Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter November 5, 2019

First description of an immature Sumatran striped rabbit (Nesolagus netscheri), with special reference to the wildlife trade in South Sumatra

Arum Setiawan, Muhammad Iqbal, Amran Halim, Rio Firman Saputra, Doni Setiawan and Indra Yustian
From the journal Mammalia

Abstract

The Sumatran striped rabbit (Nesolagus netscheri Schlegel, 1880) is the least known lagomorph in the world. This paper describes the first record of a young N. netscheri that was offered for sale (the size is approximately 52–56% of the adult), together with an adult, by a social media group in February 2018. The rabbits were reportedly obtained from the Dempo mountain, South Sumatra. Compared to previous descriptions of N. netscheri, the Dempo mountain specimens have longer ears (47–52 mm vs. 34–50 mm), shorter tails (9–15 mm vs. 17 mm) and shorter hindfeet (60–65 mm vs. 67–87 mm). The threats to N. netscheri are revisited and discussed.

Acknowledgments

We thank Sriwijaya University for providing grants to the first and last authors known as “Hibah Profesi”. We are very grateful to the Biology Museum of Gadjah Mada University who preserved our specimens. We express our gratitude to John Flux [IUCN Species Survival Commission (SSC) Lagomorph Specialist Group] and Debby Ng for editing the English language and improving this draft. Finally, we wish to thank the anonymous reviewers who provided many essential suggestions for this paper.

References

Blouch, R.A. 1984. Current status of the Sumatran rhino and other large mammals in southern Sumatra. IUCN/WWF Report Number 4, Project 3033 Field Report. Bogor, Indonesia.Search in Google Scholar

Dinets, V. 2010. Observation of Sumatran striped rabbit (Nesolagus netscheri) in the wild. Mammalia 74: 1.10.1515/mamm.2009.074Search in Google Scholar

Flux, J.E.C. 1990. The Sumatran rabbit Nesolagus netscheri. In: (J.A. Chapman and J.E.C. Flux, eds.) Rabbits, hares and pikas: status survey and conservation action plan. IUCN/SSC Lagomorph Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. pp. 137–139.Search in Google Scholar

Francis, C.M. 2001. A photographic guide to the mammals of South-East Asia (including Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Java, Sumatra, Bali and Borneo). New Holland Publisher, London. pp. 128.Search in Google Scholar

Hoffmann, R.S. and T.A. Smith. 2005. Lagomorpha: Leporidae. In: (D.E. Wilson and D.M. Reeder, eds.) Mammal species of the world – a taxonomic and geographic reference, Third ed. Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore. pp. 185–211.Search in Google Scholar

Jacobson, E. 1921. Notes on some mammals from Sumatra. J. Fed. Malay States Mus. 10: 235–240.Search in Google Scholar

McCarthy, J.L., T.K. Fuller, K.P. McCarthy, H.T. Wibisono and M.C. Livolsi. 2012. Using camera trap photos and direct sightings to identify possible refugia for the Vulnerable Sumatran striped rabbit Nesolagus netscheri. Oryx 46: 438–441.10.1017/S0030605312000051Search in Google Scholar

McCarthy, J.L., J. Holden and D. Martyr. 2018. Nesolagus netscheri (Schlegel, 1880) Sumatran striped rabbit. In: (A.T. Smith, C.H. Johnston, P.C. Alves and K. Hacklander eds.) Lagomorphs: pikas, rabbits, and hares of the world. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. pp. 95–97.Search in Google Scholar

Meijaard, E. and J. Sugardjito. 2008. Nesolagus netscheri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org (Downloaded on 02 May 2017).Search in Google Scholar

Schai-Braun, S.C. and K. Hackländer. 2016. Family Leporidae (Hares and rabbits). In: (D.E. Wilson, T.E. Lacher and R.A. Mittermeier, eds.) 987. Handbook of the mammals of the world. Vol. 6. Lagomorphs ad rodents I. Lynx Edicions, Barelona. pp. 62–148.Search in Google Scholar

Setiawan, A., M. Iqbal, Komarudin, R.F. Saputra, D. Setiawan and I. Yustian. 2018. New reports of the presence and ecology of the Sumatran striped rabbit (Nesolagus netscheri), in South Sumatra. Mammalia 82: 589–591.10.1515/mammalia-2017-0064Search in Google Scholar

Smith, A.T. 2008. Lagomorph biology: evolution, ecology, and conservation. In: (P.A. Alves, N. Ferrand and K. Hackländer, eds.). Conservation of endangered lagomorphs. Springer, Berlin. pp. 297–316.Search in Google Scholar

Smith, A.T., C.H. Johnston, P.C. Alves and K. Hacklände. 2018. Lagomorphs: pikas, rabbits, and hares of the world. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. pp. 266.Search in Google Scholar

Surridge, A.K., R.J. Timmins, G.M. Hewitt and D.J. Bell. 1999. Striped rabbits in Southeast Asia. Nature 400: 726.10.1038/23393Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2018-12-25
Accepted: 2019-09-05
Published Online: 2019-11-05
Published in Print: 2020-03-26

©2020 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston