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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter August 25, 2017

Bat diversity in the western Brazilian Pantanal

Marcelo Oscar Bordignon and Julie Teresa Shapiro
From the journal Mammalia


Located in southwestern Brazil, the Pantanal is a Wetland of International Importance and Biosphere reserve. It is composed of several subregions, each with distinct vegetation, and hosts diverse bat fauna. The goal of this study was to compare the bat communities between different subregions of the Pantanal, especially poorly sampled areas. From February 2008 to November 2009, we surveyed bats using mist nets at five sites with different vegetation structure and hydrology, over an area of 30,000 km2. Fecal samples were also collected. We captured 254 bats belonging to six families and 37 species: Phyllostomidae (19), Vespertilionidae (8), Molossidae (8), Noctilionidae (1), Emballonuridae (1) and Natalidae (1). The most abundant species was Artibeus planirostris (32%). The species reported in this study represent 60% of bat species recorded in Mato Grosso do Sul and 71% of species known from the Pantanal region of the state. We also highlight important records for the Pantanal, including Eumops patagonicus, Eptesicus diminutus and Micronycteris sanborni. The most common plant species in the feces of bats were from the genera Cecropia and Ficus. The community of bats in the Pantanal proved rich and diverse, with differences among subregions, possibly reflecting their complex landscape and different habitats.


We are grateful to the command of the 17° Batalhão de Infantaria de Fronteira and Embrapa Pantanal, for logistics support at Fort Coimbra and Nhumirim Farm, respectively; to the Ecology and Conservation Graduate Program from UFMS and CNPq (Project No. 470502/2007-0) for financial support, and the National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship for support of J.T. Shapiro (DGE-1315138). We are also grateful to Adriano Peracchi, Marcelo Nogueira and Itiberê Bernardi for help with species identification.


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Received: 2016-7-26
Accepted: 2017-7-5
Published Online: 2017-8-25
Published in Print: 2018-4-25

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