Castro-Luna, A.A., V.J. Sosa and G. Castillo-Campos. 2007. Bat diversity and abundance associated with the degree of secondary succession in a tropical forest mosaic in south-eastern Mexico. Anim. Conserv. 10: 219–228.10.1111/j.1469-1795.2007.00097.xSearch in Google Scholar

Cunto, G.C. and E. Bernard. 2012. Neotropical bats as indicators of environmental disturbance: what is the emerging message? Acta Chiropt. 14: 143–151.10.3161/150811012X654358Search in Google Scholar

Damasceno, Jr, G.A., J. Semir, F.A.M. Santos and H.F. Leitão-Filho. 2005. Structure, distribution of species and inundation in a riparian forest of Rio Paraguai, Pantanal, Brazil. Flora 200: 119–135.10.1016/j.flora.2004.09.002Search in Google Scholar

Dumont, E.R., L.M. Dávalos, A. Goldberg, S.E. Santana, K. Rex and C.C. Voigt. 2011. Morphological innovation, diversification and invasion of a new adaptive zone. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B: Biol. Sci. 10.1098/rspb.2011.2005.10.1098/rspb.2011.2005Search in Google Scholar PubMed PubMed Central

Embrapa Pantanal. 2009. http://www.cpap.embrapa.br/agencia/012_nhu_caract.htm. Accessed on 21/07/2009.Search in Google Scholar

Fabián, M.E., A.M. Rui and J.L. Waechter. 2008. Plantas utilizadas como alimento por morcegos (Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae) no Brasil. In: (N.R. Reis, A.L. Peracchi and G.A.S.D. Santos, eds.) Ecologia de morcegos. Technical Books, Londrina, Brazil. pp. 51–70.Search in Google Scholar

Fenton, M.B., L. Acharya, D. Audet, M.B.C. Hickey, C. Merriman, M.K. Obrist and D.M. Syme. 1992. Phyllostomid bats (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) as indicators of habitat disruption in the Neotropics. Biotropica 24: 440–446.10.2307/2388615Search in Google Scholar

Fischer, E., C.F. Santos, L.F.A.C. Carvalho, G. Camargo, N.L. Cunha, M. Silveira, M.O. Bordignon and C.L. Silva. 2015. Bat fauna of Mato Grosso do Sul, southwestern Brazil. Biota Neotrop. 15: 1–17.10.1590/1676-06032015006614Search in Google Scholar

Gardner, A.L. 2007. Mammals of South America Vol. 1: Marsupials, xenarthrans, shrews and bats. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL. pp. 669.Search in Google Scholar

Giannini, N.P. and E.K. Kalko. 2004. Trophic structure in a large assemblage of phyllostomid bats in Panama. Oikos 105: 209–220.10.1111/j.0030-1299.2004.12690.xSearch in Google Scholar

Hammer, O., D.A.T. Harper and P.D. Ryan. 2001. PAST: Paleontological Statistic software package for education and data analysis. Paleont. Eletr. 4: 1–9.Search in Google Scholar

Harris, M.B., W.M. Tomas, G. Mourão, C.J. Silva, E. Guimarães, F. Sonoda and E. Fachim. 2005. Desafios para proteger o Pantanal brasileiro: ameaças e iniciativas de conservação. Megadiv. 1: 156–164.Search in Google Scholar

Kalko, E.K.V., D. Friemel, C.O. Handley and H.U. Schnitzler. 1999. Roosting and foraging behaviour of two Neotropical gleaning bats, Tonatia silvicola and Trachops cirrhosus (Phyllostomidae). Biotropica 31: 344–353.10.1111/j.1744-7429.1999.tb00146.xSearch in Google Scholar

Longo, J.M., E.A. Fischer, G. Camargo and C.F. Santos. 2007. Ocorrência de Vampyressa pusilla (Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae) no Pantanal-Sul. Biota Neotrop. 7: 1–4.10.1590/S1676-06032007000300039Search in Google Scholar

Martins, M.P.V., J.M. Torres and E.A.C. Anjos. 2014. Dieta de morcegos filostomídeos (Mammalia, Chiroptera, (Phyllostomidae) em fragmento urbano do Instituto São Vicente, Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul. Pap. Av. Zool. 54: 299–305.10.1590/0031-1049.2014.54.20Search in Google Scholar

Miranda, J.M.D., I.P. Bernardi and F.C. Passos. 2006. A new species of Eptesicus (Mammalia: Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) from the Atlantic Forest, Brazil. Zootaxa. 1383: 57–68.10.11646/zootaxa.1383.1.4Search in Google Scholar

Moreno, C.E. and G. Halffter. 2001. Spatial and temporal analysis of α, β and γ diversities of bats in a fragmented landscape. Biodiv. Conserv. 10: 367–382.10.1023/A:1016614510040Search in Google Scholar

