Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter March 26, 2020

Anthropogenic invaders: historical biogeography, current genetic status and distribution range of the “peludo” Chaetophractus villosus (Xenarthra) in Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego, southern South America

Sebastián Poljak ORCID logo EMAIL logo , Julieta Sánchez , Lucas Lanusse and Marta Susana Lizarralde
From the journal Mammalia

Abstract

Chaetophractus villosus was once distributed from the south of Bolivia and Paraguay to the northwest of Patagonia, where the species survived in glacial refugia during Pleistocene. After the ice retreated, the species expanded its distribution further south reaching Chubut River. In the last two centuries, the species colonized the rest of Patagonia on both sides of the Andes and was introduced in Tierra del Fuego (TDF) in 1982, where it expanded its distribution range along 484 km2 until 2005. A single mitochondrial Control Region haplotype (HC) was described across Argentine Patagonia based on the low number of samples. This lack of variability was exceptional and impressive, taking into account that the northern neighboring areas of distribution are considered ancestral due to the haplotype richness. Here, we added new field and genetic data and compiled recent bibliography to update the biogeography and phylogeography of the species in southern South America. To explain the unprecedent lack of genetic variability, we discussed three main aspects: a historical biogeographic aspect related to the natural barriers for the species, a strong stochastic component, and the possible adaptive advantages of the only mitochondrial lineage detected, whose colonization and acclimatization to the new environment were mediated by man. We also estimated that the current distribution range in TDF is about 8527 km2.

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank the two anonymous reviewers for their comments that improved the manuscript, Dr. Never Bonino, Lic. Jorge Gallo, and Mr. Ramiro López for providing samples, Julio Escobar for field assistance, Dra. Viviana Confalonieri for critical reading of the manuscript and Professor Pedro Pascale for the help in the English language. This work was partially supported by Proyecto de Investigación Plurianual of Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas CONICET (grant PIP 2012-2014 GI no.: 11220110100233). The funding source had no involvement in the conduct of the research and preparation of the article.

  1. Declarations of interest: None.

References

Abba, A.M. 2012. Caracterización de los ensambles de armadillos (Xenarthra, Dasypodidae) en agroecosistemas de la región pampeana de Buenos Aires y su relación con el uso del suelo, Libro de Resumenes II Congreso Latinoamericano de Mastozoología y XXV Jornadas Argentinas de Mastozoología. SAREM Buenos Aires. p. 57.Search in Google Scholar

Abba, A.M. and M. Superina. 2010. The 2009/2010 armadillo red list assessment. Edentata 11: 135–185.10.5537/020.011.0203Search in Google Scholar

Abba, A.M., S. Poljak, M. Gabrielli, P. Teta and U.F. Pardiñas 2014. Armored invaders in Patagonia: recent southward dispersion of armadillos (Cingulata, Dasypodidae). Mastozoología Neotroapical 21: 311–318.Search in Google Scholar

Arriagada, A., L. Baessolo, C. Saucedo, J.E. Crespo, J. Cerda, L. Parra, D. Aldridge, J. Ojeda and A. Hernández, 2017. Food habits in peripheral populations of Zaedyus pichiy and Chaetophractus villosus (Cingulata, Chlamyphoridae) in the Chilean Patagonia. Iheringia. Sér. Zool. 107: 1–8. e2017013.10.1590/1678-4766e2017013Search in Google Scholar

Atalah, G. 1975. Presencia de Chaetophractus villosus (Edentata Dasypodidae) nueva especie para la región de Magallanes, Chile, Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia.Search in Google Scholar

Bond, M., S.E. Caviglia and L. Borrero. 1981. Paleoetnozoología del Alero de los Sauces (Neuquén, Argentina); con especial referencia a la problemática presentada por los roedores en sitios patagónicos. Trabajos de Prehistoria 1: 95–109.Search in Google Scholar

