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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter August 31, 2020

New records of bats (Chiroptera) in the Atlantic Forest of Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil

  • Carina Maria Vela-Ulian EMAIL logo , João Paulo Maires Hoppe ORCID logo and Albert David Ditchfield
From the journal Mammalia


Herein, we report six new records of bats for the Espírito Santo state, southeastern Brazil: Choeroniscus minor, Diaemus youngii, Micronycteris schmidtorum, Glyphonycteris daviesi, G. sylvestris, and Histiotus velatus. Fieldwork was conducted in the region of Reserva Biológica de Sooretama, northern Espírito Santo, increasing to 83 species the total of bat species known for the state. We also assigned the first voucher for Diclidurus albus at Espírito Santo, and we provide distributional information about all these species in Brazil and map their distribution in the Neotropics. These new occurrences increase the range, in Atlantic Forest, for all bat species reported here. We describe species measurements and provide comments on taxonomy for comparisons and to aid correct identification.

Corresponding author: Carina Maria Vela-Ulian, Laboratório de Estudos em Quirópteros, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Avenida Fernando Ferrari, 514-Goiabeiras, Vitória, 29075-910, ES, Brazil, E-mail:


We extend special thanks to V.T. Pimenta and B.S. Fonseca who coordinated the field work team collecting and identifying the specimens.

  1. Author contribution: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  2. Research funding: C.M. Vela-Ulian and J. Hoppe received a postgraduate scholarship from CAPES.

  3. Conflict of interest statement: The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding this article.

Appendix 1: List of species with confirmed occurrences at the Espírito Santo state, Brazil