Munin, R.L., E. Fischer and F. Gonçalves. 2012. Food habits and dietary overlap in a phyllostomid bat assemblage in the Pantanal of Brazil. Acta Chiropt. 14: 195–204.10.3161/150811012X654871Search in Google Scholar

Novaes, R.L.M., R.F. Souza, S. Felix, A.C. Siqueira, R.S. Laurindo, L.F. Menezes and J.T. Shapiro. 2017. Seasonality and habitat influence on bat assemblage structure in an urban Atlantic Forest remnant from Southeastern Brazil. Mammalia 81: 265–274.10.1515/mammalia-2015-0115Search in Google Scholar

Oliveira, A.K.M. and F.T.F. Lemes. 2010. Artibeus planirostris como indutor de germinação em uma área do Pantanal do Rio Negro, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. Rev. Bras. Bioci. 8: 49–52.Search in Google Scholar

Oliveira, A.K.M., C.O. Conte and L.F. Oliveira-Pissini. 2011. Diversidade da quiropterofauna do Instituto de Pesquisas do Pantanal e entorno, Aquidauana, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. Rev. Bras. Bioci. 9: 96–102.Search in Google Scholar

Oliveira, A.K.M. de, M.D. Oliveira, S. Favero and L.F. Oliveira. 2012. Diversity, similarity and trophic guild of chiropterofauna in three southern Pantanal sub-regions, State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Acta Scient. 34: 33–39.10.4025/actascibiolsci.v34i1.7596Search in Google Scholar

Oliveira, M.T., G.A. Damasceno-Junior, A. Pott, A.C. Paranhos Filho, Y.R. Suarez and P. Parolin. 2014. Regeneration of riparian forests of the Brazilian Pantanal under flood and fire influence. For. Ecol. Manage. 331: 256–263.10.1016/j.foreco.2014.08.011Search in Google Scholar

Ortêncio-Filho, H., T.E. Lacher Jr and L.C. Rodrigues. 2014. Seasonal patterns in community composition of bats in forest fragments of the Alto Rio Paraná, southern Brazil. Stud. Neotrop. Fauna Environ. 49: 169–179.10.1080/01650521.2014.950834Search in Google Scholar

Pedro, W.A., M.P. Geraldes, G.G. Lopes and C.J.R. Alho. 1995. Fragmentação de hábitat e a estrutura de uma taxocenose de morcegos em São Paulo, Brasil. Chiropt. Neotrop. 1: 4–6.Search in Google Scholar

Penatti, N.C., T.I.R. de Almeida, L.G. Ferreira, A.E. Arantes and M.T. Coe. 2015. Satellite-based hydrological dynamics of the world’s largest continuous wetland. Remote Sens. Environ. 170: 1–13.10.1016/j.rse.2015.08.031Search in Google Scholar

Peracchi, A.L., I.P. Lima, N.R. Reis, M.R. Nogueira and H. Ortêncio-Filho. 2011. Ordem chiroptera. In: (A.L. Peracchi, W.A. Pedro, and I.P. Lima, eds.). Morcegos do Brasil. 2a Ed. Edição do Autor, Londrina, Brazil. pp. 155–156.Search in Google Scholar

Pott, A., A.K.M. Oliveira, G.A. Damasceno Jr. and J.S.V. Silva. 2011. Plant diversity of the Brazilian Pantanal wetland. Braz. J. Biol. 71: 265–273.10.1590/S1519-69842011000200005Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Prance, G. and G.B. Schaller. 1982. Preliminary study of some vegetation types of the Pantanal, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Brittonia 34: 228–251.10.2307/2806383Search in Google Scholar

Reis, N.R., A.L. Peracchi, W.A. Pedro and I.P. Lima. 2007. Morcegos do Brasil. Editora da UEL, Londrina, Brazil. pp. 254.Search in Google Scholar

Reis, N.R., A.L. Peracchi, W.A. Pedro and G.A.S.D. dos Santos. 2008. Ecologia de morcegos. Technical Books Editora, Londrina. pp. 148.Search in Google Scholar

Roque, F.O., J. Ochoa Quintero, D.B. Ribeiro, L.S. Sugai, R. Costa-Pereira, R. Lourival and G. Bino. 2016. Upland habitat loss as a threat to Pantanal wetlands. Conserv. Biol. 30: 1131–1134.10.1111/cobi.12713Search in Google Scholar

Saldaña-Vázquez, R.A. 2014. Intrinsic and extrinsic factors affecting dietary specialization in Neotropical frugivorous bats. Mammal. Rev. 44: 215–224.10.1111/mam.12024Search in Google Scholar

Santos, C.F., M. Nogueira, N. Cunha, L.F.A.C. Carvalho and E. Fischer. 2010. Southernmost record of the Sanborn’s big-eared bat, Micronycteris sanborni (Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae). Mammalia 74: 457–460.Search in Google Scholar

Seidel, A.F. and A.S. Moraes. 2000. Global valuation of ecosystem services: application to the Pantanal da Nhecolandia, Brazil. Ecol. Econ. 33: 1–6.10.1016/S0921-8009(99)00146-9Search in Google Scholar