Cabello, J.-L., A.-E.-J. Valenzuela and C.-B. Anderson. 2017. Avance en el proceso de la invasión biológica del peludo Chaetophractus villosus (Dasypodidae) en la Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego: un nuevo desafío binacional, Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia. Universidad de Magallanes. pp. 109–115.10.4067/S0718-686X2017000200109Search in Google Scholar

Cabrera, A.L., 1976. Regiones fitogeográficas argentinas. In: (SACI, E.A. ed.) Enciclopedia Argentina de Agricultura y Jardinería.Search in Google Scholar

Carlini, A.A. and S.F. Vizcaino. 1987. A new record of the armadillo Chaetophractus vellerosus (Gray, 1865) (Mammalia, Dasypodidae) in the Buenos Aires Province of Argentine: possible causes for the disjunct distribution. Stud. Neotrop. Fauna Environ. 22: 53–56.10.1080/01650528709360718Search in Google Scholar

Cobos, D. 2000. Evidencias morfológicas de glaciaciones holocenas en el Cerro Chachil III Jornadas Nacionales de Geografía Física, Buenos Aires.Search in Google Scholar

Carlini, A.A., E. Soibelzon and D. Glaz. 2016. Chaetophractus vellerosus (Cingulata: Dasypodidae). Mamm. Species 48: 73–82.10.1093/mspecies/sew008Search in Google Scholar

Crivelli, E., U. Pardiñas, M. Fernández, M. Bogazzi, A. Chauvin, V. Fernández and M. Lezcano. 1996. Cueva Epullán Grande (Pcia. del Neuquen). Informe de avance. Praehistoria 2: 185–265.Search in Google Scholar

Gemmell, N.J. and S. Akiyama. 1996. An efficient method for the extraction of DNA from vertebrate tissues. Trends Genet. 12: 338–339.10.1016/S0168-9525(96)80005-9Search in Google Scholar

Geng, Y.-P., X.-Y. Pan, C.-Y. Xu, W.-J. Zhang, B. Li, J.-K. Chen, B.-R. Lu and Z. Song-P. 2007. Phenotypic plasticity rather than locally adapted ecotypes allows the invasive alligator weed to colonize a wide range of habitats. Biol. Invasions 9: 245–256.10.1007/s10530-006-9029-1Search in Google Scholar

Gigoux, E. 1935. Zoología de Aysén. Boletín Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Chile 15: 621–642.Search in Google Scholar

Golani, D., E. Azzurro, M. Corsini-Foka, M. Falautano, F. Andaloro and G. Bernardi. 2007. Genetic bottlenecks and successful biological invasions: the case of a recent Lessepsian migrant. Biol. Lett. 3: 541–545.10.1098/rsbl.2007.0308Search in Google Scholar PubMed PubMed Central

Huchon, D., F. Delsuc, F.M. Catzeflis and E.J. Douzery. 1999. Armadillos exhibit less genetic polymorphism in North America than in South America: nuclear and mitochondrial data confirm a founder effect in Dasypus novemcinctus (Xenarthra). Mol. Ecol. 8: 1743–1748.10.1046/j.1365-294x.1999.00768.xSearch in Google Scholar PubMed

Iriarte, A. 2007. Mamíferos de Chile. Lynx Ediciones, Barcelona.Search in Google Scholar

Jaksic, F.M., J.A. Iriarte, J.E. Jiménez and D.R. Martínez. 2002. Invaders without frontiers: cross-border invasions of exotic mammals. Biol. Invasions 4: 157–173.10.1023/A:1020576709964Search in Google Scholar

Keam, S., N. McCormick, G. Howard and A. Athanas. 2009. Guidelines on biofuels and invasive species. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.Search in Google Scholar

Kumar, S., G. Stecher and K. Tamura. 2016. MEGA7: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis version 7.0 for bigger datasets. Mol. Biol. Evol. 33: 1870–1874.10.1093/molbev/msw054Search in Google Scholar

Lee, C.E., J.L. Remfert and Y.-M. Chang. 2007. Response to selection and evolvability of invasive populations. Genetica 129: 179–192.10.1007/s10709-006-9013-9Search in Google Scholar