Family Emballonuridae (5 genera, 7 species)
Centronycteris maximiliani (Fischer, 1829)*Schinz (1821)
Diclidurus albus (Wied-Neuwied, 1820)This paper
Peropteryx kappleri (Peters, 1867)Ruschi (1951)
Peropteryx macrotis (Wagner, 1843)Ruschi (1951)
Rhynchonycteris naso (Wied-Neuwied, 1820)Ruschi (1951)
Saccopteryx bilineata (Temminck, 1838)Peracchi et al. (2011)
Saccopteryx leptura (Schreber, 1774)Ruschi (1951)
Family Phyllostomidae (32 genera, 52 species)
Subfamily Micronycterinae
Lampronycteris brachyotis (Dobson, 1879)Peracchi and Albuquerque (1985)
Micronycteris hirsuta (Peters, 1869)Peracchi and Albuquerque (1985)
Micronycteris megalotis (Gray, 1842)Ruschi (1951)
Micronycteris microtis (Miller, 1898)Peracchi et al. (2011)
Micronycteris minuta (Gervais, 1856)Peracchi and Albuquerque (1985)
Micronycteris schmidtorum (Sanborn, 1935)This paper
Subfamily Desmodontinae
Desmodus rotundus (Geoffroy, 1810)Ruschi (1951)
Diaemus youngii (Jentink, 1893)This paper
Diphylla ecaudata (Spix, 1823)Ruschi (1951)
Subfamily Lonchorhininae
Lonchorhina aurita (Tomes, 1863)Ruschi (1951)
Subfamily Phyllostominae
Chrotopterus auritus (Peters, 1856)Ruschi (1951)
Gardnerycteris crenulatum (Geoffroy, 1803)Peracchi and Albuquerque (1993)
Lophostoma brasiliense (Peters, 1866)Ruschi (1951)
Macrophyllum macrophyllum (Schinz, 1821)Ruschi (1951)
Mimon bennettii (Gray, 1838)Ruschi (1951)
Phyllostomus discolor (Wagner, 1843)Peracchi and Albuquerque (1993)
Phyllostomus elongatus (Geoffroy, 1810)Lage et al. (2013)
Phyllostomus hastatus (Pallas, 1767)Ruschi (1951)
Tonatia bidens (Spix, 1823)Ruschi (1970)
Tonatia saurophila (Koopman & Williams, 1951)Luz et al. (2009)
Trachops cirrhosus (Spix, 1823)Ruschi (1951)
Subfamily Glossophaginae
Anoura caudifer (Geoffroy, 1818)Ruschi (1951)
Anoura geoffroyi (Gray, 1838)Ruschi (1951)
Choeroniscus minor (Peters, 1868)This paper
Dryadonycteris capixaba Nogueira, Lima, Peracchi & Simmons, 2012*Nogueira et al. (2012)
Glossophaga soricina (Pallas, 1766)Ruschi (1951)
Lichonycteris degener (Miller, 1931)Zortéa et al. (1998)
Subfamily Lonchophyllinae
Lionycteris spurelli (Thomas, 1913)Woodman and Timm (2006)
Lonchophylla mordax (Thomas, 1903)Ruschi (1951)
Lonchophylla peracchii (Dias, Esbérard & Moratelli, 2013)Pimenta et al. (2010)
Subfamily Carollinae
Carollia brevicauda (Schinz, 1821)*Schinz (1821)
Carollia perspicillata (Linnaeus, 1758)Ruschi (1951)
Subfamily Gliphonycterinae
Glyphonycteris daviesi (Hill, 1964)This paper
Glyphonycteris sylvestris (Thomas, 1896)This paper
Trinycteris nicefori (Sanborn, 1949)Peracchi and Albuquerque (1985)
Subfamily Rhinophyllinae
Rhinophylla pumilio (Peters, 1865)Peracchi and Albuquerque (1993)
Subfamily Stenodermatinae
Artibeus fimbriatus (Gray, 1838)Peracchi and Albuquerque (1993)
Artibeus lituratus (Olfers, 1818)Ruschi (1951)
Artibeus obscurus (Schinz, 1821)Peracchi and Albuquerque (1993)
Artibeus planirostris (Spix, 1823)Peracchi and Albuquerque (1993)
Chiroderma doriae (Thomas, 1891)Scabello et al. (2009)
Chiroderma villosum (Peters, 1860)Peracchi and Albuquerque (1993)
Dermanura cinerea (Gervais, 1856)Peracchi and Albuquerque (1993)
Dermanura glauca (Thomas, 1893)Lorenzutti and Almeida (2006)
Dermanura gnoma (Handley, 1987)Aguiar et al. (1995)
Platyrrhinus lineatus (Geoffroy, 1810)Ruschi (1951)
Platyrrhinus recifinus (Thomas, 1901)Peracchi and Albuquerque (1993)
Pygoderma bilabiatum (Wagner, 1843)Peracchi and Albuquerque (1993)
Sturnira lilium (Geoffroy, 1810)Ruschi (1970)
Sturnira tildae (de la Torre, 1959)Peracchi and Albuquerque (1993)
Uroderma magnirostrum (Davis, 1968)Peracchi and Albuquerque (1993)
Vampyressa pusilla (Wagner, 1843)Peracchi and Albuquerque (1993)
Family Noctilionidae (1 genus, 1 species)
Noctilio leporinus (Linnaeus, 1758)Ruschi (1951)
Family Furipteridae (1 genus, 1 species)
Furipterus horrens (Cuvier, 1828)Duda et al. (2012)
Family Thyropteridae (1 genus, 1 species)
Thyroptera wynneae (Velazco, Gregorin, Voss & Simmons, 2014)Hoppe et al. (2014a)
Family Natalidae (1 genus, 1 species)
Natalus macrourus (Gervais, 1856)Ruschi (1951)
Family Molossidae (5 genera, 9 species)
Cynomops planirostris (Peters, 1866)Peracchi et al. (2011)
Eumops auripendulus (Shaw, 1800)
Eumops glaucinus (Wagner, 1843)Mendes et al. (2009)
Molossus coibensis Allen, 1904Pimenta et al. (2014)
Molossus molossus (Pallas, 1766)Ruschi (1951)
Molossus rufus Geoffroy, 1805Ruschi (1951)
Nyctinomops laticaudatus (Geoffroy, 1805)Ruschi (1951)
Nyctinomops macrotis (Gray, 1840)Hoppe et al. (2014b)
Promops nasutus (Spix, 1823)Mendes et al. (2009)
Family Vespertilionidae (4 genera, 11 species)
Subfamily Vespertilioninae
Eptesicus brasiliensis (Desmarest, 1819)Ruschi (1970)
Eptesicus diminutus (Osgood, 1915)Ruschi (1970)
Eptesicus furinalis (d’Orbigny & Gervais, 1847)Peracchi et al. (2011)
Histiotus velatus (Geoffroy, 1824)This paper
Lasiurus blossevillii (Lesson, 1826)Ruschi (1951)
Lasiurus ega (Gervais, 1856)Peracchi et al. (2011)
Subfamily Myotinae
Myotis albescens (Geoffroy, 1806)Vieira et al. (2008)
Myotis levis (Geoffroy, 1824)Vieira et al. (2008)
Myotis nigricans (Schinz, 1821)*Schinz (1821)
Myotis riparius (Handley, 1960)Luz et al. (2009)
Myotis ruber (Geoffroy, 1806)Vieira et al. (2008)
  1. Species with type locality at Espírito Santo are marked with an asterisk.


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Supplementary material

The online version of this article offers supplementary material (

Received: 2019-09-11
Accepted: 2020-06-18
Published Online: 2020-08-31
Published in Print: 2021-01-27

© 2020 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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