Silva, M.P., R. Mauro, G. Mourão and M. Coutinho. 2000. Distribuição e quantificação de classes de vegetação do Pantanal através de levantamento aéreo. Rev. Bras. Bot. 23: 143–152.10.1590/S0100-84042000000200004Search in Google Scholar

Silveira, M., R.L. Munin, W.M. Tomás, E. Fischer, M.O. Bordignon, and G.D.A. Silveira. 2011. The distribution of the spectral bat, Vampyrum spectrum, reaches the Southern Pantanal. Biota Neotrop. 11: 173–175.10.1590/S1676-06032011000100017Search in Google Scholar

Simmons, N.B. and R.S. Voss. 1998. The Mammals of Paracou, French Guiana: a Neotropical lowland rainforest fauna. Part 1. Bats. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 237: 1–219.Search in Google Scholar

Smith, B. and J.B. Wilson. 1996. A consumer’s guide to evenness indices. Oikos 76: 70–82.10.2307/3545749Search in Google Scholar

Soares, F.A.M., C.E.B.P. Ribeiro, M.R. de Melo Daher, D. de Queiroz Guerra and S. Ferrari. 2017. Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) from a remnant of Atlantic Forest in Pernambuco, northeastern Brazil. Ver. Bras. Zooci. 18: 53–66.10.34019/2596-3325.2017.v18.24583Search in Google Scholar

Sodré, M.M., A.R. Gama and M.F. Almeida. 2010. Updated list of bat species positive for rabies in Brazil. Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. 52: 75–81.10.1590/S0036-46652010000200003Search in Google Scholar

Stockwell, E.F. 2001. Morphology and flight manoeuvrability in New World leaf-nosed bats (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae). J. Zool. 254: 505–514.10.1017/S0952836901001005Search in Google Scholar

Straube, F.C. and G.V. Bianconi. 2002. Sobre a grandeza e a unidade utilizada para estimar esforço de captura com utilização de redes-de-neblina. Chiropt. Neotrop. 8: 150–152.Search in Google Scholar

Straube, F.C., A. Urben-Filho, M.A.C. Pivatto, A.P. Nunes and W.M. Tomás. 2006. Nova contribuição à ornitologia do Chaco brasileiro (Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil). Atual. Ornit. 134: 1–27.Search in Google Scholar

Taddei, V.A. and W. Uieda. 2001. Distribution and morphometrics of Natalus stramineus from South América (Chiroptera, Natalidae). Iheringia Sér. Zool. 91: 123–132.10.1590/S0073-47212001000200018Search in Google Scholar

Teixeira, R.C., C.E. Corrêa and E. Fischer. 2009. Frugivory by Artibeus jamaicensis (Phyllostomidae) bats in the Pantanal, Brazil. Stud. Neotrop. Fauna Environ. 44: 7–15.10.1080/01650520802692283Search in Google Scholar

Tejedor, A. 2006. The type locality of Natalus stramineus (Chiroptera: Natalidae): implications for the taxonomy and biogeography of the genus Natalus. Acta Chiropt. 8: 361–380.10.3161/1733-5329(2006)8[361:TTLONS]2.0.CO;2Search in Google Scholar

Tejedor, A. 2011. Systematics of funnel-eared bats (Chiroptera: Natalidae). Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 353: 1–140.10.1206/636.1Search in Google Scholar

Tóthmérész, B. 1995. Comparison of different methods for diversity ordering. J. Veget. Sci. 6: 283–290.10.2307/3236223Search in Google Scholar

Trajano, E. 1996. Movements of cave bats in Southeastern Brazil, with emphasis on the population ecology of the common vampire bat, Desmodus rotundus (Chiroptera). Biotropica 28: 121–129.10.2307/2388777Search in Google Scholar

Vizotto, L.D. and V.A. Taddei. 1973. Chave para determinação de quirópteros brasileiros. Gráfica Francal, São José do Rio Preto, Brazil. pp. 72.Search in Google Scholar

Willig, M.R. 1985. Reproductive patterns of bats from Caatingas and Cerrado biomes in northeast Brazil. J. Mammal. 66: 668–681.10.2307/1380793Search in Google Scholar

Willig, M.R., S.J. Presley, R.D. Owen and C. López-González. 2000. Composition and structure of bat assemblages in Paraguay: a subtropical-temperate interface. J. Mammal. 81: 386–401.10.1644/1545-1542(2000)081<0386:CASOBA>2.0.CO;2Search in Google Scholar

Zortéa, M. and C.J.R. Alho. 2008. Bat diversity of a Cerrado habitat in central Brazil. Biodiv. Conserv. 17: 791.10.1007/s10531-008-9318-3Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2016-7-26
Accepted: 2017-7-5
Published Online: 2017-8-25
Published in Print: 2018-4-25

©2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

Scroll Up Arrow