Martínez, O.A. and A. Kutschker. 2011. The ‘Rodados Patagónicos’ (Patagonian shingle formation) of eastern Patagonia: environmental conditions of gravel sedimentation. Biol. J. Linnean Soc. 103: 336–345.10.1111/j.1095-8312.2011.01651.xSearch in Google Scholar

Massoia, E., S. Renard de Coquet and J. Fernández. 1981. Lama guanicoe en la economía primitiva, según registros arqueológicos verificados en la excavación de Chenque Haichol, Neuquén. INTA, IDIA 389e390, 79e82.Search in Google Scholar

Menegaz, A. 1996. Análisis del material faunístico procedente del sitio Piedra del Águila 11 (Neuquén, Argentina). Praehistoria 2: 147–161.Search in Google Scholar

Murúa, R., J.J. Armestó, C. Villagrán and M. Kalin Arroyo. 1996. Comunidades de mamíferos del bosque templado de Chile.Search in Google Scholar

Novillo, A. and R.A. Ojeda. 2008. The exotic mammals of Argentina. Biol. Invasions 10: 1333.10.1007/s10530-007-9208-8Search in Google Scholar

Peña, G. 1961. El peludo, Chaetophractus villosus, un nuevo mamífero para Chile. Revista Universitaria (Universidad Católica de Chile) 46: 141–142.Search in Google Scholar

Poljak, S., J. Escobar, G. Deferrari and M. Lizarralde. 2007. A new introduced mammal in Tierra del Fuego: the “large hairy armadillo” Chaetophractus villosus (Mammalia, Dasypodidae) in the Isla Grande island. Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat. 80: 285–294.Search in Google Scholar

Poljak, S., V. Confalonieri, M. Fasanella, M. Gabrielli and M.S. Lizarralde. 2010. Phylogeography of the armadillo Chaetophractus villosus (Dasypodidae Xenarthra): post-glacial range expansion from Pampas to Patagonia (Argentina). Mol. Phylogen. Evol. 55: 38–46.10.1016/j.ympev.2009.12.021Search in Google Scholar

Poljak, S., A.M. Ferreiro, M.B. Chiappero, J. Sánchez, M. Gabrielli and M.S. Lizarralde. 2018. Phylogeography of screaming hairy armadillo Chaetophractus vellerosus: successive disjunctions and extinctions due to cyclical climatic changes in southern South America. PloS One 13: e0190944.10.1371/journal.pone.0190944Search in Google Scholar

Poljak, S., M. Gabrielli, J. Sánchez and M.S. Lizarralde. (in press). Chaetophracus villosus, large hairy armadillo or peludo. In: (A.E.J. Valenzuela, C.B. Anderson, R.A. Ojeda and S.A. Balliari, eds.) Invasive Introduced Mammals in Argentina. SAREM series A: Mastozoological Research. SAREM, Argentina.Search in Google Scholar

Prentis, P.J., J.R. Wilson, E.E. Dormontt, D.M. Richardson and A.J. Lowe. 2008. Adaptive evolution in invasive species. Trends Plant Sci. 13: 288–294.10.1016/j.tplants.2008.03.004Search in Google Scholar

Rabassa, J. 2008. Late cenozoic glaciations in Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego. Developments Quart. Sci. 11: 151–204.10.1016/S1571-0866(07)10008-7Search in Google Scholar

Rabassa, J., A. Coronato and O. Martinez. 2011a. Late Cenozoic glaciations in Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego: an updated review. Biol. J. Linnean. Soc. 103: 316–335.10.1111/j.1095-8312.2011.01681.xSearch in Google Scholar

Rabassa, J., A. Coronato, J. Ponce, G. Schlieder and O. Martínez. 2011b. Depósitos glacigénicos (Cenozoico tardío-Cuaternario) y geoformas asociadas, Relatorio del XVIII Congreso Geológico Argentino, Neuquén. pp. 295–314.Search in Google Scholar

Roman, J. and J.A. Darling. 2007. Paradox lost: genetic diversity and the success of aquatic invasions. Trends Ecol. Evol. 22: 454–464.10.1016/j.tree.2007.07.002Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Sersic, A.N., A. Cosacov, A.A. Cocucci, L.A. Johnson, R. Pozner, L.J. Avila, J.W. Sites Jr. and M. Morando. 2011. Emerging phylogeographical patterns of plants and terrestrial vertebrates from Patagonia. Biol. J. Linnean Soc. 103: 475–494.10.1111/j.1095-8312.2011.01656.xSearch in Google Scholar

Simberloff, D. and M. Rejmánek. 2011. Encyclopedia of biological invasions. University of California Press, Oakland. pp. 792.Search in Google Scholar

Soibelzon, E. and E.P. Tonni. 2009. Early Pleistocene glaciations in Argentina (South America) and the response of the mammals: the case of the Pampean Region. Curr. Res. Pleistoc. 26: 175–177.Search in Google Scholar

Soibelzon, E., G. Daniele, J. Negrete, A.A. Carlini and S. Plischuk. 2007. Annual diet of the little hairy armadillo, Chaetophractus vellerosus (Mammalia, Dasypodidae), in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. J. Mammal. 88: 1319–1324.10.1644/06-MAMM-A-335R.1Search in Google Scholar

Superina, M. and A.M. Abba. 2014. Zaedyus pichiy (Cingulata: Dasypodidae). Mamm. Species 46: 1–10.10.1644/905.1Search in Google Scholar

Svoboda, A. and E.J. Moreno. 2018. Peces y coipos: zooarqueología del sitio Valle Hermoso 4 (lago Colhué Huapi, Chubut). Revista del Museo de Antropología 11: 85–98.10.31048/1852.4826.v11.n1.15601Search in Google Scholar

Tamayo, H. 1973. Los armadillos en Chile: situación de Euphractus sexcinctus (Linnaeus 1758), (Mammalia, Edentata, Dasypodidae). Noticiario Mensual-Museo Nacional de Historia Natural (Santiago) 17: 3–6.Search in Google Scholar

Thompson, J.D., D.G. Higgins and T.J. Gibson. 1994. CLUSTAL W: improving the sensitivity of progressive multiple sequence alignment through sequence weighting, position-specific gap penalties and weight matrix choice. Nucleic Acids Res. 22: 4673–4680.10.1093/nar/22.22.4673Search in Google Scholar PubMed PubMed Central

Vilà, C., I.R. Amorim, J.A. Leonard, D. Posada, J. Castroviejo, F. Petrucci-Fonseca, K.A. Crandall and R.K. Wayne. 1999. Mitochondrial DNA phylogeography and population history of the grey wolf Canis lupus. Mol. Ecol. 8: 2089–2103.10.1046/j.1365-294x.1999.00825.xSearch in Google Scholar PubMed

Wares, J.P., A. Randall Hughes and R.K. Grosberg. 2005. Mechanisms that drive evolutionary change. Insights from species introductions and invasions. In: (D.F. Sax, J.J. Stachowicz and S.D. Gaines, eds.) Species invasions. Insights into ecology, evolution and biogeography. Sinauer Press, Oxford, UK. pp. 229–257.Search in Google Scholar

Weis, V.M. 2010. The susceptibility and resilience of corals to thermal stress: adaptation, acclimatization or both? Mol. Ecol. 19: 1515–1517.10.1111/j.1365-294X.2010.04575.xSearch in Google Scholar PubMed

Wilson, D.E. and D.M. Reeder. 2005. Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland. pp. 2142.Search in Google Scholar


Supplementary Material

The online version of this article offers supplementary material (https://doi.org/10.1515/mammalia-2019-0076).


Received: 2019-06-19
Accepted: 2020-01-30
Published Online: 2020-03-26
Published in Print: 2020-09-25

©2020 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

Downloaded on 30.1.2023 from https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/mammalia-2019-0076/html
Scroll Up Arrow